MA, DPhil, CertEd, FRCOG
- Primary position:
- Director, Academic Unit of Human Development and Health
- Other positions:
- Director, Institute of Developmental Sciences, British Heart Foundation Professor of Cardiovascular Science
Professor Mark Hanson is one of the UK’s leading researchers on developmental pathways to disease. He is current President of the International Society for the Developmental Origins of Health and Disease and was a founder member and former secretary of the Society. He has served on a range of committees in government, charitable and NGOs focusing on the importance of adopting lifecourse perspective to new ways of reducing the burden of non-communicable disease globally. In the UK he directs the University of Southampton Academic Unit of Human Development and Health in the Faculty of Medicine and overseas he holds visiting appointments in Auckland, Singapore, Dublin, Jamaica and Suzhou.
Mark has published more than 200 original papers, 125 reviews and 13 books. His research concerns several aspects of development and health, ranging from how the environment before and after birth affects the risk of chronic disease – such as cardiovascular and chronic lung disease, diabetes and obesity – to population studies aimed at the early identification of risk, so that timely preventative interventions can be made. The group are exploring the epigenetic processes which relate to such risks, and which may serve as valuable early life biomarkers. His Academic Unit works on these problems in both developed and developing countries in many parts of the world. Mark is particularly interested in the links between medical science and society and was a founder member of the Wellcome Trust’s Sci-Art panel. He is much involved in educational projects to promote health literacy in school students – LifeLab – in the public understanding of science and how evolutionary thinking applies to human biology and medicine. His recent popular science books include Mismatch – the lifestyle diseases timebomb (2006) which is translated into Mandarin, Portuguese and German, and Principles of Evolutionary Medicine (2009) ans Fat, Fate & Disease (2012), all published by OUP.
BA Hons Animal Physiology, St John's College, Oxford (1971)
CertEd, University of Leeds (1974)
DPhil in Physiology, St John’s College, Oxford (1979)
Sept 1974 - July 1976 - Lecturer in Biological Sciences, Waverley College of Further Education, Nottingham
Oct 1976 - Sept 1979 - Departmental Demonstrator and Research Assistant (MRC salaried) in University Laboratory of Physiology, Oxford
Oct 1979 -Sept 1989 - Lecturer in Biochemistry and Physiology, University of Reading
Oct 1986 -Sept 1990 - Wellcome Trust Senior Lecturer, University of Reading
Oct 1989 -Sept 1990 - Reader, University of Reading
Oct 1990 - Sept 1993 - Reader in Fetal and Neonatal Physiology and Wellcome Trust Senior Lecturer, University College London (the latter until 1997)
Oct 1993 - Dec 1999 - Professor of Fetal and Neonatal Physiology, University College London
The University of Southampton's electronic library (e-prints)
Conference or Workshop Item
Mark’s research over many years has been translated to experimental medicine and to healthcare and public health at multiple levels. Overall it concerns the Developmental Origins of Health and Disease. He was the leading proponent of the concept that the fetus responds to aspects of its environment, and that this has long-term consequences after birth.
Examples of his track record in translational medicine include:
- Development of a method for measuring respiratory chemoreflexes in neonates, applied to preterm infants and those suffering from bronchopulmonary dysplasia.
- Involvement over many years in the technology and analysis for measuring blood flow in the fetal circulation investigation of the factors regulating it, followed by its application to human fetuses to define longitudinal reference ranges through gestation, the effects of maternal slimness and diet and of intrauterine growth restriction or fetal macrosomia.
- Pioneering the use of near-infra red spectroscopy for measuring fetal brain oxygenation, blood volume and oxidative state, now piloted for use for fetal monitoring in labour
- Study of the human placenta to define processes regulating amino acid transport to the fetus in relation to maternal body composition and diet.
- Investigation of the biology underlying transgenerational effects of prenatal exposure to undernutrition and application in the investigation of cohorts in both developed and developing societies to assess developmental contributions to health in later life
- Development, with funding from public and private sources, of epigenetic biomarkers for use at birth in assessing the impact of maternal diet and lifestyle as predictors of later risk factors such as childhood adiposity
Academic unit: Human Development and Health Academic Units
Affiliate academic units: Human development and physiology Research group
Mark has served on external review panels for departments and units conducting basic-clinical research translation, in NZ, Canada, Brazil, Jamaica, Hong Kong, China, Dundee, Aberdeen and Dublin.
Mark was senior author of an invited report for BMA on Early Life Nutrition and Lifelong Health (2009), a member of the Health Protection Agency Advisory Group on Non-Ionising Radiation Sub-Group on Ultrasound and Infrasound Safety, published as Health Effects of Exposure to Ultrasound and Infrasound – Report of the independent Advisory Group on Non-Ionising Radiation (2010) Health Protection Agency ISBN 978-0-85951-662-4.
Mark was Senior Editor for 4 books in the series The Fetus and Neonate – physiology and clinical applications on: The Circulation; Breathing; Kidney & Body Fluids; Growth (Cambridge University Press)
Mark was co-editor of The Newborn Brain – neuroscience and clinical applications (now in 2nd edition) (Cambridge University Press)
Mark has given 179 invited lectures at clinical research meetings, presenting the results of on-going research and its applications
Mark currently supervises 5 students – either as first supervisor or co-ordinating supervisor
Mark has successfully supervised 28 post-graduate students
He currently lectures to BM4 and BM5 students on Developmental Origins of Health and Disease and on the BIOL3044 course.
Professor Mark Hanson
Phone: (023) 8079 5255
Fax: (023) 8079 4221
Room Number: SGH/IDS/MP887