The University of Southampton
Courses

PSYC1018 Personality & Intelligence

Module Overview

The course covers the topics of personality and intelligence from the perspective of individual differences. Some research psychologists explore the ways in which people are the same, and seek to draw general conclusions about human nature. However, other research psychologists explore the ways in which people differ, and seek to describe the diversity inherent human nature. That is the subject matter of this module.

Aims and Objectives

Module Aims

To acquaint students with several leading theories designed to characterize and explain variations in what people are like (their personality). To acquaint students with several leading theories designed to characterize and explain variations in what they can do (their intelligence). To acquaint students with how theories of personality and intelligence are rationally evaluated and empirically tested, how they have developed historically, and whether and to what extent they are currently supported by scientific evidence. To acquaint students with the basic methodology and statistics used to develop questionnaire measures of personality and intelligence. To acquaint students with the practice of critical analysis and appraisal of popular theories of personality, via a coursework essay in which they evaluate one, and compare and contrast it to theories considered on the course.

Learning Outcomes

Learning Outcomes

Having successfully completed this module you will be able to:

  • grasp the overall general nature of individual differences
  • understand yourself and others better, in terms of who are you, and what your skills are
  • develop capacity to critically appraise popular psychology theories of personality, and express those appraisals in written form
  • grasp many issues and controversies that affect the topic individual differences
  • understand several major theoretical perspectives on personality
  • understand several major theoretical perspectives on intelligence
  • appreciate the assumptions underlying major theoretical perspectives on personality and intelligence
  • compare and critically evaluate major theories about personality and intelligence
  • discuss and evaluate how empirical research can test theories about personality and intelligence
  • understand how to construct scales to assess personality traits and/or mental abilities
  • understand some basic issues in psychometrics (item quality, scale structure, scale, reliability, scale validity)

Syllabus

1. Overview of the Module 2. Personality: An Introduction 3. Psychoanalysis: Freud 4. Psychoanalysis: After Freud 5. Learning Theories I 6. Learning Theories II 7. Social Learning Theory 8. Evolutionary Theory 9. Biological Theories I 10. Biological Theories II 11. Psychometrics and Scale Construction I 12. Psychometrics and Scale Construction II 13. Cognitive Theories 14. Humanistic Theories 15. Trait Theories 16. Intelligence: An introduction 17. Intelligence: Theory and Measurement 18. Interpretations of Intelligence 19. Heritability, Gender, and Race 20. Emotional Intelligence

Learning and Teaching

Teaching and learning methods

Lecturing

TypeHours
Independent Study126
Teaching24
Total study time150

Resources & Reading list

Maltby, J. Day, L. & Macaskill, A. (2013). Personality, Individual Differences and Intelligence. 

Nettle, D. (2007). Personality: What makes you the way you are. 

Deary, I. J. (2001). Intelligence: A very short introduction. 

Assessment

Summative

MethodPercentage contribution
Essay 32.5%
Examination  (2 hours) 65%
Research Participation 2.5%

Referral

MethodPercentage contribution
Examination 100%

Repeat Information

Repeat type: Internal & External

Linked modules

In the year 2017/2018, assessment has been modified to include an coursework essay in the place of the discussion question in the examination.

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