SE Asia's CV19 economic recovery plan is heavily reliant on an expanded construction industry, creating high demand for sand across the region. Sand is routinely mined from large rivers and is normally subject to regulation because, if it is removed more rapidly than it is replaced by river flows, it can trigger adverse socio-environmental impacts that hinder development. These include bank erosion - threatening homes and infrastructure - while over-deepened delta channels are also prone to saltwater intrusion. The Mekong delta is already experiencing these problems, but the issue highlighted in this project is that the CV19 'lockdown' - and potentially the recovery - led to an upsurge in unregulated sand mining due to limitations in governance capacity. This research developed novel satellite based monitoring techniques to track sand mining activity and assessed the extent to which it further stimulated bank erosion using empirical data and numerical models. Mapping of exposed populations and infrastructure allowed the team to establish changing spatial patterns of hazard, vulnerability and risk. Ongoing work with team members ad Public Policy at Southampton will use the results to guide remediation efforts and aid efforts to promote stronger regulation of sand mining, both post CV19 and for any future disrupting events (including, but not limited to, pandemics) that could potentially stimulate an upsurge in illegal mining.