The University of Southampton
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PHYS3002 Nuclei and Particles

Module Overview

Students will learn about Nuclear Scattering, various properties of Nuclei, the Liquid Drop Model and the Shell Model, radioactive decay, fission and fusion. By the end of the course, the students should be able to classify elementary particles into hadrons and leptons, and understand how hadrons are constructed from quarks. They will also learn about flavour quantum numbers such as isospin, strangeness, etc. and understand which interactions conserve which quantum numbers. They will study the carriers of the fundamental interactions and have a qualitative understanding of QCD as well as the mechanisms of weak and electromagnetic interactions. This course provides an introduction to nuclear and particle physics. There are approximately 16 lectures for each section supplemented by directed reading. Lectures delivered using mainly blackboard and with a slight admixture of computer presentation for selected topics. There will be three problem sheets with respective three sessions devoted to going over these problem sheets. Model solutions will be provided after the problem sheets are due to be handed in. The problem sheets also contain non-assessed supplementary questions usually of a descriptive nature designed for deeper understanding of the material.

Aims and Objectives

Module Aims

This course provides a working knowledge of nuclear structure, nuclear decay and certain models for estimating nuclear masses and other properties of nuclei. Also students will become familiar with the basics of elementary particle physics and particle accelerators. They will have an understanding of building blocks of matter and their interactions via different forces of Nature.

Learning Outcomes

Knowledge and Understanding

Having successfully completed this module, you will be able to demonstrate knowledge and understanding of:

  • This course provides a working knowledge of nuclear structure, nuclear decay and certain models for estimating nuclear masses and other properties of nuclei.
  • familiarity with the basics of elementary particle physics and particle accelerators and understanding of building blocks of matter and their interactions via different forces of Nature.
  • Nuclear Scattering, various properties of Nuclei, the Liquid Drop Model and the Shell Model, radioactive decay, fission and fusion.
  • the students should be able to classify elementary particles into hadrons and leptons, and understand how hadrons are constructed from quarks
  • flavour quantum numbers such as isospin, stangeness, etc. understanding which interactions conserve which quantum numbers
  • carriers of the fundamental interactions and have a qualitative understanding of QCD as well as the mechanisms of weak and electromagnetic interactions

Syllabus

Nuclei 1.Rutherford scattering (classical treatment) 2.and nuclear diffraction. 3.Nuclear properties. 4.Binding energies and Liquid Drop Model. 5.Magic Numbers and the Shell Model. 6.Radioactive decay 7.Fission and fusion 8.Isospin Particles 1.Accelerators 2.Forces of Nature (strong, weak and electromagnetic interactions and their force carriers) 3.Particle classification 4.The constituent quark model 5.Weak Interactions (W and Z bosons) 6.Electromagnetic interactions 7.Quantum Chromodynamics (interactions of quarks and gluons) 8.Charge conjugation and parity

Learning and Teaching

TypeHours
Revision10
Wider reading or practice61
Follow-up work18
Lecture36
Preparation for scheduled sessions18
Completion of assessment task7
Total study time150

Resources & Reading list

D Perkins. Introduction to High Energy Physics. 

Francis Halzen, Alan D. Martin (1984). Quarks and Leptons: An Introductory Course in ModernParticle Physics. 

R.A.Dunlap (2004). An Introduction to the Physics of Nuclei and Particles. 

W S C Williams (1991). Nuclear and Particle Physics. 

Online Materials.

Online Materials.

Assessment

Assessment Strategy

Late hand-ins of problem sheets are not allowed. Feedback: There will be three assessed problem sheets. All three sheets count for the purposes of assessment, and mitigation for missed problem sheets requires students to make a request to the Special Considerations Board in the usual way. Model solutions will be provided after the problem sheets are due to be handed in. The problem sheets might also contain non-assessed supplementary questions, usually of a descriptive nature, designed for a deeper understanding of the material.

Summative

MethodPercentage contribution
Exam  (2 hours) 90%
Problem Sheets 10%

Referral

MethodPercentage contribution
Coursework marks carried forward %
Exam %

Repeat Information

Repeat type: Internal & External

Linked modules

Pre-requisites: PHYS1011 AND PHYS2001 AND PHYS2003 AND PHYS3008

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