This module provides a solid mathematical introduction to the subject of Compound Interest Theory and its application to the analysis of a wide variety of complex financial problems, including those associated with mortgage and commercial loans, the valuation of securities, consumer credit transactions, and the appraisal of investment projects. The investment and risk characteristics of the standard asset classes available for investment purposes are also briefly considered, as is the topic of asset-liability matching. The module also provides introductions to the term structure of interest rates, simple stochastic interest rate models, the concept of no-arbitrage pricing of forward contracts, and behavioural economics.
Pre-requisite for MATH6127
Aims and Objectives
Having successfully completed this module you will be able to:
- Define and use standard compound interest functions.
- Describe the main investment and risk characteristics of the standard asset classes available for investment purposes
- Apply discounted cash flow techniques to investment project appraisal.
- Demonstrate an understanding of behavioural economics
- Demonstrate an understanding of the term structure of interest rates.
- Analyse straightforward compound interest problems, and solve resulting equations of value, including for the implied rate of return
- Calculate the present value and accumulated value of a cash flow of equal or unequal payments, at a specified rate of interest, and at a real rate of interest, assuming a given rate of inflation.
- Calculate the discounted mean term or volatility of an asset or liability and analyse whether an asset-liability position is matched or immunized
- Describe how a loan may be repaid by regular instalments of interest and capital.
- Take into account the time value of money by using the concepts of compound interest and discounting.
- Apply discounted cash flow techniques to the valuation of securities, including the effects of taxation
- Demonstrate an understanding of the nature and use of simple stochastic interest rate models.
- Calculate the forward price and value of a forward contract using no-arbitrage pricing
- Demonstrate how interest rates and discount rates change when the underlying time period is altered
- Use a generalised cash-flow model to describe financial transactions
- Simple and compound interest. Time value of money. Rate of interest, rate of discount, and force of interest. Accumulated values and discounted values. Accumulation and discounting of a (possibly infinite) cash flow to a given time, where both the rate of cash flow and the force of interest may be time-varying.
- Relationships between rates of interest and discount over different time periods. Nominal rates, effective rates, rates payable multiple times per annum.
- Definition of the standard compound interest functions and relationships between them.
- Generalised cash flow modelling. Equation of value for a cash flow problem, and methods of solution.
- Loans. Equation of value corresponding to periodic repayment of a loan. Interest and capital content of annuity payments where the annuity is used to repay a loan. Consumer credit transactions. Annual Percentage Rate of Charge (APR).
- Net present value (NPV), accumulated profit, and internal rate of return (IRR) for investment projects.
- Investment project appraisal using NPV and IRR. Real rate of return in presence of inflation.
- Behavioural economics. Expected utility theory, prospect theory, framing, heuristics, and biases. The Bernartzi and Thaler solution to the equity premium puzzle.
- Ordinary shares. Constant dividend growth model of share valuation. Fixed-interest securities. Present value and redemption yield for a fixed-interest security, including effects of taxation.
- Yield curves and the term structure of interest rates.
- Investment and risk characteristics of standard asset classes (Government fixed-interest securities, other fixed-interest securities, equities, etc.) available for investment purposes.
- Discounted mean term, volatility, convexity. Matching of assets and liabilities, immunization.
- Simple stochastic interest rate models. Mean, variance, and distribution function for the accumulated amount of an initial investment, and applications.
- Spot and forward interest rates. Forward contracts. The concept of no-arbitrage pricing and its use in determining the fair value of a forward contract.
Learning and Teaching
Teaching and learning methods
Lectures, problem classes, assigned problems and solutions, class tests and solutions, office hours, and private study.
|Total study time||150|
Resources & Reading list
Hull covers the part of the syllabus relating to derivative securities, though this is also covered by.
Garrett is an essential text and covers all of the syllabus except behavioural economics. Students should obtain a copy. The library holds several hard copies and an electronic copy, which may be freely downloaded. Problems will be assigned from this text..
Kellison, Butcher and Nesbitt, and Broverman all cover similar ground to McCutcheon and Scott..
McCutcheon and Scott covers most of the syllabus, is a good second choice, and, like Garrett, has a.
KELLISON, S.G (2008). Theory of Interest. irwin.
BROVERMAN, S.A., (2010). Mathematics of Investment and Credit. Actex Publications.
WILKINSON, N. and KLAES, M. (2018). An Introduction to Behavioral Economics. Palgrave.
BUTCHER, M.V. and NESBITT, C.J (1971). Mathematics of Compound Interest. Ulrich’s Books.
GARRETT, S.J. (2013). An Introduction to the Mathematics of Finance: A Deterministic Approach. Butterworth-Heinemann.
McCUTCHEON, J.J. and SCOTT, W.F. (1986). An Introduction to the Mathematics of Finance. Heinemann.
BADDELEY, M. (2013). Behavioural Economics and Finance. Routledge.
HULL, J.C., (2014). Options, Futures, and Other Derivatives. Prentice Hall.
This is how we’ll formally assess what you have learned in this module.
This is how we’ll assess you if you don’t meet the criteria to pass this module.
Repeat type: Internal & External