As the world responds to the global financial crisis, populist leaders have come to dominate political debate in countries across the world - from India to the United Kingdom to the United States. In engaging with this phenomena, we are faced with a conundrum - if populist leaders represent popular interests then why does the rise of such leaders appear to undermine the national institutions of democratic politics? Why does populism effectively undermine the interests of the people? In this module you will address this conundrum by exploring the advantages and disadvantages of populist politics through short histories of populist movements in the past. This module will empower you with a nuanced understanding of the conceptual and historical background of populist politics in our contemporary world.