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The University of Southampton
Southampton Education School

Research project: Reaching the hard to reach: inclusive responses to diversity through child-teacher dialogue

Currently Active: 

‘Reaching the hard to reach: inclusive responses to diversity through child-teacher dialogue’, 2017-2020, funded by the European Union, Erasmus+, Key Action 2, School Education Strategic Partnerships, Development of Innovation.   The project involved five universities and thirty primary schools, from five countries: Austria, Denmark, England, Portugal and Spain.

Dates: September 2017 – December 2020

The central purpose of this three-year project was to develop effective strategies for including all children in lessons, particularly those who might be seen as ‘hard to reach’.   The research led to the development of Inclusive Inquiry, an approach that involves dialogues between children and teachers to develop inclusive lessons. A set of materials have been prepared in five languages to help schools to implement the approach.  These include: Inclusive Inquiry Guide; Preparing students to be Researchers: A Guidance Manual; Accounts of Developments in the five country networks; Students’ Voices Toolkit; Guidance Document for monitoring Teachers’ Thinking and Practices; Guidance Document for monitoring Students’ Engagement.

For more information, and to download for free the materials, please follow the link.


Messiou, K., & Ainscow, M. (2020). Inclusive Inquiry: student-teacher dialogue as a means of promoting inclusion in schools. British Educational Research Journal, 1-18. DOI: 10.1002/berj.3602

Messiou, K., Ainscow, M., Galbally, L., & Page, R. (2020) Primary school children becoming researchers: The use of Inclusive Inquiry, Impact

Messiou, K. (2019). The missing voices: students as a catalyst for promoting inclusive education. International Journal of Inclusive Education. DOI: 10.1080/13603116.2019.1623326

Hedegaard-Soerensen, L. & Penthin Grumloese, S. (2020) Student-teacher dialogue for lesson planning: inclusion in the context of national policy and local culture, Nordic Journal of Studies in Educational Policy, 6:1, 25-36, DOI:10.1080/20020317.2020.1747376

Sandoval Mena, M., Simón Rueda, C. y, Echeita Sarrionandia, G. (2020). ¿Qué me ayuda a aprender y participar?: Herramientas para recoger las voces de los estudiantesRevista de Educación Inclusiva, 13(1), 12-27.

Related research groups

Centre for Research in Inclusion
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