Archaeology

Graeme Earl

Primary position:
Senior Lecturer
Other positions:
Chair of the Digital Economy University Strategic Research Group (DEUSRG)

Background

The University of Southampton

In recent years I was Principal Investigator on the AHRC RTISAD project, and co-investigator on the eMob aboriginal consultation multimedia project, JISC Institutional Data Management Blueprint, and the Roman Port Networks Project. In addition to the on-going projects mentioned below I am also funded by JISC on the DataPool project which is developing a data management framework for the University of Southampton.
I am a member of the AHRC Peer Review College, on the editorial boards of JOOCH and Internet Archaeology, and a member of the scientific committees of a range of conferences including CAA and VAST. At Southampton I am Chair of the DE USRG and Director of sotonDH. I have an interest in educational technologies and am involved in on-going projects to enhance the student experience at Southampton, including work on multi-touch learning environments,  social media tools for collaborative learning, virtual fieldwork, digital aspects of the Portus Field School. You can learn more about my interests at my website.

Dr Graeme Earl's photo

Useful downloads

Web links

Other University of Southampton sites

Publications

The University of Southampton's electronic library (e-prints)

Article

Earl, Graeme (2013) Modeling in archaeology: computer graphic and other digital pasts. Perspectives on Science, 21, (2), 226-244. (doi:10.1162/POSC_a_00096).
Brughmans, Tom, Keay, Simon and Earl, Graeme (2012) Complex networks in archaeology: urban connectivity in iron age and Roman southern Spain. Leonardo, 45, (3) (doi:10.1162/LEON_a_00373).
Takeda, K., Earl, G., Frey, J., Keay, S. and Wade, A. (2012) Enhancing research publications using Rich Interactive Narratives. Philosophical Transactions of The Royal Society A: Mathematical Physical and Engineering Sciences, 371, (1983), 20120090-20120090. (doi:10.1098/rsta.2012.0090).
Keay, Simon, Earl, Graeme, Felici, Fabrizio, Copeland, Penny, Cascino, Roberta, Kay, Stephen and Triantafillou, Christina (2012) Interim report on an enigmatic new Trajanic building at Portus. Journal of Roman Archaeology, 25, 486-512.
Earl, Graeme, Beale, Gareth, Pagi, Hembo and Smith, Nicole (2011) Reflectance transformation: an approach for imaging archaeological finds. The Archaeologist, (81), 36-37.
Keay, S. and Earl, G. (2011) Urban connectivity in Roman Baetica. Journal of Roman Archaeology (Submitted).
Earl, Graeme, Martinez, Kirk and Malzbender, Tom (2010) Archaeological applications of polynomial texture mapping: analysis, conservation and representation. Journal of Archaeological Science, 37, (8), 2040-2050. (doi:10.1016/j.jas.2010.03.009).
Salomon, F. , Goiran, J.P., Bravard, J.P., Strutt, K., Keay, S., Earl, G.P., Paroli, L. and Kay, S. (2010) Chronique. Delta du Tibre. Campgane de carrotage 2009. L’example de Canale Romano. Mélanges de l'école française de Rome Antiquité, 123, (1), 263-267.
Keay, S., Earl, G., Kay, S., Hay, S.A., Ogden, J. and Strutt, K.D. (2009) The role of integrated geophysical survey in the assessment of archaeological landscapes: the case of Portus. [in special issue: Integrated remote sensing techniques for archaeological prospection] Archaeological Prospection, 16, (3), 154-166. (doi:10.1002/arp.358).
Keay, Simon, Earl, Graeme, Hay, Sophie, Kay, Stephen, Ogden, Jessica and Strutt, Kristian (2009) The role of integrated geophysical survey methods in the assessment of archaeological landscapes: the case of Portus. Archaeological Prospection, 16, (3), 154-166. (doi:10.1002/arp.358).
Keay, Simon, Earl, Graeme, Goiran, J.P., Bravard, J.P., Salomon, F, Kay, S, Ballantyne, R and Margritis, E (2009) La Delta du Tibre. Delta du Tibre. Campagne de carrotage 2008. Etude des canaux de Portus. Melanges de l'Ecole Francaise de Rome, 121, (1), 60-64.
Cripps, Paul, Earl, Graeme and Wheatley, David (2006) A dwelling place in bits. Journal of Iberian Archaeology, 8, 25-39.
Goodrick, Glyn and Earl, Graeme, Huggett, Jeremy and Ross, Seamus (eds.) (2004) A manufactured past: virtual reality in archaeology. Internet Archaeology, 15.

