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ELEC6252 Future Wireless Techniques

Module Overview

This course covers some advanced techniques that have the potential for application in the future generations of wireless communications systems. Recently, the research and development in wireless communications have been focused on the techniques for the fifth generation (5G) wireless systems. Therefore, this course will cover a few of the key techniques proposed for the 5G wireless systems. The course begins with a review of the fundamentals of multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO), followed by analysing the potential of MIMO for meeting the requirements of future wireless systems. Next, it considers a range of technical options for MIMO transceiver optimisation. Built on the above theoretical foundation, the course then covers the multi-user MIMO and massive MIMO, with the emphasis on their principles, characteristics, and implementation challenges. Next, it considers the principles of full-duplex, addressing the self-interference cancellation techniques for full duplex systems, and examines the potential of full-duplex for wireless system design. Next, the course’s focus is on the non-orthogonal multiple-access (NOMA), which is a technique allowing densely deployed users (devices) to simultaneously transmit their information. Then, the course moves to the principles of cooperative communications, which cover relay communications, multicell cooperation and cooperative MIMO. The final part of the course covers the millimetre wave (MmWave) communications. This part first provides an overview of MmWave communications. Then, it exams the fundamentals of ultrawideband (UWB) communications by considering issues such as, UWB signalling, modulation, coding, equalisation, etc. Next, it characterises the MmWave channels with the emphasis on its differences from the conventional radio frequency (RF) communication channels. The course concludes with the MmWave transceiver design, covering mainly the beamforming techniques operated in the analog, digital or hybrid analog-digital domain.

Aims and Objectives

Module Aims

The aim of the module is to introduce students to the most advanced techniques that have potential applications in the future generations of wireless communications systems and mobile networks.

Learning Outcomes

Knowledge and Understanding

Having successfully completed this module, you will be able to demonstrate knowledge and understanding of:

  • Multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO) as well as the related techniques for its implementation.
  • The principles of MIMO and its potential through the capacity analysis of MIMO systems.
  • Multiuser MIMO and massive MIMO.
  • The principles of relay communications as well as the typical relay techniques.
  • The characteristics of millimetre wave (MmWave) channels.
Subject Specific Intellectual and Research Skills

Having successfully completed this module you will be able to:

  • Employ some skills for MIMO transceiver optimisation.
  • Understand the principles and technical challenges of full-duplex, and employ the capability to exploit the potentials of full-duplex for system design.
  • Possess the knowledge of non-orthogonal multiple-access (NOMA), and the skills for designing NOMA schemes for application in ultra-densely deployed wireless systems.
  • Possess the knowledge of multicell cooperation and cooperative MIMO, and be familiar with some uplink/downlink cooperative processing algorithms.
  • Understand the principles of ultrawideband (UWB) communications, and be familiar with the technical solutions for deign of UWB systems.
  • Be familiar with some optional techniques for MmWave transceiver design.


MIMO, Multiuser MIMO and Massive MIMO: - Fundamentals of multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO); - Capacity of MIMO systems, when channel state information (CSI) is known to trans-mitter, to receiver, or to both. - MIMO transmission/detection techniques; - Multiuser MIMO: principles, characteristics and transmission/detection techniques; - Massive MIMO: principles, characteristics and transmission/detection techniques; - Pilot contamination in massive MIMO; - Implementation challenges and standardisation. Duplexing and Multiple-Access Techniques for Future Wireless Systems: - Overview of duplex techniques; - Principles and challenges of full-duplex; - Self-interference and self-interference cancellation in full-duplex; - Full-duplex: opportunities for system design and implementation challenges; - Non-orthogonal multiple-access (NOMA): principles, advantages, and implementation techniques for NOMA; - Signal detection in NOMA systems. Cooperative Wireless Communications: - Principles of relay communications; - Two-hop relay networks; - Multi-hop relay networks; - Full-duplex relay communications; - Multicell cooperative communications: Uplink/downlink cooperative processing; - Cooperative MIMO. Millimetre Wave (MmWave) Communications: - MmWave promise and applications - a new frontier; - Basics in ultrawideband digital communications: ultrawideband signalling, modulation, coding, and equalisation; - MmWave propagation and channel models; - Beamforming for MmWave communications: Analog beamforming, digital beamforming and hybrid Beamforming.

Learning and Teaching

Preparation for scheduled sessions18
Follow-up work18
Completion of assessment task10
Wider reading or practice46
Total study time150

Resources & Reading list

Y. Saito, Y. Kishiyama, A. Benjebbour, T. Nakamura, A. Li and K. Higuchi (2013). Non-Orthogonal Multiple Access (NOMA) for Cellular Future Radio Access. Vehicular Technology Conference, 2013 IEEE 77th. , pp. 1-5.

R.S. Zahidur (2015). Cooperative Wireless Communications and Networking Paperback. 

L.-L. Yang (2009). Multicarrier Communications. 

D. Tse and P. Viswanath (2005). Fundamentals of Wireless Communication. 

J. Schaepperle and A. Ruegg (2009). Enhancement of throughput and fairness in 4G wireless access systems by non-orthogonal signalling. Bell Labs Technical Journal. ,13 , pp. 59-78.

I. Robertson, N. Somjit and M. Chongcheawchamnan (2016). Microwave and Millimetre-Wave Design for Wireless Communications. 

S. Haykin (1996). Adaptive Filter Theory. 

K.J.R. Liu, A.K. Sadek, W. Su and A. Kwasinski (2008). Cooperative Communications and Networking. 

A. Osseiran, (2016). 5G Mobile and Wireless Communications Technology. 

T.M. Cover and J.A. Thomas (1991). Elements of Information Theory. 

T.S. Rappaport, R.W. Heath Jr., R.C. Daniels and J.N. Murdock (2015). Millimeter Wave Wireless Communications: Systems and Circuits. 

H.L.V. Trees (2005). Optimum Array Processing: Part V of Detection, Estimation, and Modulation Theory. 

C. Oestges and B. Clerckx (2007). MIMO Wireless Communications: From Real-World Propagation to Space-Time Code Design. 



MethodPercentage contribution
Coursework 15%
Coursework 15%
Examination  (2.5 hours) 70%


MethodPercentage contribution
Examination 100%


MethodPercentage contribution
Examination  (2.5 hours) 100%

Repeat Information

Repeat type: Internal & External

Linked modules

Pre-requisites: ELEC3203 AND ELEC3218

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