Aims and Objectives
Having successfully completed this module you will be able to:
- Understand the concepts of stratigraphy based on rock types, fossil content, time, or time-rock units and how they can be applied to a variety of geological situations
- Comprehend how tectonic situations affect basin formation, mineral and energy resources, and natural hazards.
- Understand the concept of geological time and methods to determine the age of rocks
- Establish the basic structure and the geological history of a region from a geological map.
- Understand the plate tectonic theory, the origins of forces within Earth and the structures it creates.
- Develop a basic knowledge of GIS and the use of computer software to analyse and interpret geographic and geological data.
Stratigraphy, plate tectonics and basin formation are intimately related topics which form a fundamental basis of knowledge for all earth scientists. By understanding the wide range of stratigraphic techniques that are used to provide contexts for all geological investigations, you will be introduced to the evolution and application of plate tectonic theory and how it has major implications for the understanding of a variety of geological situations, notably the development and nature of sedimentary basins. Practical work, aided by remote sensing and GIS techniques, will involve the systematic interpretation of geological maps as a means of understanding the geological history of a region and exercises of geological and geographical interpretation using GIS computer software.
Learning and Teaching
Teaching and learning methods
Formal lectures: will provide an introduction to stratigraphic concepts (how to read the rocks, time-rock relationships, relative and absolute dating), the plate tectonic paradigm (e.g. earthquakes, plate boundaries, spreading oceans, continental collision); and dynamic basins (tectonic settings of basin formation, basin morphology, sedimentary characteristics). Numerical exercises based on various aspects of the theories discussed will be introduced. This information will be synthesised at the end of the course, where these themes will be set in the context of understanding the distribution of energy and mineral resources, mountain belts, etc.
Practical classes: practical sessions aim to show how the dynamic Earth can be represented on geological maps, and allow you to develop techniques of geological map interpretation through a thorough understanding of how three-dimensional geological features are represented in two dimensions, and provide you with an introduction to the use of ArcGIS during a series of computer practicals Attendance at practical classes is essential as they provide the theoretical and conceptual basis for not only the summative assessments, but also 2nd, 3rd and 4th year modules.
A wide range of support can be provided for those students who have further or specific learning and teaching needs.
|Practical classes and workshops||30|
|Total study time||150|
This is how we’ll formally assess what you have learned in this module.