Book

Wheatley, David, Earl, Graeme and Poppy, Sarah (eds.) (2002) Contemporary themes in archaeological computing, Oxford, UK, Oxbow Books, 110pp. (University of Southampton Department of Archaeology Monograph 3).

Book Section

Earl, Graeme, Porcelli, Vito, Papadopoulos, Constantinos, Beale, Gareth, Harrison, Matthew, Pagi, Hembo and Keay, Simon (2013) Formal and informal analysis of rendered space: the basilica Portuense. In, Bevan, Andrew and Lake, Mark (eds.) Computational Approaches to Archaeological Spaces. Walnut Creek, US, Left Coast Press, 265-305.
Bridgman, Rebecca and Earl, Graeme (2012) Experiencing lustre: polynomial texture mapping of medieval pottery at the Fitzwilliam Museum. In, Matthews, Roger, Curtis, John, Symour, Michael, Fletcher, Alexandra, Gascoigne, Alison, Glatz, Claudia, Simpson, St. John, Taylor, Helen, Tubb, Jonathan and Chapman, Rupert (eds.) Proceedings of the 7th International Congress of the Archaeology of the Ancient Near East (7th ICAANE). [Vol.2] Ancient & Modern Issues in Cultural Heritage. Colour & Light in Architecture, Art & Material Culture. Islamic Archeology. 7th International Congress on the Archaeology of the Ancient Near East , Harrasowitz, 497-512. (Proceedings of the International Congress on the Archaeology of the Ancient Near East, 7).
Keay, S., Earl, G.P. and Felici, F. (2012) Recent excavations in the Palazzo Imperiale at Portus (2007-2010). In, Keay, S. and Paroli, L. (eds.) Portus and its Hinterland: Recent Archaeological Research. Rome, IT, British School in Rome. (Archaeological Monographs of the British School at Rome). (In Press).
Papadopoulos, Constantinos and Earl, Graeme (2012) Formal three-dimensional computational analyses of archaeological spaces. In, Spatial Analysis in Past Built Spaces. Spatial Analysis in Built Spaces: an Interdisciplinary and International Workshop , TOPOI. (In Press).
Keay, Simon, Earl, Graeme, Beale, Gareth, Davis, Nathan, Ogden, Jessica and Strutt, Kristian D. (2012) Challenges of port landscapes: integrating geophysics, open area excavation and computer graphic visualisation at Portus and the Isola Sacra. In, Johnson, Paul and Millett, Martin (eds.) Archaeological Survey and the City. Oxford, GB, Oxbow. (University of Cambridge Museum of Classical Archaeology Monographs, 2).
Keay, S., Earl, G.P., Ogden, J., Strutt, K. and Davis, N. (2012) Geophysical survey and the Portus Project. In, Millett, M. and Johnson , P. (eds.) Archaeological Survey and the City Revisited. Cambridge, GB, The MacDonald Institute.
Brughmans, Tom, Keay, Simon and Earl, Graeme (2012) Complex networks in archaeology: urban connectivity in iron age and Roman southern Spain. In, Schich, Maximilian, Malina, Roger and Meirelles, Isabel (eds.) Arts, Humanities, and Complex Networks. Arts, Humanities, and Complex Networks — 2nd Leonardo satellite symposium at NetSci201 , Massachusetts Institute of Technology Press. (In Press).
Brughmans, Tom, Isaksen, Leif and Earl, Graeme (2012) Connecting the dots: an introduction to critical approaches in archaeological network analysis. In, Zhou, M, Romanowska, Izabela, Wu, Z, Xu, P and Verhagen, Philip (eds.) Revive the Past: Proceedings of the 39th Conference on Computer Applications and Quantitative Methods in Archaeology. Revive the Past: 39th Annual Conference of Computer Applications and Quantitative Methods in Archaeology , Amsterdam University Press. (In Press).
