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Courses

MANG6341 Accounting

Module Overview

Accounting based reporting systems can provide powerful inputs into corporate decision making processes. The overall aim of this module is to provide an understanding of the processes and assumptions underlying the generation of accounting data and an appreciation of the techniques available to utilise the outputs of an accounting system. These issues will be examined in the context of internal and external decision makers.

Aims and Objectives

Module Aims

• To provide an understanding of published financial statements and how they can be analysed, in order to draw inferences about the financial performance and viability of an organisation. • To provide an appreciation of costing and budgeting techniques in the context of both tactical and capital expenditure decisions and their role in organisational control systems. • To provide an appreciation of how accounting based data can be combined with other information in order to provide a broader picture of a corporate performance.

Learning Outcomes

Knowledge and Understanding

Having successfully completed this module, you will be able to demonstrate knowledge and understanding of:

  • The purpose, underlying assumptions and limitations of key corporate financial reporting documents including the income statement, balance sheet and cash flow statement;
  • The processes involved in adapting financial reporting practices to a multinational setting;
  • Budgeting and costing systems as a means of encouraging and evaluating managers’ actions;
  • Combining financial and non-financial data in evaluating managerial and corporate performance.
Subject Specific Intellectual and Research Skills

Having successfully completed this module you will be able to:

  • Interpret financial statements and show how a business measures and manages it performance;
  • Identify, analyse and interpret quantitative and qualitative data in an appropriate way;
  • Use appropriate quantitative, qualitative data, financial and non-financial data and techniques to make appropriate management decisions.
Transferable and Generic Skills

Having successfully completed this module you will be able to:

  • Write effectively for business purposes;
  • Manage individual tasks, personal resources and time effectively;
  • Interpret and analyse quantitative data related to business issues, using appropriate financial and/or statistical skills and models to solve problems.

Syllabus

• The form of financial reporting – balance sheet, income statement and cash flow statements • Issues in preparing financial reports – measurement and recognition with particular reference to knowledge based assets and other intangibles, economic substance over form, accounting for groups and changes in exchange rates • Regulation of financial reporting – financial reporting incentives, earnings management, economic substance over form, activities of IASB’s including IASB-FASB convergence project • Univariate and multivariate ratio techniques, relationship between accounting income and equity market value and equity valuation models • Role of budgets and potential conflicts, process of budgeting, divisional performance evaluation, responsibility centres, divisional performance in control and evaluation decisions. • Balanced scorecard - quantification of organisational goals, identification of perspectives and corresponding metrics, ensuring accountability for KPIs or other indicators. • Costing, breakeven, relevant costs, relevant revenues and investment appraisal methods, in order to allocate resources effectively.

Learning and Teaching

Teaching and learning methods

Teaching methods include • Lectures • Informal group work sessions • Presentations • Student led mini-debates. Learning activities include • Exercises on interpretation of financial reports and costing analysis • Evaluation of live company using accounting and non-accounting data sources, requiring preparation of report and presentation • Private study – directed reading and analytical activities

TypeHours
Teaching30
Independent Study70
Total study time100

Resources & Reading list

Thomas, R.M. (2015). Business Ethics and Corporate Social Responsibility: Cambridge- Gourlay- Trinity Lectures. 

Nobes, C. and Parker, R. (2016). Comparative International Accounting. 

Weetman, P. (2016). Financial & Management Accounting. 

Atrill, P and McLaney, E (2015). Management Accounting for Decision Makers. 

Atrill, P and McLaney, E (2016). Financial Accounting for Decision Makers. 

Jones, M.J (Ed) (2011). Creative Accounting, Fraud and International Accounting Scandals. 

Merchant K.A. and Van der Stede W.A. (2017). Management Control System – Performance Measurement, Evaluation and Incentives. 

Nobes, C. and Parker, R. (2006). The Penguin Dictionary of Accounting. 

Drury, C. (2015). Management and Cost Accounting. 

Assessment

Formative

In-class formative opportunities

Summative

MethodPercentage contribution
Examination  (3 hours) 100%

Repeat

MethodPercentage contribution
Examination  (3 hours) 100%

Referral

MethodPercentage contribution
Examination  (3 hours) 100%

Repeat Information

Repeat type: Internal & External

Costs

Costs associated with this module

Students are responsible for meeting the cost of essential textbooks, and of producing such essays, assignments, laboratory reports and dissertations as are required to fulfil the academic requirements for each programme of study.

In addition to this, students registered for this module typically also have to pay for:

Books and Stationery equipment

Recommended texts for this module may be available in limited supply in the University Library and students may wish to purchase the mandatory/additional reading text as appropriate.

Please also ensure you read the section on additional costs in the University’s Fees, Charges and Expenses Regulations in the University Calendar available at www.calendar.soton.ac.uk.

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