Dividing humanity into groups is fundamental to how societies have defined themselves and developed. Group identity can be built upon perceptions of difference, developing in opposition to groups which societies or cultures reject. Thinking about how exclusion happens is fundamental to human experience and understanding it is essential for any student of history. This module will focus on the construction of identities in the past with particular emphasis on representation of difference, exclusion, and ‘othering’. Examining class, gender, disability, sexuality, race and religion, 'Us and Them' aims to show how narratives about minorities or under-represented groups have developed and the context that led to such narratives.