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Research project

All-Gas: Industrial scale demonstration of sustainable algae cultures for biofuel production

Project overview

The full chain of processes from algal ponds to biomass separation, processing for oil and other chemicals extraction, and downstream biofuel production, as well as the use in vehicles, will be implemented on a 10 ha site. Pilot and demonstration scale facilities are based at Chiclana de la Frontera in the south of Spain.

Wastewater influent and nutrients will be re-used to stimulate algae growth. The specified algae yield of 100 tonnes/ha-year will be obtained by integrating and upscaling innovative systems. The extracted oils will be processed at an existing biodiesel plant (capacity 6000 t/yr of used oils), designed by a consortium partner. With a net oil content of 20 %, enough biodiesel to run ~200 cars is expected. The residual algae will be digested together with the wastewater solids in order to produce biogas and CO2. The biogas will be purified and compressed to serve as vehicle fuel for a number of cars equivalent or greater than the ones fueled by liquids.

Work programme

To reach the enhanced algal yield, additional CO2 will be obtained by the thermal transformation of external biomass (i.e. sludge from a wastewater treatment plant located in the area), together with internal biomass (digestate from residual algae and wastewater solids), to generate flue-gas as heating source for drying the biomass previous to combustion. The options to transform the excess thermal energy generated into electricity to power the systems will be analysed for financial and technical viability. As some key process elements have not yet been proven on industrial scale, the technical risks will be limited by an initial prototype phase. During these initial 2 -3 years, the whole chain will be built and operated with each unit in its maximum size - for instance, two ponds systems of 1000 to 2000 m2 linked to the respective harvesting, processing and digestion. The prototype as well as the future full-scale facility will be investigated for environmental and social impacts in order to maximize sustainability. These results and specific diffusion efforts will allow extrapolation to other sites.


Lead researcher

Emeritus Professor Charles Banks

Research interests

  • Controlled anaerobic and aerobic biodegradation of municipal and industrial solid wastes
  • Concepts for an integrated farming system for non competitive food and fuel production
  • Energy production from digestion of crops and agricultural wastes
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Other researchers

Emeritus Professor Sonia Heaven

Professorial Fellow-Research

Research interests

  • Current research interests are in the use of biological systems for energy production, biomass production for biorefineries and pollution remediation.
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Research outputs

J.L. Mendoza, M.R. Granados, I. de Godos, F.G. Acién, E. Molina, C. Banks & S. Heaven, 2013, Biomass and Bioenergy, 54, 267-275
Type: article
J.L. Mendoza, M.R. Granados, I. de Godos, F.G. Acién, E. Molina, S. Heaven & C.J. Banks, 2013, Bioresource Technology, 137, 188-195
Type: article