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The University of Southampton
Geography and Environmental Science

Research project: Using Internet of Things technology to aid in Earth and Environmental Science Research - Dormant

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The first Internet of Things (IoT) sensing system to be deployed in a Mountainous environment, in the Cairngorms.

Start date: 1/4/2014
End date: 31/08/2016

The NERC funded Mountainsensing project produced the first fully-IP IoT system in a remote location. The system was installed in the Cairngorms National Park, to measure ground stability and hydrology associated with rivers and peat bog stability. We used internet protocols throughout with a low power (40 mW) 868MHz wireless sensor network covering sites 5 km across the mountains. A 6LoWPAN mesh network gave each node a global IPv6 address and linked new nodes automatically. The CoAP protocol provided a low power HTTP-like interface to the data and management (Bragg et al., 2016). An ARM Cortex-M3 processor ran Contiki-OS and minimised power usage. This methodology allowed 24/7 connectivity and data flow for three years. It proved the advantages that low power techniques and internet standards bring to earth science sensing (Fabre et al., 2016; Martinez et al., 2016).

Related research groups

Landscape Dynamics and Ecology (LDE)
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