Noise control engineering is concerned with the application of basic acoustics and vibration theory to reduce noise in practical situations. The noise control engineer needs to know how to set targets, how to characterise and quantify noise sources, and how to reduce noise either at source or, more commonly, in the transmission path. Suitable formulae are provided and explained for each of these steps. The main assessment consists of a design calculation study which makes use of these formulae to solve a practical problem. The report is written in a form suitable for a client.
Aims and Objectives
Disciplinary Specific Learning Outcomes
Having successfully completed this module you will be able to:
- use common units of noise measurement, characterise noise sources, be familiar with standard methods for the measurement of sound power
- apply the noise control techniques considered in an integrated way to a practical design case
- select appropriate noise control techniques for the solution of practical noise problems and evaluate their performance
- use appropriate formulae for sound propagation, radiation from vibrating sources, transmission through partitions, absorption by porous materials, vibration isolation and damping, attenuation by silencers
Noise control requirements:
Motivation for noise control, EC directives on machinery noise (2006/42/EC) and outdoor equipment (2000/14/EC), specification of
noise control targets.
Units of noise measurement:
Overview of decibels for sound pressure, intensity and power levels; combining sound pressures (incoherent and coherent); basic frequency analysis including one-third octave bands; A-weighting
and other measures of sound.
Characterization of noise sources:
Physical nature of noise sources, idealizations; acoustical efficiency; frequency spectrum; parametric dependencies including operational speed; directivity; estimation of source sound power (including
engines, fans etc). Summary of sound power measurement methods (ISO 3745, ISO 3744, ISO 3741, ISO 9614).
Sound propagation outdoors and indoors:
Point source and line source; geometric spreading; ground effects; meteorological effects; noise barriers; sound in rooms, reverberant field.
Principles of passive noise control:
Effect of multiple sources and multiple paths; noise path models; control at source; airborne transmission; structure-borne transmission.
Sound radiation from vibrating structures (engineering approach)
Definition of radiation ratio; radiation from monopole and dipole sources; radiation from bending waves in plates; corner modes, edge modes, coincidence; means of reducing radiation ratio.
Transmission of airborne sound through partitions
Transmission loss of a single partition, mathematical derivation for normal incidence; coincidence and
the transmission loss for particular angles of incidence and for a diffuse field (qualitative); double partitions (qualitative); measurement methods for sound reduction index; machinery enclosures using Sabine formula.
Sound absorbent materials and applications:
Surface impedance and its relation to absorption coefficient; qualitative treatment of dissipation mechanisms; practical forms of sound absorber; measurement techniques for absorption (ISO10534, ISO354).
Force and velocity excitation, blocked force and free velocity; vibration isolation - low and high frequency models; damping treatments; effects of damping; structural modification; vibration
absorbers and neutralisers.
Acoustic impedance; insertion loss; reactive silencers: side branches, expansion chambers; flow-generated noise; lined ducts, splitter attenuators; pressure drop; break-out noise.
Learning and Teaching
Teaching and learning methods
This is a one-semester course, normally three lectures per week. Detailed lecture notes are provided and one-to-one assistance and verbal feedback is facilitated through tutorial classes relating to the assignment. Various practical demonstrations are included within the lectures. Blackboard is used to allow the lectures and additional material to be disseminated. Students are encouraged to read supporting texts and a booklist is provided.
|Wider reading or practice||40|
|Completion of assessment task||60|
|Total study time||150|
Resources & Reading list
Key Texts available in Hartley and EJ Richards Libraries..
This is how we’ll give you feedback as you are learning. It is not a formal test or exam.Programming project
This is how we’ll formally assess what you have learned in this module.
This is how we’ll assess you if you don’t meet the criteria to pass this module.
An internal repeat is where you take all of your modules again, including any you passed. An external repeat is where you only re-take the modules you failed.
Repeat type: Internal & External