Keay, Simon and Earl, Graeme (2011) Towns and territories in Roman Baetica. In, Bowman, Alan and Wilson, Andrew (eds.) Settlement, Urbanization, and Population. Oxford, GB, Oxford University Press, 276-316. (Oxford Studies on the Roman Economy).
Earl, G., Beale, G. and Keay, S. (2011) Archaeological computing on Portus Project. In, Keay, Simon and Paroli, L. (eds.) Portus and its Hinterland: Recent Archaeological Research. Rome, IT, British School at Rome, 101-126. (Archaeological Monographs of the British School at Rome, 18).
Earl, Graeme, Isaksen, Leif, Keay, Simon, Brughmans, Tom and Potts, David (2011) Computational methods on the Roman port networks. In, Keay, Simon (ed.) Rome, Portus and the Mediterranean. London, GB, British School at Rome Press. (In Press).
Isaksen, Leif, Earl, Graeme and Keay, Simon (2011) Towns and road networks in southern Spain during the Iberian and roman periods. In, Mayoral, Victorino (ed.) Proceedings of the 5th Merida Symposium on Archaeology. 5th Merida Symposium on Archaeology , Merida Symposium on Archaeology, 617-630.
Earl, G., Basford, P. J., Bischoff, A. S., Bowman, A., Crowther, C., Dahl, J., Hodgson, M., Martinez, K., Isaksen, L., Pagi, H., Piquette, K. E. and Kotoula, E. (2011) Reflectance transformation imaging systems for ancient documentary artefacts. In, Bowen , Jonathan P., Dunn, Stuart and Ng , Kia (eds.) EVA London 2011: Electronic Visualisation and the Arts. EVA 2011: Electronic Visualisation and the Arts , BCS.
Isaksen, Leif, Martinez, Kirk, Earl, Graeme, Gibbins, Nicholas and Keay, Simon (2011) Interoperate with whom? Archaeology, formality and the semantic web. In, Proceedings of Computer Applications and Quantitative Methods in Archaeology. Computer Applications and Quantitative Methods in Archaeology 2010 , Computer Applications and Quantitative Methods in Archaeology. (In Press).
Frankland, Tom and Earl, Graeme (2011) Authority and authenticity in future archaeological visualisation. In, Proceedings of Ads-Vis2011: Making Visible the Invisible: Art, Design and Science in Data Visualisation. Ads-Vis2011: Making Visible the Invisible: Art, Design and Science in Data Visualisation , University of Huddersfield. (In Press).
Earl, Graeme, Isaksen, Leif, Keay, Simon, Brughmans, Tom and Potts, David (2011) Computational methods on the Roman port networks project. In, Keay, Simon (ed.) Portus and Roman Port Networks. London, GB, British School at Rome. (Monograph of the British School at Rome). (In Press).
Isaksen, Leif, Earl, Graeme, Martinez, Kirk, Keay, Simon and Gibbins, Nicholas (2010) Linking archaeological data. In, Frischer, Bernard and Fischer, Lisa (eds.) Proceedings of Computer Applications and Quantitative Methods in Archaeology. CAA 2009 : 37th Annual International Conference on Computer Applications and Quantitative Methods in Archaeology , Computer Applications and Quantitative Methods in Archaeology.
Ogden, Jessica, Strutt, Kristian, Keay, Simon, Earl, Graeme and Kay, Stephen (2010) Geophysical prospection at Portus: an evaluation of an integrated approach to interpreting subsurface archaeological features. In, Proceedings of the 37th Computer Applications to Archaeology Conference (CAA 2009). 37th Computer Applications to Archaeology Conference (CAA 2009) Williamsburg, US, Colonial Williamsburg Foundation, 1-17.
