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The University of Southampton
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MEDI2043 Endocrinology and the Life Cycle

Module Overview

This is an eight week module which begins with basic endocrinology, moving on to how this is relevant in understanding adult reproductive function. Following this, the module moves on to the establishment of new life - pregnancy and birth - then child development and adolescence. The last weeks of the module focus on diseases associated with getting older, including diabetes and cancer. The module therefore reflects a continuum of human development from conception, embryonic and fetal life, through childhood and puberty, to adult life and ageing and death. Each week uses patient-based learning with access to an online interactive or discursive virtual patient. Students will be able to draw on their experience of seeing the birth of a baby in Year 1. There is a week clear of teaching sessions for students to revise, prior to the examination week.

Aims and Objectives

Learning Outcomes

Learning Outcomes

Having successfully completed this module you will be able to:

  • Describe the structure and function of the major endocrine and reproductive organs
  • Apply scientific knowledge from this and earlier modules to explain clinical features, the results of tests and the effects of treatment in case-based scenarios
  • Recognise environmental factors, nutrition and occupational hazards contributing to disease
  • Demonstrate appropriate numeracy skills in the calculation and interpretation of quantitative scientific and clinical data
  • Interpret the results of, and explain the principles underlying, tests for diseases of the endocrine and reproductive systems, pregnancy and growth and development
  • Recognise the impact of disease and dysfunction of the endocrine and reproductive systems, including pregnancy, on patients and their families, and the scope of care available to them
  • Recognise the normal anatomical and physiological changes of pregnancy for mother and fetus
  • Describe the anatomy and physiology of childhood growth and development
  • Identify the physiological abnormalities and pathological changes that occur in endocrine and reproductive disorders and use them to interpret clinical features
  • Demonstrate understanding of the principles underlying tests of endocrine and reproductive function
  • Demonstrate understanding of the principles underlying tests of growth and development
  • Explain the treatment of endocrine and reproductive disorders and describe management options
  • Recognise the processes of ageing and describe psychological and social consequences
  • Identify and describe the pathophysiology and treatment of disorders of pregnancy, childhood growth, adolescence and ageing

Syllabus

This is an eight week module which begins with basic endocrinology, moving on to how this is relevant in understanding adult reproductive function. Following this, the module moves on to the establishment of new life - pregnancy and birth - then child development and adolescence. The last weeks of the module focus on getting older, including diseases such as diabetes and cancer. The module therefore reflects a continuum of human development from conception, embryonic and fetal life, through childhood and puberty, to adult life and ageing and death. Each week uses patient-based learning with access to an online interactive or discursive virtual patient. Students will be able to draw on their experience of seeing the birth of a baby in Year 1. In order to meet the learning outcomes, the syllabus will contain teaching in the following areas: anatomy, physiology, clinical pharmacology and therapeutics, human genetics, histology, molecular cell biology, nutrition, pathology, physiology, psychology, public health, and sociology as applied to medicine. More specifically the module focuses on: • Endocrinology (week 1): basic endocrinology, pituitary and adrenal function, renal and thyroid health and disease, calcium metabolism, endocrine hypertension. • Adult body in reproduction (week 2): structure and function of male and female genital tracts, contraception, infertility. • Early pregnancy (week 3): implantation, embryogenesis, placental development, immunology of pregnancy, familial genetic testing, infective complications during pregnancy. • Fetal growth (week 4): maternal adaptations to pregnancy, fetal maturation, labour, intra-uterine growth restriction, clinical problems of pregnancy. • Child growth and development (week 5): implications of pre-term birth, lactation, measuring growth, childhood nutrition and obesity, puberty, developmental psychology, sexuality. • Diabetes Mellitus (weeks 6 and 7): glucose homeostasis in health and disease, scientific basis of diabetes, treatment and practical management, diet, short and long term complications, psychosocial elements, Metabolic Syndrome, obesity and physical exercise. • Ageing (week 8): processes of ageing, menopause, cancer, coping with dying.

Learning and Teaching

Teaching and learning methods

• Lectures • Practical sessions • Tutorials • Guided self-study • Independent reflection • Problem solving scenarios • eLearning • Patient-based learning • Multi-disciplinary symposia

TypeHours
Teaching125
Independent Study250
Total study time375

Resources & Reading list

Diabetes on the net. Insulin eLearning.

The standard textbooks on the BM5 Recommended Reading List.

Diabetes UK website.

Faculty of Medicine. Endocrinology and the Life Cycle Module on Blackboard. Food diary for students to complete.

Faculty of Medicine. Endocrinology and the Life Cycle Module on BLackboard. Patient led learning (with links to Virtual Patients):.

Faculty of Medicine. Pathology Interactive practicals (PiPs).

Assessment

Assessment Strategy

At the end of year 2 there is a synoptic examination comprising a written paper, MCQ and practical paper covering material from Renal, Nervous System, Gastro-intestinal System, Endocrine and Life Cycle and research into Medicine and Health modules. There is compensation between components however a qualifying mark needs to be achieved in each of the components. Students who fail any/all of the components will have a supplementary attempt which will consist of all 3 components. Students who fail the supplementary examination will be offered a repeat year.

Summative

MethodPercentage contribution
Part II Assessment schedule 100%

Referral

MethodPercentage contribution
Supplementary activity 100%

Repeat Information

Repeat type: Internal

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