This module will offer an insight into the complexities of the brain and central nervous system. Building from single synapses through to higher cortical functions the module will demonstrate how the structure of the brain relates to normal neurological function. Common neurological and psychological disorders and their pharmacological treatments will be studied in order for students to develop an understanding of pathophysiological processes that may occur in the brain, and how changes in normal brain function can lead to specific neurological signs and symptoms. Students will also consider the sociological and psychological impact of neurological diseases. The module will also build on students’ learning of the locomotor system from Year 1 through consideration of the regulation of movement, and the impact of disease on the bones and joints. Finally, the module will continue their study of immunology, with a focus on the processes underlying autoimmune disease
Doctors work in shift patterns and rotas throughout much of their working lives and to prepare you for such working once you graduate, throughout your programme you will be expected to undertake placements in the evenings and at weekends. This will not be an onerous requirement and will be negotiated well in advance so that students with carers’ requirements will be able to ensure appropriate arrangements are in place for cover. At later stages in your programme, particularly during the Assistantship module, you will be expected to undertake some night working, again in order to prepare you for your future working life.
Aims and Objectives
Having successfully completed this module you will be able to:
- Recognise psychological and sociological consequences of neurological diseases
- Describe the basic principles underlying management options for neurological diseases
- Explain the principles of simple tests of neurological function and interpret the results
- Discuss the epidemiology of common conditions of the nervous systems
- Describe the normal biological structure and function of the central nervous system
- Describe the mechanism of action of drugs used to treat diseases of the nervous system
- Explain the basis of neurological examination and investigation of patients
- Describe strategies for preventing diseases of the nervous system
- Building on the content of Locomotor module, discuss the nature and interrelationship of factors controlling the actions of the locomotor system
- Identify pathophysiological mechanisms underlying neurological and mental health disorders and describe the scientific bases of common diseases of these systems
- Demonstrate appropriate numeracy skills in the calculation and interpretation of quantitative scientific and clinical data
This module will offer an insight into the complexities of the brain and central nervous system. Building from single synapses through to higher cortical functions the module will demonstrate how the structure of the brain relates to normal neurological function. Common neurological and psychological disorders will be studied in order for students to develop an understanding of pathophysiological processes that may occur in the brain, and how changes in normal brain function can lead to specific neurological signs and symptoms. Students will also consider the sociological and psychological impact of neurological diseases. The module will also build on students’ learning of the locomotor system from Year 1 through consideration of the regulation of movement, and the impact of disease on the bones and joints. Finally, the module will continue their study of immunology, with a focus on the processes underlying autoimmune disease.
The major topics covered will include:
Normal Structure and Function
This element of the course will cover the structures of the head and neck as well as the brain and spinal cord including:
- Development of the central nervous system
- Bones of the skull, face and neck
- Muscles of the head and neck including those involved in movement of the eyes, mastication and the tongue
- Macroscopic and microscopic structures of the brain including meninges
- Topographical mapping of function
- Structure of the spine and spinal cord including myotomes and dermatomes
- Blood supply to head and neck
- Cranial nerve anatomy and function linking to cranial nerve testing as part of a neurological examination
- Major sensory and motor pathways
- Anatomy and function of sensory modalities including vision, hearing and olfaction
- Structure of synapses and neural networks
- Localisation and structure of higher cortical function including speech and language, sleep, memory and executive functions
- Control of motor function including the role of the cerebellum and proprioception
- Perception of pain
- Immunology of autoimmune disease
Pathophysiology and dysfunction of the CNS
The mechanisms underlying a number of diseases and conditions of the nervous and locomotors systems will be investigated from both physiological/anatomical and clinical perspectives. Pharmacological and clinical management of a range of conditions/diseases will be considered. In addition, the psychological and sociological impact of conditions affecting the nervous system will be discussed. Clinical topics to be addressed will include
- Chronic Pain
- Traumatic Brain Injury
- Spinal Injury
- Parkinsons Disease
- Alzheimers Disease & Dementia
- CNS Infections
Learning and Teaching
Teaching and learning methods
The module will be taught through a range of learning and teaching strategies which will include:
- Tutor led tutorials
- Practical sessions
- Guided self-study
- Problem solving scenarios
- Group work
- Patient based learning
|Wider reading or practice||76|
|Practical classes and workshops||10|
|Preparation for scheduled sessions||100|
|Total study time||375|
Resources & Reading list
Fitzgerald MJT, Hruener G, Estomih M. (2007). Clinical Neuroanatomy and Neuroscience. Edinburgh: Elsevier Saunders.
Siegel A, Sapru HN. (2011). Essential Neuroscience.. London: Wolters Kluwer/Lippincott Williams & Wilkins.
Snell RS. (2009). Clinical Neuroanatomy. London: Wolterss Kluwer Health.
Crossman AR, Neary D. Neuranatomy (2010). An Illustrated Colour Text.. Edinburgh: Churchill Livingstone Elsevier.
Bear MF, Connors BW, Paradiso MA. (2007). Neuroscience: Exploring the brain.. London: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins.
At the end of year 2 there is a synoptic examination comprising four elements; a written paper, MCQ and practical paper covering material from Renal, Nervous System, Gastro-intestinal System, Endocrine and Life Cycle and Research for Medicine and Health modules. There is compensation between these three components however a qualifying mark needs to be achieved in each of the components. Students who fail any/all of these components will have a supplementary attempt which will consist of all 3 components. A fourth stand alone component of the synoptic exams is a Critical Appraisal which must be passed independently of the other three components and without compensation. Students who fail the Critical Appraisal component will have a supplementary attempt for that component. Students who fail the supplementary examinations will be offered a repeat year.
This is how we’ll give you feedback as you are learning. It is not a formal test or exam.Practical paper
This is how we’ll formally assess what you have learned in this module.
|Part II Assessment schedule||100%|
This is how we’ll assess you if you don’t meet the criteria to pass this module.
Repeat type: Internal