Skip to main navigationSkip to main content
The University of Southampton

PHIL2014 Logic

Module Overview

Ever since Aristotle, philosophers have been interested in developing formal systems of logic to refine our ability to distinguish valid from invalid arguments and to further our understanding of the nature of logic and validity. The aim of this module is to introduce students to some advanced techniques of logic and formal systems. The first half of the module is concerned with the system of Statement Logic. In the second half, we will look at Predicate Logic and Induction.

Aims and Objectives

Module Aims

To introduce students to some advanced techniques of logic, including statement logic, predicate logic and induction.

Learning Outcomes

Knowledge and Understanding

Having successfully completed this module, you will be able to demonstrate knowledge and understanding of:

  • the methods of statement logic and predicate logic, including translating arguments into symbolic notation, constructing formal derivations, and evaluating formal arguments.
  • the nature of induction and some techniques of inductive reasoning.
Subject Specific Intellectual and Research Skills

Having successfully completed this module you will be able to:

  • employ the techniques of formal logic in formulating and evaluating your arguments and those others advance.
  • relate the issues this module concerns to issues in other areas, particularly science.
Transferable and Generic Skills

Having successfully completed this module you will be able to:

  • identify, analyse and assess arguments.
  • present your reasoning and the reasoning of others in a perspicuous and rigorous fashion.


The syllabus may vary from year to year. Topics covered may include: 1. The Modern Square of Opposition 2. Predicate Logic 3. The basic notions of Metalogic: consistency and completeness 4. The consistency and completeness of Propositional Logic 5. First Order Predicate Logic: Consistency 6. First Order Predicate Logic: Completeness

Learning and Teaching

Teaching and learning methods

Teaching methods include - Lectures - In-class discussion - One to one consultation with the module coordinator Learning activities include: - Attending lectures - Contributing to class discussion - Preparing for and completing the assessment tasks

Wider reading or practice24
Follow-up work24
Preparation for scheduled sessions24
Completion of assessment task22
Total study time150

Resources & Reading list

Stephen Layman. The Power of Logic. 






MethodPercentage contribution
Examination  (100 minutes) 55%
Test  (80 minutes) 45%


MethodPercentage contribution
Examination  (120 minutes) 100%

Repeat Information

Repeat type: Internal & External


Costs associated with this module

Students are responsible for meeting the cost of essential textbooks, and of producing such essays, assignments, laboratory reports and dissertations as are required to fulfil the academic requirements for each programme of study.

In addition to this, students registered for this module typically also have to pay for:

Books and Stationery equipment

Students will be expected to have access to the course text (approx. £20).

Please also ensure you read the section on additional costs in the University’s Fees, Charges and Expenses Regulations in the University Calendar available at

Share this module Share this on Facebook Share this on Twitter Share this on Weibo

We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. If you continue without changing your settings, we will assume that you are happy to receive cookies on the University of Southampton website.