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The University of Southampton

HPRS3025 Invasive Cardiac Physiology

Module Overview

This module will consolidate and expand your specialist cardiac knowledge and practice. You will be introduced to invasive cardiology including cardiac catheterisation and cardiac rhythm management (CRM). These invasive procedures detect, quantify and treat cardiac pathologies. Clinical specialists will guide and support you through this fascinating complex world ready for your year 3 clinical placement and work towards becoming a qualified cardiac physiologist.

Aims and Objectives

Learning Outcomes

Learning Outcomes

Having successfully completed this module you will be able to:

  • Evaluate practice and principles of invasive cardiology, including: - Pressure measurement systems - Catheter based procedures - Cardiac rhythm management
  • Discuss the physiology, pathophysiology and pharmacology related to cardiac catheterisation and cardiac rhythm management.
  • Critically evaluate the importance of patient centred care for a diverse range of patients.
  • Demonstrate an understanding and experience of the value of clinical audit in optimising cardiac services.
  • Actively seek accurate and validated information from all available sources with respect to cardiac procedures.


Patient Centred Care - Communication Skills - Consent - Confidentiality - Disability including learning disabilities - Care Pathways for patients with cardiovascular disease Physiology, pathophysiology and pharmacology related to electrocardiography, echocardiography, cardiac rhythm management and cardiac catheterisation - Circulatory control - Cardiac cycle and action potentials - Cardiac output control - Heart failure and its effect on the heart and circulation - Cardiac drugs: affects, functions and application during cardiac procedures - Changes associated with heart disease to invasive measurement and interventions - Acquired heart disease and its effect on the heart and circulation - Basic overview of congenital heart disease - Embryology - Circulatory changes at birth - Common abnormalities which may include - Atrial Septal Defects - Ventricular Septal Defects - Patent Ductus Arteriosus - Coarctation of the Aorta - Tetralogy of Fallot Principles and practice of invasive pressure measurement and cardiac interventions - Principles and practice of invasive pressure measurement - Equipment and set up - Diagnostic and therapeutic cath lab procedures - Operation of equipment and safe use - Catheter use and design (diagnostic and guide catheters) - Identification and measurement of intracardiac pressures (normal and abnormal) Principles and application of management of bradycardia - Indications and contraindications for bradycardia device implantation - Implantation techniques and asepsis - Bradycardia pacing modes - Rhythm management - Simple paced ECG troubleshooting

Learning and Teaching

Teaching and learning methods

Students will learn by exploring material in seminars and laboratory practical’s in conjunction with directed learning. Students will be encouraged to take responsibility for the development of their own learning by utilising a variety of means such as multimedia resources, and the library, and by self-directed development of the study skills necessary to access these resources.

Independent Study325
Total study time375

Resources & Reading list

Barold, S (2010). Cardiac Pacemakers and Resynchronisation. 

Ellenbogen, K (2008). Cardiac Pacing and ICDs. 

Fogoros, R (2006). Electrophysiologic Testing. 

Morton, K (2016). The Cardiac Catheterization Handbook. 

Gunning, M (2007). Essential Cardiac Catheterization. 

Kumar, P. & Clark, M (2017). Clinical Medicine. 

Bono, R (2011). Braunwald’s Heart Disease. 

Chow, A (2006). Implantable Cardiac Pacemakers and Defibrillators: all you wanted to know. 


Assessment Strategy

Both summative components must be passed.


Blackboard-based self-assessment exercises and quizzes


MethodPercentage contribution
Essay  (2000 words) 50%
Exam  (2 hours) 50%


MethodPercentage contribution
Essay  (2000 words) 50%
Exam  (2 hours) 50%

Repeat Information

Repeat type: External


Costs associated with this module

Students are responsible for meeting the cost of essential textbooks, and of producing such essays, assignments, laboratory reports and dissertations as are required to fulfil the academic requirements for each programme of study.

In addition to this, students registered for this module typically also have to pay for:


There are no additional costs associated with this module.

Please also ensure you read the section on additional costs in the University’s Fees, Charges and Expenses Regulations in the University Calendar available at

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