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Research project: (E4D) Replication of Rural Decentralised off-grid Electricity Generation through Technology and Business Innovation - Dormant

Currently Active: 

Reliable and affordable sources of energy are fundamental not only for wellbeing, but also for economic growth and poverty reduction.

Fulfilling the energy needs of developing countries without compromising the environment is a challenge, requiring imaginative policies and methods. Many rural communities do not have access to the national electricity network or the associated benefits in health and quality of life provided by electrical services such as lighting and refrigeration. The installation of modular energy technologies that can be operated independently provides a solution for these areas.

Kitonyoni roof
Kitonyoni roof

We argue that to implement sustainable rural electrification, three important components are required:

People: Engagement of the local community in determining their needs, aspirations and goals. A thorough assessment of the social, economic and cultural context of the community is essential to identify the most appropriate system.





Product: Selection of technologies that are best suited for the local situation, based not only on the resources available but identification of the wants and needs of the community.

Discussing in Kitonyoni
Discussing in Kitonyoni
PV mockup
PV mockup

Process: The introduction of energy systems must be accompanied by the development of business processes to allow sustainable replication, deliver social benefits and generate wealth for the community.

The Energy for Development consortium consists of Engineers, Social Scientists, Business and Finance experts. The partners within the consortium are:

  • Research Councils UK Energy Programme (EPSRC)
  • University of Southampton: Faculty of Engineering and the Environment, Faculty of Social Science
  • Imperial College, Business School
  • DFID

For further information see

Kitonyoni layout
Kitonyoni layout

Related research groups

Energy and Climate Change
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