Keay, S., Earl, G., Hay, S.A., Ogden, J. Steven and Strutt, K.D. (2008) The potential of archaeological geophysics: the work of the British School at Rome in Italy. In, Orlando, L. (ed.) Geofisica per L’Archeologia: Possibilità e Limiti. Atti del Convegno Roma 10 Dicembre 2008. Geofisica per l’Archeologia: Possibilità e Limiti Rome, IT, Società Geologica Italiana, 25-45.
Earl, G.P., Keay, S. and Beale, G. (2008) Computer graphic modelling at Portus: analysis, reconstruction and representation of the Claudian and Trajanic harbours. In, Lasaponara, R. and Masini , N. (eds.) Advances on Remote Sensing for Archaeology and Cultural Heritage Management. 1st International EARSeL Workshop CNR Rome, IT, Consiglio Nazionale di Ricerca, 165-172.
Earl, Graeme Peter (2007) De/construction sites: Romans and the digital playground. In, Bowen, Jonathan, Keene, Suzanne and MacDonald, Lindsay (eds.) Proceedings of the Electronic Visualisation and the Arts London 2007 Conference held at the London College of Communication, University of the Arts London 11-13 July 2007. EVA London 2007, London College of Communication University of the Arts Hampton Hill, UK, EVA Conferences International, 1-11.
Glazier, D., Whitewright, J. and Earl, G.P. (2007) The topographic and geophysical survey. In, Peacock, David and Blue, L.K. (eds.) The Ancient Red Sea Port of Adulis, Eritrea Report of the Eritro-British Expedition, 2004-5. Oxford, GB, Oxbow Books, 19-32.
Earl, Graeme and Keay, Simon (2006) Urban connectivity of Iberian and Roman towns in southern Spain: a network analysis approach. In, Clark, Jeffrey (ed.) Computer Applications and Quantitative Methods in Archaeology, Proceedings of the 34th Conference, Fargo, North Dakota, SUA, March 2006. 34th Computer Applications and Quantitative Methods in Archaeology Conference London, UK, Archaeopress. (BAR International Series 1230). (In Press).
Keay, Simon and Earl, Graeme (2006) Inscriptions and social networks in western Baetica. In, Sartori, Antonio and Valvo, Alfredo (eds.) Hiberia Italia, Italia-Hiberia. Hiberia-Italia, Italia-Hiberia: Convegno Internazionale di Epigrafia e Storia Antica Milan, Italy, Cisalpino, 269-290. (Acta et Studia 2).
Earl, G.P. (2006) At the edges of the lens: photography, graphical constructions and cinematography. In, Daley, Patrick and Evans, Thomas L. (eds.) Digital Archaeology: Bridging Method and Theory. London, UK, Routledge, 191-209.
Keay, S.J. and Earl, G.P.E. (2006) Structuring of the provincial landscape: the towns of central and western Baetica in their geographical context. In, Cruz Andreotti, Gonzalo, Le Roux, Patrick and Moret, Pierre (eds.) La invención de una geografía de la Península Ibérica: II La época imperal. La invención de una geografía de la Península Ibérica II. La época imperial. Madrid, Spain, Casa de Velazquez, 305-358.
Earl, G.P. (2004) Video killed engaging VR? Computer visualizations on the TV screen Graeme Earl. In, Smiles, Sam (ed.) Envisioning the Past: Archaeology and the Image. Malden, US, Oxford, GB, Wiley-Blackwell, 204-222. (New Interventions in Art History).
Earl, Graeme and Wheatley, David (2002) Virtual reconstruction and the interpretative process: a case-study from Avebury. In, Wheatley, David, Earl, Graeme and Poppy, Sarah (eds.) Contemporary Themes in Archaeological Computing. Oxford, UK, Oxbow Books, 5-15.

