The University of Southampton

FEEG1004 Electrical and Electronics Systems

Module Overview

It is difficult to imagine what the world would be like without electricity: homes without electric light, without television or radio, without motors to drive the washing machine, the refrigerator and the vacuum cleaner; offices without computers, word processors, telephones and photocopiers. It is almost impossible to think of a railway system without electric signalling and control or a factory production line without electric drives. Wherever we turn we see electricity at work distributing energy, transmitting information, and controlling every conceivable process. While it is certainly possible to build a mechanical system (mechanisms or machines) with mechanical components only (e.g. early steam engines, boats and aeroplanes), it is more common to see mechanical systems comprising a mix of mechanical and electrical components or mechatronic systems. Modern cars, boats, aeroplanes, robots and digital cameras are good examples. Learning the subject of electricity is therefore vital to all engineering disciplines including mechanical engineering, aeronautics and astronautics engineering, acoustic engineering and ship science. Not only that a mechanical/aero/astro/acoustic/ship Engineer need to be able to communicate with other electrical and electronic engineers in a multidisciplinary project he/she will often find themselves having to actually design or operate the electrical or electronic subsystems. The aim of this module is to introduce the subject of electricity and electrical systems focusing on the fundamentals of the subject in the context of applications in the areas of mechanical, aero, acoustic and ship engineering. These application areas are primarily in the areas of measurement and control. The fundamentals introduced in this module will be built on by other subjects such as advanced modules on electrical and electronic systems, measurement and instrumentation modules, avionics and control system modules. Additionally, some of the mathematical techniques applied to circuit analysis are also applicable to the analysis of heat transfer problems, mechanical system dynamics, fluid flow in pipes and others

Aims and Objectives

Module Aims

• Discuss the nature of electricity (electrostatic and magnetic forces), define basic quantities (charge, electric field, current, voltage and power) and introduce Coulomb electrostatic force law, Faraday's Law of induction, Ohm's law and Ampere's magnetic force law. • Introduce electric circuit theory including circuit elements, Kirchhoff's laws, and circuit analysis techniques. • Introduce op-amps, diodes and transistor circuits. • Introduce digital logic circuits. • Introduce the concept of phasors and its application to the analysis of AC circuits. • Introduce some application of electrical systems in measurement systems (transducers), signal conditioning and control. • Provide an introduction to electric machines and the principle of operation of synchronous generator and the DC motor.

Learning Outcomes

Knowledge and Understanding

Having successfully completed this module, you will be able to demonstrate knowledge and understanding of:

  • Basic electrical quantities (charge, electric field, current, voltage and power) and laws (Coulomb electrostatic force law, Faraday's Law of induction, Ohm's law and Ampere's magnetic force law.)
  • Principle of operation of common electrical machines including synchronous generator, the DC motor.
  • Principle of operation of transducers including strain gauges, accelerometers, displacement sensors, pressure sensors, microphones and temperature sensors
  • Principle of operation of synchronous generators and batteries.
  • Alternative electricity supplies.
  • Principle of operation of some sensors (strain gauges, thermal sensors, and other mechanical sensors).
  • Basic circuit elements of resistance, inductance and capacitance, ideal sources and their voltage/current relationships.
  • Kirchhoff's circuit laws and their application to circuit analysis.
  • Op-amp circuit analysis, and their applications
  • Diodes and transistors theory of operation and their applications.
  • Fundamentals of logic circuits analysis and design techniques.
Subject Specific Intellectual and Research Skills

Having successfully completed this module you will be able to:

  • Solve simple problems on the application of Faraday's Law of induction (e.g. synchronous generator)
  • Solve simple problems calculating magnetic forces (e.g. in a DC motor).
  • Analyse dc circuits containing resistors, inductors and capacitors using a variety of techniques including solving loop equations and using circuit simplifications.
  • Analyse Wheatstone bridge circuits of strain gauges and temperature sensing resistors.
  • Analyse AC circuits.
  • Analyse simple circuits containing op-amps, diodes and transistors.
  • Analyse and design simple logic circuits.
  • Appreciate the conceptual difficulties of learning and teaching the module content, and be able to effectively communicate the concepts to others.
Transferable and Generic Skills

Having successfully completed this module you will be able to:

