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MEDI2044 Renal

Module Overview

This module will consolidate and build on the basic medical sciences covered in Foundations of Medince and Cardiopulmonary modules of Year 1. In particular, it will focus on the renal system, its associated diseases and treatment options. The module will be studied alongside the MIP2 module to enable students to consolidate their theoretical learning with practical patient based experience.

Aims and Objectives

Module Aims

The aims of the module are to understand the renal and urinary systems. In this module we will cover the normal structure and function of the renal and urinary systems, diseases associated with these and the treatment options available. In addition, the module will also integrate the renal systems with the respiratory and cardiovascular systems from Cardiopulmonary module as well as concepts from FoM and Locomotor modules. The learning outcomes below map directly to one or more of the Programme learning outcomes [as indicated in square brackets] which in turn are taken from the GMC’s Outcomes for Graduates.

Learning Outcomes

Learning Outcomes

Having successfully completed this module you will be able to:

  • Describe how the structure and function of the renal and urinary systems may be affected by disease processes[1.1a]
  • Demonstrate an awareness of the requirements surrounding infection control when performing these tests [3.4h]
  • Further develop professional skills, including independent study, time management, team working and communication [3.2a, 3.2b, 3.2d, 3.3a, 3.3b]
  • Describe the scientific basis of important diseases of the renal and urinary systems [1.1b]
  • Interpret clinical abnormalities in the structure and function of the renal and urinary systems in terms of underlying pathophysiology and their impact upon the cardiovascular and respiratory systems [1.1b, 1.1c]
  • Describe the basic mechanisms of action and use of drugs to treat diseases of the renal and urinary systems and the impact of renal disease on drug action or metabolism [1.1e, 1.1f]
  • Describe the principles underlying the management of common diseases of the renal and urinary, systems and their impact upon the cardiovascular and respiratory systems. [1.1e]
  • Justify the selection of clinical tests used to diagnose illness of the renal and urinary systems and explain their fundamental principles [1.1c, 1.1d, 1.1g]
  • Identify determinants of health and analyse strategies for preventing diseases of renal and urinary systems [1.2c, 1.2d, 1.2e, 1.3b, 1.3c, 1.3d, 1.3e, 1.4a, 1.4b, 1.4e, 1.4g, 1.4i, 1.4j]
  • Demonstrate appropriate numeracy skills in the calculation and interpretation of quantitative scientific and clinical data [1.1f, 1.1g]
  • Broaden the knowledge base for interpretation of blood gases and ECGs developed in Year 1 and introduce the diagnostic capabilities of clinical biochemistry reports and dipstick urinalysis [2.2d]

Syllabus

This module will consolidate and build on the basic medical sciences covered in Year 1. In particular, it will focus on the structure and function of the renal system, its associated diseases and treatment options as well as the impact on the body and patient as a whole. The module will be studied alongside the MIP2 module to enable students to consolidate their theoretical learning with practical patient based experience. Anatomy, Histology & Embryology Clinically relevant anatomy/histology of abdomen, pelvis, kidney, bladder, urethra Clinical Skills How to perform and interpret commonly used diagnostic tests relevant for diseases of the renal, cardiovascular and respiratory systems e.g. urinalysis, ECGs, blood tests etc. Human Genetics Mendelian and non-Mendelian, chromosomal abnormalities, types of mutations in renal disease Molecular Cell Biology/Nutrition Pathways of cellular respiration in sepsis and shock. Acid base balance Microbiology & Infectious Disease Urinary tract infections and infections in immunosuppressed patients Pathology Ischemia & infarction, glomerular & tubular pathologies, nephrotic & nephritic syndromes and CKD Pharmacology Antihypertensives; drug prescribing in patients with renal disease Physiology Acid base balance, blood pressure control, glomerular filtration and electrolyte balance in the renal tubules, pathophysiology Public Health Epidemiology of common renal and cardirespiratory diseases, and primary and secondary prevention Sociology and Psychology (as applied to Medicine) Social and psychological determinants of health and health inequalities

Learning and Teaching

Teaching and learning methods

The module will be taught through a range of learning and teaching strategies which will include: ï‚· Lectures ï‚· Tutor led tutorials ï‚· Practical sessions ï‚· Guided self-study ï‚· Problem solving scenarios ï‚· Portfolios ï‚· Study packs ï‚· eLearning ï‚· Patient based learning

TypeHours
Preparation for scheduled sessions57.5
Lecture48
Revision30
Tutorial7
Completion of assessment task10
Wider reading or practice35
Total study time187.5

Resources & Reading list

The standard textbooks on the BM5 Recommended Reading List.

Helmut G Rennke & Bradley M Denker (2014). Renal Pathophysiology (The Essentials). 

Mitchell B, Sharma R. (2009). Embryology: An Illustrated Colour Text. 

Faculty of Medicine. Pathology interactive practicals (PiPs).

Mitchell B, Peel S (2009). Histology. 

O'Callagham CA. (2009). The renal system at a glance.. 

Davies A, Moores C. (2010). The Respiratory System.. 

Noble A, Johnson RA, Thomas A, Bass P. (2010). The Cardiovascular System. 

The core elearning material.

Faculty of Medicine. Anatomy and histology interactive materials.

Assessment

Formative

Multiple choice question

Summative

MethodPercentage contribution
Multiple choice question 40%
Practical paper 20%
Written paper  (2 hours) 40%

Referral

MethodPercentage contribution
Multiple choice question 40%
Practical paper 20%
Written paper 40%

Repeat Information

Repeat type: Internal

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