This module addresses the question ‘What is Cinema?’ through an exploration of how cinema has converged with art and technology from its earliest manifestations to the digital forms of the present day. It traces film’s emergence and continued development through a culture of sensation and the commodification of art, leisure and entertainment in Europe and the United States. You will be introduced to key methods of understanding these developments that will deepen your knowledge of the history of cinema as an art and as an entertainment culture.
Film Studies is an interdisciplinary subject, and this module seeks to develop cinema’s productive interconnection with the disciplines of literature, history, music, theatre studies, visual culture as well as the sciences. In most cases, examples of contemporary film and television will be used to deconstruct this fascinating genealogy of influence and reinvention. Through researching and examining a range of specific historical case-studies you will gain a broad understanding of the constellation of developments and discourses as well as the technologies and aesthetic practices that have helped fashion what cinema is today.
Aims and Objectives
Knowledge and Understanding
Having successfully completed this module, you will be able to demonstrate knowledge and understanding of:
- Demonstrate an understanding of the relationship between technology, art and film across specific historical contexts.
- Use selected research techniques which will allow you to develop your understanding of a range of historical contexts where cinema has converged with or emerged from art forms and technological developments.
- Understand critical methods of analysis of film texts and their connections with the other arts.
Transferable and Generic Skills
Having successfully completed this module you will be able to:
- Organise time effectively
- Write in three distinct registers, a research report, an analytical essay and a comparative essay
- Independently research appropriate resources
- Compose a competent comparison of two secondary sources.
- Communicate effectively
- Utilise research techniques which will allow you to develop your understanding of a range of historical contexts where cinema has converged with, or emerged from, art forms and technological developments and innovations.
- Critically analyse films and academic texts
Subject Specific Intellectual and Research Skills
Having successfully completed this module you will be able to:
- Critically research and analyse film in academic writing
- Engage critically with a range of theoretical materials, films, and cultural products
- Apply this knowledge to specific moments of technological and/or aesthetic innovation
The module introduces you to approaches to understanding the impact that technology and the arts have had on moving image entertainment forms from magic lanterns to digital streaming on smartphones and tablets. The syllabus will highlight specific narrative films that will encourage you to understand the connections these have with other art forms and technologies. The module explores the interactions between film and art forms such as painting, sculpture, literature, theatre, music and architecture. Running concurrently with
this emphasis on aesthetics will be the impact of technologies that have characterised and expanded the definition of what cinema is. These could include examples ranging from panoramas, magic lanterns and optical toys to digital formats of image and sound, interactive video games, 3D and IMAX. Throughout the module the emphasis will be on developing ways of understanding the links between technologies and the arts that have informed cinema and proto-cinematic forms over the last two hundred years.
Learning and Teaching
Teaching and learning methods
Teaching methods include
- specific films and fictional texts form the basis of seminars each week.
Learning activities include
- unassessed group presentations (usually in twos) in seminar.
- a specific workshop to introduce research through on-line archives and databases.
|Practical classes and workshops||30|
|Preparation for scheduled sessions||60|
|Wider reading or practice||60|
|Total study time||300|
Resources & Reading list
Duel. Steven Spielberg. USA. Universal. 1971.
Strangers on a Train. Alfred Hitchcock. Warner. USA. 1951.
Oliver Twist. David Lean. Independent Producers. UK. 1948..
The Others. Alejandro Amenábar. 2001.
Letter From an Unknown Woman. Max Ophuls. Rampart. USA. 1948..
Mood Indigo. Michel Gondry, 2013.
Inception (Christopher Nolan, 2010).
Her. Spike Jonze, 2013.
Se7en. David Fincher. New Line. USA. 1995..
The Conversation. Franicis Ford Coppola. Zoetrope Studios. USA. 1974..
Collateral. Michael Mann. Dreamworks. USA. 2004..
Waxworks/Das Wachsfigurenkabinet. Paul Leni. Neptun-Film. Ger. 1924.
Brooks, Peter (1995). The Melodramatic Imagination: Balzac, Henry James, Melodrama and the Mode of Excess. New Haven and London: Yale University Press.
Henry Jenkins (2006). Convergence Culture: Where Old and New Media Collide. New York: New York University Press.
Nead, Lynda (2000). Victorian Babylon: People, Streets and Images in 19th Century London. New Haven and London: Yale University Press.
Sterne, Jonathan (2012). MP3: The Meaning of a Format. Durham NC: Duke University Press.
Smith, Grahame (2001). Dickens and the Dream of Cinema. Manchester: Manchester University Press.
Kittler, Friedrich (1999). Gramophone, Film, Typewriter, trans. Geoffrey Winthrop-Young and Michael Wultz. Stanford: Stanford University Press.
Musser, Charles (1994). The Emergence of Cinema: The American Screen to 1907. Berkeley CA: University of California Press.
Zielinski, Siegfried (1999). Audiovisions: Cinema and Television as Entr’actes in History, trans. Gloria Custance. Amsterdam: Amsterdam University Press.
Friedberg, Anne (2006). The Virtual Window: From Alberti to Microsoft. Cambridge: The MIT Press.
Brewster, Ben and Jacobs, Lea (1998). From Theatre to Cinema: Stage Pictorialism and Early Cinema. London: Oxford University Press.
Chun, Wendy Hui Kyong and Thomas Keenan, eds. (2006). New Media, Old Media: A History and Theory Reader. New York: Routledge.
Gitelman, Lisa (2006). Always Already New: Media, History, and the Data of Culture. Cambridge: The MIT Press.
Sconce, Jeffrey (2000). Haunted Media: Electronic Presence from Telegraphy to Television. Durham NC: Duke University Press.
Malin, Brenton J (2014). Feeling Mediated: A History of Media Technology and Emotion in America. New York: New York University Press.
This is how we’ll formally assess what you have learned in this module.
This is how we’ll assess you if you don’t meet the criteria to pass this module.
An internal repeat is where you take all of your modules again, including any you passed. An external repeat is where you only re-take the modules you failed.
Repeat type: Internal & External