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The University of Southampton
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MEDI2044 Renal

Module Overview

This module will consolidate and build on the basic medical sciences covered in Foundations of Medicine and Cardiopulmonary modules of Year 1. In particular, it will focus on the renal system, its associated diseases and treatment options. The module will be studied alongside the MIP2 module to enable students to consolidate their theoretical learning with practical patient based experience.

Aims and Objectives

Learning Outcomes

Learning Outcomes

Having successfully completed this module you will be able to:

  • Describe how the structure and function of the renal and urinary systems may be affected by disease processes
  • Demonstrate an awareness of the requirements surrounding infection control when performing these tests
  • Describe the scientific basis of important diseases of the renal and urinary systems
  • Interpret clinical abnormalities in the structure and function of the renal and urinary systems in terms of underlying pathophysiology and their impact upon the cardiovascular and respiratory systems
  • Describe the basic mechanisms of action and use of drugs to treat diseases of the renal and urinary systems and the impact of renal disease on drug action or metabolism
  • Describe the principles underlying the management of common diseases of the renal and urinary, systems and their impact upon the cardiovascular and respiratory systems.
  • Justify the selection of clinical tests used to diagnose illness of the renal and urinary systems and explain their fundamental principles
  • Identify determinants of health and analyse strategies for preventing diseases of renal and urinary systems
  • Demonstrate appropriate numeracy skills in the calculation and interpretation of quantitative scientific and clinical data
  • Broaden the knowledge base for interpretation of blood gases and ECGs developed in Year 1 and introduce the diagnostic capabilities of clinical biochemistry reports and dipstick urinalysis

Syllabus

This module will consolidate and build on the basic medical sciences covered in Year 1. In particular, it will focus on the structure and function of the renal system, its associated diseases and treatment options as well as the impact on the body and patient as a whole. The module will be studied alongside the MIP2 module to enable students to consolidate their theoretical learning with practical patient based experience. Anatomy, Histology & Embryology Clinically relevant anatomy/histology of abdomen, pelvis, kidney, bladder, urethra Clinical Skills How to perform and interpret commonly used diagnostic tests relevant for diseases of the renal, cardiovascular and respiratory systems e.g. urinalysis, ECGs, blood tests etc. Human Genetics Mendelian and non-Mendelian, chromosomal abnormalities, types of mutations in renal disease Molecular Cell Biology/Nutrition Pathways of cellular respiration in sepsis and shock. Acid base balance Microbiology & Infectious Disease Urinary tract infections and infections in immunosuppressed patients Pathology Ischemia & infarction, glomerular & tubular pathologies, nephrotic & nephritic syndromes and CKD Pharmacology Antihypertensives; drug prescribing in patients with renal disease Physiology Acid base balance, blood pressure control, glomerular filtration and electrolyte balance in the renal tubules, pathophysiology Public Health Epidemiology of common renal and cardiorespiratory diseases, and primary and secondary prevention Sociology and Psychology (as applied to Medicine) Social and psychological determinants of health and health inequalities Professionalism and communication - Use verbal and written communication effectively - Learn independently and manage your time appropriately - Behave professionally to peers, staff and colleagues

Learning and Teaching

Teaching and learning methods

The module will be taught through a range of learning and teaching strategies which will include: • Lectures • Tutor led tutorials • Practical sessions • Guided self-study • Problem solving scenarios • Portfolios • Study packs • eLearning • Patient based learning

TypeHours
Wider reading or practice35
Preparation for scheduled sessions57.5
Revision30
Completion of assessment task10
Tutorial7
Lecture48
Total study time187.5

Resources & Reading list

Mitchell B, Sharma R. (2009). Embryology: An Illustrated Colour Text. 

O'Callagham CA. (2009). The renal system at a glance.. 

Helmut G Rennke & Bradley M Denker (2014). Renal Pathophysiology (The Essentials). 

The standard textbooks on the BM5 Recommended Reading List- Blackboard.

Mitchell B, Peel S (2009). Histology. 

Davies A, Moores C. (2010). The Respiratory System.. 

Noble A, Johnson RA, Thomas A, Bass P. (2010). The Cardiovascular System. 

Faculty of Medicine. Anatomy and histology interactive materials- Blackboard.

Faculty of Medicine. Pathology interactive practicals (PiPs)- Blackboard.

The core elearning material- Blackboard.

Assessment

Assessment Strategy

At the end of year 2 there is a synoptic examination comprising four elements; a written paper, MCQ and practical paper covering material from Renal, Nervous System, Gastro-intestinal System, Endocrine and Life Cycle and Research for Medicine and Health modules. There is compensation between these three components however a qualifying mark needs to be achieved in each of the components. Students who fail any/all of these components will have a supplementary attempt which will consist of all 3 components. A fourth stand alone component of the synoptic exams is a Critical Appraisal which must be passed independently of the other three components and without compensation. Students who fail the Critical Appraisal component will have a supplementary attempt for that component. Students who fail the supplementary examinations will be offered a repeat year.

Formative

Written paper

Summative

MethodPercentage contribution
Part II Assessment schedule 100%

Referral

MethodPercentage contribution
Supplementary activity 100%

Repeat Information

Repeat type: Internal

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