Conference or Workshop Item

Harris, Lisa, Costa, Cristina, Harvey, Fiona and Earl, G. (2013) Curriculum innovation: living and working on the web. In, Enhancement and Innovation in Higher Education, Glasgow, GB,
Byatt, Dorothy, Beale, Gareth, Hitchcock, Steve, Pagi, Hembo, Scott, Mark, Cox, Simon J., Earl, Graeme and White, Wendy (2013) Working collaboratively with PhD and early career researchers: agents for change. At 8th International Digital Curation Conference "Infrastructure, Intelligence, Innovation: Driving the Data Science Agenda", Amsterdam, NL, 14 - 16 Jan 2013. 1pp.
Harris, Lisa, Earl, Graeme, Beale, Nicole, Phethean, Christopher and Brughmans, Tom (2012) Building personal learning networks through event-based social media: a case study of the SMiLE project. In, Personal Learning Environment (PLE) Conference, Alveiro, 11 - 13 Jul 2012.
Nurmikko, Terhi, Dahl, Jacob, Gibbins, Nicholas and Earl, Graeme (2012) Citizen science for cuneiform studies. In, ACM Web Science 2012, Evanston, US, 6pp.
Jewell, Michael O., Costanza, Enrico, Frankland, Tom, Earl, Graeme and Moreau, Luc (2012) The Xeros data model: tracking interpretations of archaeological finds. In, IPAW 2012 - 4th International Provenance and Annotation Workshop, Santa Barbara, US, 18 - 22 Jun 2012. 14pp. (doi:10.1007/978-3-642-34222-6_11).
Takeda, Kenji, Brown, Mark, Coles, Simon, Carr, Les, Earl, Graeme, Frey, Jeremy, Hancock, Peter, White, Wendy, Nichols, Fiona, Whitton, Michael, Gibbs, Harry, Fowler, Christine, Wake, Pam and Patterson, Steve (2010) Data management for all: the Institutional Data Management Blueprint Project. In, 6th International Digital Curation Conference, Chicago, US, 12pp.
Mudg, M., Schroer, C., Earl, G., Martinez, K, Pagi, H., Toler-Franklin, C., Rusinkiewicz, S., Palma, G., Wachowiak, M., Ashey, M., Mathews, N, Noble, T. and Dellepian, M. (2010) Principles and practices of robust, photography-based digital imaging techniques for museums. In, 11th VAST International Symposium on Virtual Reality, Archaeology and Cultural Heritage, Paris, FR, 21 - 24 Sep 2010.
Earl, Graeme, Beale, Gareth, Martinez, Kirk and Pagi, Hembo (2010) Polynomial texture mapping and related imaging technologies for the recording, analysis and presentation of archaeological materials. In, ISPRS Commission V Midterm Symposium, Newcastle, UK, 6pp.
Isaksen, Leif, Martinez, Kirk, Gibbins, Nicholas, Earl, Graeme and Keay, Simon (2010) Interoperate with whom? formality, archaeology and the semantic web. At Web Science Conference 2010 (WebSci10), Raleigh, US, 26 - 27 Apr 2010. 1pp.
Chrysanthi, Angeliki and Earl, Graeme (2010) Management of archaeological walks and emerging technologies: building up a framework. In, Computer Applications and Quantitative Methods in Archaeology 2010 (CAA 20010), Granada, ES, 06 - 09 Apr 2010. 5pp.
Isaksen, Leif, Martinez, Kirk and Earl, Graeme (2009) Archaeology, formality & the CIDOC CRM. In, Interconnected Data Worlds: Workshop on the Implementation of the CIDOC-CRM, Berlin, Germany, 23 - 24 Nov 2009. 24pp.
Earl, Graeme, Beale, Gareth, Happa, Jassim, Williams, Mark, Turley, Glen, Martinez, Kirk and Chalmers, Alan (2009) A re-painted amazon. In, EVA 2009, United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, GB, 06 - 08 Jul 2009. 10pp.
Papadopoulos, Constantinos and Earl, Graeme (2009) Structural and lighting models for the Minoan Cemetery at Phourni, Crete. In, The 10th International Symposium on Virtual Reality, Archaeology and Cultural Heritage VAST (2009), 22 - 25 Sep 2009. Eurographics Association, 57-64. (doi:10.2312/VAST/VAST09/057-064).
Earl, Graeme (2009) Physical and photo-realism: the Herculaneum Amazon. In, Arqueologica 2.0, Seville, Spain, 16 - 19 Jun 2009. (In Press).
Earl, Graeme (2009) Evaluating Gismondi's representation of Portus, the port of imperial Rome. At Arqueologica 2.0, Seville, Spain, 16 - 19 Jun 2009.
Keay, Simon, Hay, S.A., Earl, Graeme, Strutt, K.D., Ogden, J. and Kay, S. (2008) The potential of archaeological geophysics: the work of the British School at Rome in Italy. In, Geofisica per l’Archeologia: Possibilita e Limiti, Rome, Italy, 10 Dec 2008. 19pp.
Earl, Graeme (2005) Texture viewsheds: spatial summaries of built archaeological spaces derived from global light mapping. In, The 11th International Conference on Virtual Systems and Multimedia (VSMM), Ghent, Belgium, 03 - 07 Oct 2005.