  • Apply circuit analysis techniques in other field such as heat transfer, flow in pipe networks control, and mechanical system dynamics modelling.
  • Construct simple electric circuit.
  • Use electrical measurement equipment
Subject Specific Practical Skills

Having successfully completed this module you will be able to:

  • Use Oscilloscopes, multimeters, bench power supplies and waveform generators.
  • Construct electric circuits on bread board.
  • Make measurements of voltage, frequency and current in a circuit.
  • Plot frequency response of a circuit


TOPIC 1: Nature of Electricity: Triboelectrification, electrostatic forces and Coulomb's law, electric field, voltage, current, power Circuit Elements: Ohm's law, Faraday's law, R, L, C, ideal sources. DC Circuit Analysis: Kirchhoff's Laws, writing loop equations, circuit simplification (series, parallel), Thevenin theorem, superposition theorem. Lectures in Southampton: Peter Glynne-Jones Number of Lectures: 8 TOPIC 2: Diodes and Transistors. Diode V-I characteristics: Rectification. Ripple reduction. Regulation. Zener diode. Diode clamps and limiters. Transistors as switches (BJT, MOSFET). Operational Amplifiers. Characteristics: Golden rules for op-amp circuit analysis. Op-amp as a comparator, inverting amplifier, non-inverting amplifier, differential amplifier, summing amplifier, integrator, differentiator. Introduction to Digital Electronics: Boolean Algebra, Combinational Logic circuits (Karnaugh Maps), sequential logic circuits. Lectures in Southampton: John Mills Number of Lectures: 10 TOPIC 3: AC circuit analysis: Phasors. AC circuit analysis examples. Application to filter circuits. Power, reactive power and power factor Lectures in Southampton: Zhan Shu Number of Lectures: 8 TOPIC 4: Measurement Systems: Transducer characteristics, strain gauges, accelerometers, displacement sensors. Pressure transducers including microphones, temperature sensors. Signal acquisition: A/D converters, Filters Lectures in Southampton: Rob Stansbridge Number of Lectures: 8 TOPIC 5: Introduction to Electrical Machines and Transformers: Faraday's law, magnetic force production, synchronous generator, DC machines. Lectures in Southampton: Xize Niu Number of Lectures: 8

Learning and Teaching

Teaching and learning methods

• Lectures for the whole class • Feedback Workshops (Tutorials) for small groups. • laboratory sessions - Oscilloscopes, waveforms and filters experiment - Familiarisation oscilloscopes and signal generators. Measurement of frequency response of low pass and high pass RC filters. Use of diodes to produce full wave and half wave rectification. - Operational amplifiers and Logic circuit experiment - Familiarisation with op-amps, use of op-amps as amplifiers, comparators, zero crossing detectors and summers. Learning activities include • Self-study • Solving example sheet problems • Solving assignments Relationship between the teaching, learning and assessment methods and the planned learning outcomes In the lecture sessions, basic theory is explained and illustrated by example, with references to relevant applications. The students learn the material by attempting to solve the tutorial sheets, which are also discussed during the Feedback Workshop (Tutorial) sessions. At the end of each workshops the students submit a solution to one of the problems. These are marks and returned with feedback comments at the start of the following workshop. In the laboratory session the students learn how to use the different instruments and how to build simple electric circuits. They write a report that briefly describes the experiment, presents and discusses the results. The report is assessed and feedback is given to the students. The students are assessed by a 1 hour mid-sessional test in January/February, and 2 hour examination at the end of the course in May/June. Feedback is given on the script of the mid-sessional test, which is returned to the students. Feedback on the final exam is given through the final mark. Students also have the opportunity to view their exam script, if they wish.

Independent Study92
Total study time150

Resources & Reading list

Horowitz and Hill. The Art of Electronics. 

J. Millman. Microelectronics. 

E. Hughes. Hughes electrical and electronic technology. 

J. Turner. Instrumentation for Engineers. 

G. Rizzoni. Principles and Applications of Electrical Engineering. 


Assessment Strategy

The learning outcomes of this module will be assessed under the Part I Assessment Schedule for FEE Engineering Programmes which forms an Appendix to your Programme Specification. Feedback will be available on the formative work undertaken during the module.


MethodPercentage contribution
Part I Assessment Schedule 100%
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