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SESM2017 Thermodynamics

Module Overview

Enables students to analyse and design advanced power, propulsion, heating and cooling systems using thermodynamic principles.

Aims and Objectives

Module Aims

Enable students to analyse and design advanced power, propulsion, heating, and cooling systems using thermodynamic principles.

Learning Outcomes

Knowledge and Understanding

Having successfully completed this module, you will be able to demonstrate knowledge and understanding of:

  • Theoretical and practical constraints on the performance of internal combustion engines, gas turbines, steam and vapour cycles, and combined cycles. [Contributes to Engineering Accreditation Board (AHEP3) learning outcomes SM1b, SM2b, SM3b, EA1b, EA2b, EA3b, EA4b, D2, EL4.]
  • Fundamentals of combustion. [Contributes to Engineering Accreditation Board (AHEP3) learning outcomes SM1b, SM2b, SM3b, EA1b.]
  • Current technologies for improving the performance of auto- and aero-engines, power generation, and refrigeration plant. [Contributes to Engineering Accreditation Board (AHEP3) learning outcomes SM1b, SM2b, SM3b, EA1b, EA2b, EA3b, EA4b.]
  • Thermodynamic properties of real fluids – including liquid-vapour systems, mixtures, and nonideal gases – and their use in engineering calculations. [Contributes to Engineering Accreditation Board (AHEP3) learning outcomes SM1b, SM2b, SM3b.]
  • Environmental and economic factors driving energy technology. [Contributes to Engineering Accreditation Board (AHEP3) learning outcomes D2, EL4.]
Subject Specific Intellectual and Research Skills

Having successfully completed this module you will be able to:

  • Compute changes in thermodynamic properties due to: mixing, throttling, compression, expansion, heat exchange, and combustion. [Contributes to Engineering Accreditation Board (AHEP3) learning outcomes SM1b, SM2b, EA1b, EA3b.]
  • Determine operating conditions for thermodynamic cycles in order to optimise power or efficiency. [Contributes to Engineering Accreditation Board (AHEP3) learning outcomes SM1b, SM2b, SM3b, EA1b, EA2b, EA3b, EA4b, D2, EL4.]
  • Design machines for improved efficiency using thermodynamic reasoning. [Contributes to Engineering Accreditation Board (AHEP3) learning outcomes SM1b, SM2b, SM3b, EA1b, EA2b, EA3b, EA4b, D2, EL4.]
Transferable and Generic Skills

Having successfully completed this module you will be able to:

  • Analyse experimental data and summarise findings. [Contributes to Engineering Accreditation Board (AHEP3) learning outcomes SM1b, SM2b, EA1b, EA2b, D6, P2, P4, P8, G1, D3b.]
  • Use a computer to perform parametric design studies. [Contributes to Engineering Accreditation Board (AHEP3) learning outcomes SM1b, SM2b, SM3b, EA1b, EA2b, EA3b, EA4b, D2, D4.]
  • Devise appropriate plots for analysis, communication, and justification of design decisions. [Contributes to Engineering Accreditation Board (AHEP3) learning outcomes D3b, D6, G1.]
  • Communicate in a clear, structured and efficient manner. [Contributes to Engineering Accreditation Board (AHEP3) learning outcomes D3b, D6, G1.]
Subject Specific Practical Skills

Having successfully completed this module you will be able to:

  • Undertake experimental evaluation of thermal plant and energy systems. [Contributes to Engineering Accreditation Board (AHEP3) learning outcomes P3, P8, P11.]
  • Evaluate fluid properties manually and computationally, by using the equation-of-state, property tables, or charts. [Contributes to Engineering Accreditation Board (AHEP3) learning outcomes SM1b, SM2b, SM3b, EA1b, EA3b.]

Syllabus

• Introduction to applications of thermodynamics, and environmental and socio-economic factors. • Thermodynamic properties and processes: Thermodynamic properties and non-ideal fluids; analysis of real thermodynamic processes (compressors and turbines, throttles, nozzles, co/counterflow heat exchangers, property change due to combustion); description of combustion mechanisms; chemical equilibrium. • Internal combustion engine applications: Operating principles and performance parameters thermodynamic analysis of ideal and real cycles (including availability analysis); Improving performance, and current directions in engine technology. • Gas turbine applications: Analysis of real gas turbines – Adaptations for power generation (intercooling, reheat, recuperation, blade cooling); gas turbines for aero-propulsion (incl. propulsive efficiency and bypass). • Vapour cycles: Properties of condensable fluids, use of tables, charts and equation of state; Carnot and Rankine power cycles; Effects of steam temperature and pressure, reheat, regenerative feedwater heating, and boiler efficiency. • Boilers and combined cycles: Steam generation in bio-mass and coal-fired power plant; combined-cycles – heat recovery steam generators and consideration of the pinch-point. • Refrigeration and Psychrometry: Refrigerants and refrigeration applications; Mixtures of air and water; Applications to air conditioning.

Special Features

The online videos tutorials are a special feature of this course and they involve video/audio without subtitles. Where required, printed solutions to example questions are available as an alternative.

Learning and Teaching

Teaching and learning methods

Teaching methods include • Lectures including examples and demonstration experiments, with lecture notes provided. • Example papers, example classes, and online problem solving tutorials. • Laboratory briefings • Structured power plant analysis activity with demonstrator support. Learning activities include • Individual work on examples. • Laboratory measurements, analysis, and assessment activity. • Power plant analysis activity: background reading, computational analysis, and assessment activity.

TypeHours
Wider reading or practice60
Tutorial5
Lecture36
Revision16
Supervised time in studio/workshop8
Completion of assessment task25
Total study time150

Resources & Reading list

Cumptsy, N. (2003). Jet propulsion. 

Heywood, J.B. (1988). Internal Combustion Engine Fundamentals. 

Turns, S.R. (1996). An introduction to combustion: concepts and applications. 

Stone, R (1999). Introduction to Internal Combustion Engines. 

Cengel, Y.A., Boles, M.A. (2011). Thermodynamics: an Engineering Approach. 

Rogers, G. F. C., Mayhew, Y.R (1995). Thermodynamic and transport properties of fluids: SI units. 

Software requirements. The Power Plant Analysis Project makes use of Matlab software (available on University work stations) and additional power plant analysis software provided via blackboard

Haywood, R.W (1980). Analysis of Engineering Cycles – Power, Refrigeration and Gas Liquefaction. 

Horlock, J.H. (1992). Combined Power Plant: including combined cycle gas turbine (CCGT) plants. 

Assessment

Summative

MethodPercentage contribution
Examination  (120 minutes) 70%
Laboratory 5%
Lab Report 10%
Report 5%
Report 5%
Report 5%

Repeat

MethodPercentage contribution
Examination  (120 minutes) 100%

Referral

MethodPercentage contribution
Examination  (120 minutes) 100%

Repeat Information

Repeat type: Internal & External

Linked modules

Pre-requisite: FEEG1003

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