Monograph

Keay, S., Earl, G., Ogden, J. and Strutt, K. (2012) Portus 3. The topography and geophysical survey. , British School at Rome (Archaeological Monograph of the British School at Rome). (Submitted)
Earl, Graeme, White, Wendy and Wake, Pam (2011) IDMB archaeology case study: Summary. Southampton, GB, University of Southampton, 12pp.
Keay, S., Earl, G. and Felici, F. (2011) Portus I. The excavations. Rome, IT, British School at Rome (Archaeological Monograph of the British School at Rome). (Submitted)
 

Research

Research Interests

I am focused on inter- and multi-disciplinary research methods and their impact on academic practice. These are loosely structured around University-wide interests in interdisciplinary digital practice (within the DE USRG), at a more local level in the digital humanities (within sotonDH) and cultural heritage computing, and within the department of archaeology on archaeological computing (with ACRG). These three areas interact and I enjoy working across disciplines and indeed institutions.

You can learn more about my research at my Digital Economy page.

Research projects

Portus

The Portus Project is guided by two main objectives.  Firstly, it seeks to build a better understanding of Portus itself, as well as its relationship to Ostia, Rome, and the rest of the Mediterranean.  Secondly, it aims to develop techniques that will enhance the ways in which highly complex classical sites can be investigated and recorded, and evaluate the impact of those techniques.

Parnassus Project

PARNASSUS is an interdisciplinary collaboration between the University of Southampton, UCL and the University of Bristol that is investigating the adverse environmental effects and adaptation measures needed for the protection of cultural heritage from climate change impact.

PATINA Project

The PATINA project explores Personal Architectonics Through Interactions with Artifacts.  It is  a 3 year project funded through the EPSRC and the AHRC through the RCUK Digital Economy Initiative.  This project involves partnership from Microsoft Research, Nokia Research and the Victoria and Albert Museum.

Teaching Responsibilities

PhD Supervision

I am currently supervising PhDs on the following topics:

  • Digital simulation of domestic occupation in the Greek Neolithic
  • Cuneiform and the Semantic Web
  • Physically accurate rendering and Roman polychromy
  • Archaeological fieldwork, hierarchies and disruptive technologies
  • Visitor route design, pathways and digital mobile guides
  • Visualising the Port of Pozzuoli
  • Mobile tools for visitor education
  • Survey methods and the simulation of Winchester Cathedral

I am also a supervisor in the Web Science Doctoral Training Centre and advise a range of students here and in other areas.

Contact

Dr Graeme Earl
Faculty of Humanities
University of Southampton
Avenue Campus
Highfield
Southampton
SO17 1BF
United Kingdom

Room Number: 65A/3037

Telephone: (023) 8059 2911
Facsimile: (023) 8059 3032
Email: graeme.earl@soton.ac.uk