Each student undertakes an investigation which includes both practical and theoretical components. The theory component will consist of a critical review of the literature relating to the proposed experimental component of the project. The laboratory work is related to the appropriate degree programme. Each student is assigned to an appropriate supervisor who will advise on and direct the project. The aim of this module is to allow students to carry out an extensive laboratory-based project on a special topic related to his/her main area of study, and to complete a literature survey on a topic related to this area of research.