In this module the fundamental concepts of aerodynamics are introduced. The main focus is on inviscid, incompressible flow, but, viscous effects will be introduced in the latter part of the module. The lectures are complemented by laboratory sessions with relevance to the taught material.
Aims and Objectives
Knowledge and Understanding
Having successfully completed this module, you will be able to demonstrate knowledge and understanding of:
- Understanding of contexts in which engineering knowledge can be applied (eg operations and management, application and development of technology, etc) - P1m
- Understanding of, and the ability to apply, an integrated or systems approach to solving complex engineering problems (EA4m)
- Understanding of engineering principles and the ability to apply them to analyse key engineering processes (EA1b)
- Knowledge and understanding of risk issues, including health & safety, environmental and commercial risk, and of risk assessment and risk management techniques (EL6b)
- Ability to apply quantitative and computational methods, in order to solve engineering problems and implement appropriate action (EA3b)
- Ability to apply relevant practical and laboratory skills (P3m)
- Understanding of the use of technical literature and other information sources - P4m
- Ability to work with technical uncertainty (P8m)
- A comprehensive knowledge and understanding of the scientific principles and methodology necessary to underpin their education in Aeronautics and Astronautics, to enable appreciation of the scientific and engineering context, and to support your understanding of relevant historical, current and future developments and technologies
- Awareness of developing technologies related to Aeronautics and Astronautics (SM4m)
- Ability to use fundamental knowledge to investigate new and emerging technologies (EA5m)
- Understanding of contexts in which engineering knowledge can be applied (eg operations and management, application and development of technology, etc) - P1
- Knowledge and understanding of mathematical and statistical methods necessary to underpin your education in Aeronautics and Astronautics, and to enable you to apply a range of mathematical and statistical methods, tools and notations proficiently and critically in the analysis and solution of engineering problems (SM2m)
Transferable and Generic Skills
Having successfully completed this module you will be able to:
- Ability to identify, classify and describe the performance of systems and components through the use of analytical methods and modelling techniques (EA2m)
Velocity field, streamlines & streamfunctions, Euler's & Bernoulli's equations, vorticity & irrotational flow, velocity potential, role of Laplace equation.
Flow elements and superposition:
Uniform stream, source/sink, line vortex, uniform flow with source, Rankine oval, flow around circular cylinder/doublet, circulation, lifting flow over circular cylinder and Kutta-Joukowski theorem, Kutta
condition, method of images.
Thin Aerofoil Theory:
Vortex sheets, flat plate aerofoil (Glauert intergral, lift-versus-angle of attack, aerodynamic centre & centre of pressure), cambered aerofoil (lift-versus-angle of attack), surface loading/pressure
Finite Wing Theory:
Downwash & induced drag, Biot-Savart law, bound vorticity, horseshoe vortex, classical lifting line theory, application to elliptic & general wing planforms.
Introduction to viscous flow:
Aerofoil flow regimes, types of boundary layers, integral properties of boundary layers, displacement thickness, momentum thickness & shape factor, momentum integral equation for a flat plate (MIE),
power law approximations for turbulent boundary layers, drag on a flat plate for laminar and turbulent flow including transition.
1) Boundary layer lab – measuring velocity profiles of laminar and turbulent boundary layers
2) CFD lab – application of commercial CFD software to flow over an aerofoil
3) Wind tunnel lab for an infinite wing – measuring pressure distribution and integrating it to estimate lift.
4) Wind tunnel lab for a finite wing - measuring lift and drag of a finite wing and assessing its performance
Learning and Teaching
Teaching and learning methods
Teaching methods will include lectures, video tutorials, drop-in sessions and laboratory demonstrations. Learning activities include directed reading, problem solving, report writing.
|Completion of assessment task||12|
|Preparation for scheduled sessions||4|
|Supervised time in studio/workshop||12|
|Wider reading or practice||36|
|Total study time||148|
This is how we’ll formally assess what you have learned in this module.
This is how we’ll assess you if you don’t meet the criteria to pass this module.
Repeat type: Internal & External