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The University of Southampton

DEMO2004 Migration

Module Overview

The aim of this course is to provide you with a basic understanding of the causes underlying patterns of human migration and the subsequent consequences on population change and composition. In addition, you will be taught some analytical skills so that you may do a migration study of your own.

Aims and Objectives

Module Aims

• Identify historical and more recent migration patterns between various parts of the world, with particular emphasis on the UK and Europe. • Describe and explain theories put forward for the initiation and perpetuation of migration. • Examine spatial, demographic, economic, social and political aspects of migration in various contexts. • Apply simple numerical techniques to study selected aspects of migration. • Analyse the impact of migration on both origin and destination countries. • Evaluate polices that might encourage or limit migration flows, as well as various possible scenarios of future migration.

Learning Outcomes

Learning Outcomes

Having successfully completed this module you will be able to:

  • Critically read results of previous research
  • Present and evaluate arguments, explanations and theoretical perspectives, and discussing alternative viewpoints through written work
  • Apply basic numerical techniques to solve practical or theoretical problems
  • Self-management by combining your learning in lectures, seminar discussions and independent study


The material covers ideas from many disciplines. Migration represents movement across space, influencing and changing the environments of both the origin and destination locations (geography). It is both affected by and affects population structures and compositions (demography). Migration is often caused by individual or household decisions for gains in economic welfare (economics), whilst being encouraged, controlled, or restricted by states (political science). Migration involves motives for leaving and adaptation to new societies (social psychology), and affects social and cultural systems (sociology). These issues (and more) are included in the topics and discussions contained in this course. In particular, we will be looking at the causes and consequences of migration, major population movements in history, current trends, data and measurement, migration and the labour market, brain drain and remittances, life course motivations, social networks and ethnic population change, migration analyses, refugees and asylum seekers, and migration policies.

Learning and Teaching

Teaching and learning methods


Independent Study122
Total study time150

Resources & Reading list

Winder R (2004). Bloody foreigners: The story of immigration to Britain. 

Zlotnik H (1987). The concept of international migration as reflected in data collection systems. International Migration Review. ,21 , pp. 925-946.

King R, Black R, Collyer M, Fielding A and Skeldon R (2010). The Atlas of Human Migration. 

Castles S and Miller MJ (2009). The age of migration: International population movements in the modern world. 

Raymer J and A Rogers ( (2007). Using Age and Spatial Flow Structures in the Indirect Estimation of Migration Streams. Demography,. ,44 , pp. 199–223.

Bell M, Blake M, Boyle P, Duke-Williams O, Rees P, Stillwell J and Hugo G (2002). Cross-national comparison of internal migration: Issues and measures. Journal of the Royal Statistical Society, Series A. ,165 , pp. 435-464.

Geist C and McManus PA (2008). Geographical mobility over the life course: Motivations and implications.. Population, Space and Place. ,14 , pp. 283-303.

King, R (2002). Towards a New Map of European Migration. International Journal of Population Geography. ,8 , pp. 89–106.

Massey DS, J Arango, G Hugo, A Kouaouci, A Pellegrino and JE Taylor. (1993). Theories of international migration: A review and appraisal.. Population and Development Review. ,19 , pp. 431-466.

Arango J (2010). Explaining migration: a critical view. International Social Science Journal. ,52 , pp. 283–296.

UNHCR (2006). The state of the world's refugees: Human displacement in the new millennium. 



MethodPercentage contribution
Essay  (2000 words) 40%
Exam  (2 hours) 60%


MethodPercentage contribution
Exam  (120 minutes) 100%

Repeat Information

Repeat type: Internal & External

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