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The University of Southampton

MATH2010 Statistical Modelling I

Module Overview

Simple linear regression is developed for one explanatory variable using the principle of least squares. The extension to two explanatory variables raises the issue of whether both variables are needed for a well-fitting model, or whether one is sufficient and, if so, which one. These ideas are generalised to many explanatory variables (multiple regression), for which the necessary theory of linear models is developed in terms of vectors and matrices. Checking model adequacy is introduced, e.g. by examining plots of the residuals. Widening the class of models that can be considered by the use of dummy variables for qualitative explanatory variables to assess treatment effects. The methods are implemented using a suitable software and students gain experience and advice through weekly worksheets. One of the pre-requisites for MATH3012, MATH3013, MATH3014, MATH6021, MATH6025, MATH6027 and MATH6135

Aims and Objectives

Learning Outcomes

Knowledge and Understanding

Having successfully completed this module, you will be able to demonstrate knowledge and understanding of:

  • Interpret the output from such an analysis including the meaning of interactions and terms based on qualitative factors
  • Understand how to make a critical appraisal of a fitted model .
  • Use the theory of linear models and matrix algebra to investigate standard and non-standard problems
Subject Specific Practical Skills

Having successfully completed this module you will be able to:

  • Carry out t-tests and calculate confidence intervals by hand and by computer
Learning Outcomes

Having successfully completed this module you will be able to:

  • Carry out simple linear regression by computer
  • Fit multiple regression models using the adopted software package
  • Using a variety of procedures for variable selection


• Analysis of simple data sets, confidence intervals and t-tests; • Regression analysis, simple linear regression with one independent variable in detail, including analysis of variance, confidence intervals, plotting ideas for diagnostic assessment; • Method of least squares using matrix notation, deriving the general results from first principles; • Comparison with simple linear regression. • Multiple linear regression. Examples with two, three and many independent variables; • Model selection; • Indicator variables for qualitative factors - Interpretation of interactions

Learning and Teaching

Teaching and learning methods

Lectures, coursework, problem classes, workshops, computer labs, private study.

Independent Study102
Total study time150

Resources & Reading list

S. Weisberg. Applied Linear Regression. 



MethodPercentage contribution
Coursework 40%
Written exam 60%


MethodPercentage contribution
Written exam 100%

Repeat Information

Repeat type: Internal & External

Linked modules

Pre-requisites: MATH1024 AND MATH2011


Costs associated with this module

Students are responsible for meeting the cost of essential textbooks, and of producing such essays, assignments, laboratory reports and dissertations as are required to fulfil the academic requirements for each programme of study.

In addition to this, students registered for this module typically also have to pay for:

Books and Stationery equipment

Recommended texts for this module may be available in limited supply in the University Library and students may wish to purchase reading texts as appropriate.

Course texts are provided by the library and there are no additional compulsory costs associated with the module.

Please also ensure you read the section on additional costs in the University’s Fees, Charges and Expenses Regulations in the University Calendar available at

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