This module covers the development of the concept and the meaning of the term corporate social responsibility (CSR) and sustainable business (SB); how CSR and SB models are being implemented in today’s corporations, its impact and likely future directions. The module summarises the latest thinking of the strategic significance of CSR and SB, and how CSR and SB go to the heart of the way in which businesses make decisions and conduct their activities. In the process, the module demonstrates how CSR and SB can lead to innovation, new business opportunities and towards solutions to many of today’s long-standing business, social and environmental problems. The module additionally includes perspectives that critique CSR in terms of being about reputation management rather than socially responsible business practices. Content is regularly updated to reflect the challenges organisations face in meeting the transition to net zero and presents latest examples of circular economy approaches.