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The University of Southampton

DEMO2004 Migration

Module Overview

The aim of this course is to provide you with a basic understanding of the causes underlying patterns of human migration and the subsequent consequences on population change and composition. In addition, you will be taught some analytical skills so that you may do a migration study of your own.

Aims and Objectives

Learning Outcomes

Learning Outcomes

Having successfully completed this module you will be able to:

  • Critically read results of previous research
  • Present and evaluate arguments, explanations and theoretical perspectives, and discussing alternative viewpoints through written work
  • Apply basic numerical techniques to solve practical or theoretical problems
  • Self-management by combining your learning in lectures, seminar discussions and independent study


The material covers ideas from many disciplines. Migration represents movement across space, influencing and changing the environments of both the origin and destination locations (geography). It is both affected by and affects population structures and compositions (demography). Migration is often caused by individual or household decisions for gains in economic welfare (economics), whilst being encouraged, controlled, or restricted by states (political science). Migration involves motives for leaving and adaptation to new societies (social psychology), and affects social and cultural systems (sociology). These issues (and more) are included in the topics and discussions contained in this course. In particular, we will be looking at the causes and consequences of migration, major population movements in history, current trends, data and measurement, migration and the labour market, brain drain and remittances, life course motivations, social networks and ethnic population change, migration analyses, refugees and asylum seekers, and migration policies.

Learning and Teaching

Teaching and learning methods


Independent Study122
Total study time150

Resources & Reading list

Castles S and Miller MJ (2009). The age of migration: International population movements in the modern world. 

Bell M, Blake M, Boyle P, Duke-Williams O, Rees P, Stillwell J and Hugo G (2002). Cross-national comparison of internal migration: Issues and measures. Journal of the Royal Statistical Society, Series A. ,165 , pp. 435-464.

Winder R (2004). Bloody foreigners: The story of immigration to Britain. 

Raymer J and A Rogers ( (2007). Using Age and Spatial Flow Structures in the Indirect Estimation of Migration Streams. Demography,. ,44 , pp. 199-223.

King, R (2002). Towards a New Map of European Migration. International Journal of Population Geography. ,8 , pp. 89-106.

Zlotnik H (1987). The concept of international migration as reflected in data collection systems. International Migration Review. ,21 , pp. 925-946.

King R, Black R, Collyer M, Fielding A and Skeldon R (2010). The Atlas of Human Migration. 

Massey DS, J Arango, G Hugo, A Kouaouci, A Pellegrino and JE Taylor. (1993). Theories of international migration: A review and appraisal.. Population and Development Review. ,19 , pp. 431-466.

UNHCR (2006). The state of the world's refugees: Human displacement in the new millennium. 

Arango J (2010). Explaining migration: a critical view. International Social Science Journal. ,52 , pp. 283-296.

Geist C and McManus PA (2008). Geographical mobility over the life course: Motivations and implications.. Population, Space and Place. ,14 , pp. 283-303.



MethodPercentage contribution
Essay  (2000 words) 40%
Exam  (2 hours) 60%


MethodPercentage contribution
Exam  (120 minutes) 100%

Repeat Information

Repeat type: Internal & External


Costs associated with this module

Students are responsible for meeting the cost of essential textbooks, and of producing such essays, assignments, laboratory reports and dissertations as are required to fulfil the academic requirements for each programme of study.

In addition to this, students registered for this module typically also have to pay for:

Books and Stationery equipment

Recommended texts for this module may be available in limited supply in the University Library and students may wish to purchase reading texts as appropriate.

Please also ensure you read the section on additional costs in the University’s Fees, Charges and Expenses Regulations in the University Calendar available at

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