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The University of Southampton
EngineeringPostgraduate study

SES-78-169 PhD Studentship: Advanced modelling for spray combustion of novel automotive fuel blends

This PhD project offers a student with a background in the physical sciences, and an interest in development of high-performance computer modelling, an exciting opportunity to contribute to low-carbon energy technology in the automotive sector.

The most promising way in which combustion design can contribute to a reduction in CO2 emissions in automotive applications is a combination of (1) new spray combustion technology and (2) efficient use of novel fuel blends including low net-CO2 bio-fuel derived components. A crucial step in either approach is careful design of the liquid fuel injection process. A main problem in this design process, however, is uncertainty due to evaporation in turbulent flow - which existing models do not adequately address. This forms a major barrier to the development of appropriately optimised engine designs and the identification of promising new fuel blends, and a better model of liquid spray combustion is therefore needed urgently.

The approach taken in this work is to develop a novel statistical model for the coupling between these processes - including the effects of realistic fuel mixtures. Exploiting the University of Southampton's expertise in computational modelling, the new modelling framework will be developed into highly efficient software and, in collaboration with automotive companies, will be validated against high quality combustion data for internal combustion engines.

If you wish to discuss any details of the project informally, please contact Dr Edward Richardson, Energy technology research group, Email:, Tel: +44 (0) 2380 59 4760.

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