The global and rapid growth of managing by projects in every sector, industry, and company type has led to the development of pan-sector theories and bodies of knowledge in project management. However, there are specific concerns in managing different types of projects, for instance, large, major or complex projects, especially those with international features. These issues are widespread and embedded in modern project management theories and practice. Therefore, the aim of the module is to familiarise students with the specific nature of projects and the general principals of project management, their attributes, and particular challenges and concerns of such projects will be addressed throughout the sessions. Furthermore, the implications of managing projects and managing organisations by projects will be explored, including the distinction between projects and operations. The broad and varying perspectives of project management’s traditional and contemporary theories, their critiques and applicability will also be illustrated through lectures and discussions.