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The University of Southampton

Which Aspect of 'Getting Ahead' and 'Getting Along' lead to 'Getting Happy'? Values? Behaviours? Or Value Behaviour Fit?

Kathryn Buchanan

University of Essex

Agency ('getting ahead') and communion ('getting along') have repeatedly been related to well-being. However, the broad nature of these superordinate constructs makes it difficult to identify which aspect of agency and communion relate to well-being - motives, behaviours or a fit between the two (motive-behaviour fit)? Data from three correlational studies clearly and consistently demonstrate that only the behavioural aspect of agency and communion relate to well-being. Data from an intervention study also indicate that enacting agency and communion behaviours may increase well-being.

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