This module will provide an introduction into the fundamentals of main group and transition metal chemistry, and introduce NMR.
Pre-requisite(s): CHEM1048 and (CHEM1056 or NATS1005)
Aims and Objectives
Knowledge and Understanding
Having successfully completed this module, you will be able to demonstrate knowledge and understanding of:
- Describe the structure and chemical properties of elements in Groups 13-18
- Use crystal field theory to explain and predict a range of properties of transition metal complexes
- Explain periodic trends including variations in electronegativity, oxidation state, metallic character, atomic size and ionisation energy within the periodic table.
- Discuss aspects of d-block element chemistry including dn configurations, oxidation states and trends, Electrode potentials, Latimer and Frost diagrams, Coordination geometries, isomerism, ligand classifications and bonding interactions
- Describe the background to nuclear magnetic resonance, and explain or predict spectral features including chemical shift, coupling, decoupling and isotopomers
Subject Specific Practical Skills
Having successfully completed this module you will be able to:
- Meet the learning outcomes of a co-requisite practical module.
Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy: Basis of Nuclear Magnetic Resonance (NMR) Spectroscopy; Chemical shift, chemical shielding, coupling, decoupling and isotopomers; Application to general molecular species including main group and transition metal examples.
Transition Metal Chemistry: Properties of the d-block elements, ligands, dn configurations, oxidation states and trends; Electrode potentials, Latimer and Frost diagrams; Coordination geometries, isomerism in coordination complexes; Ligand classifications and bonding interactions; Crystal Field Theory; common crystal field splittings (octahedral, tetrahedral and square-planar); High and low spin cases, Crystal Field Stabilisation Energy (CFSE), and its structural and thermodynamic consequences; The spectrochemical series, and other factors affecting the crystal field splitting parameter; The Jahn-Teller effect; Colour, electronic spectroscopy (d¹) and selection rules; Magnetism and determination of number of unpaired electrons;Complex stability and the chelate effect.
Main Group Chemistry: Periodicity – variations in electronegativity, oxidation state, metallic character, atomic size and ionisation energy within the periodic table; Trends in the chemistry of the elements of Groups 13, 14, 15; bond character and strengths; acid-base chemistry, Brønsted-Lowry systems, Lewis systems and donor-acceptor compounds; Trends in the chemistry of the elements of Groups 16, 17 and 18; investigation of their natural occurrence, halides, hydrides, oxides, oxoacids and interhalogen chemistry.
Learning and Teaching
Teaching and learning methods
Lectures, small group tutorials and laboratory sessions.
|Preparation for scheduled sessions||18|
|Wider reading or practice||20|
|Total study time||150|
Resources & Reading list
C. E. Housecroft and A. G. Sharpe (2018). Inorganic Chemistry.
Final exam, tutorials and laboratory marks. The latter are accumulated under the co-requisite lab module.
This is how we’ll formally assess what you have learned in this module.
Repeat type: Internal & External