This module will consolidate and build on the basic medical sciences covered in Foundations of Medicine and Cardiopulmonary modules of Year 1. In particular, it will focus on the renal system, its associated diseases and treatment options. The module will be studied alongside the MIP2 module to enable students to consolidate their theoretical learning with practical patient based experience.
Aims and Objectives
Having successfully completed this module you will be able to:
- Broaden the knowledge base for interpretation of blood gases and ECGs developed in Year 1 and introduce the diagnostic capabilities of clinical biochemistry reports and dipstick urinalysis
- Describe how the structure and function of the renal and urinary systems may be affected by disease processes
- Interpret clinical abnormalities in the structure and function of the renal and urinary systems in terms of underlying pathophysiology and their impact upon the cardiovascular and respiratory systems
- Justify the selection of clinical tests used to diagnose illness of the renal and urinary systems and explain their fundamental principles
- Demonstrate appropriate numeracy skills in the calculation and interpretation of quantitative scientific and clinical data
- Demonstrate an awareness of the requirements surrounding infection control when performing these tests
- Describe the principles underlying the management of common diseases of the renal and urinary, systems and their impact upon the cardiovascular and respiratory systems.
- Describe the basic mechanisms of action and use of drugs to treat diseases of the renal and urinary systems and the impact of renal disease on drug action or metabolism
- Describe the scientific basis of important diseases of the renal and urinary systems
- Identify determinants of health and analyse strategies for preventing diseases of renal and urinary systems
This module will consolidate and build on the basic medical sciences covered in Year 1. In particular, it will focus on the structure and function of the renal system, its associated diseases and treatment options as well as the impact on the body and patient as a whole. The module will be studied alongside the MIP2 module to enable students to consolidate their theoretical learning with practical patient based experience.
Anatomy, Histology & Embryology
Clinically relevant anatomy/histology of abdomen, pelvis, kidney, bladder, urethra
How to perform and interpret commonly used diagnostic tests relevant for diseases of the renal, cardiovascular and respiratory systems e.g. urinalysis, ECGs, blood tests etc.
Mendelian and non-Mendelian, chromosomal abnormalities, types of mutations in renal disease
Molecular Cell Biology/Nutrition
Pathways of cellular respiration in sepsis and shock. Acid base balance
Microbiology & Infectious Disease
Urinary tract infections and infections in immunosuppressed patients
Ischemia & infarction, glomerular & tubular pathologies, nephrotic & nephritic syndromes and CKD
Antihypertensives; drug prescribing in patients with renal disease
Acid base balance, blood pressure control, glomerular filtration and electrolyte balance in the renal tubules, pathophysiology
Epidemiology of common renal and cardiorespiratory diseases, and primary and secondary prevention
Sociology and Psychology (as applied to Medicine)
Social and psychological determinants of health and health inequalities
Professionalism and communication
- Use verbal and written communication effectively
- Learn independently and manage your time appropriately
- Behave professionally to peers, staff and colleagues
Learning and Teaching
Teaching and learning methods
The module will be taught through a range of learning and teaching strategies which will include:
- Tutor led tutorials
- Practical sessions
- Guided self-study
- Problem solving scenarios
- Study packs
- Patient based learning
|Completion of assessment task||10|
|Preparation for scheduled sessions||57.5|
|Wider reading or practice||35|
|Total study time||187.5|
Resources & Reading list
Mitchell B, Peel S (2009). Histology. Edinburgh: Churchill Livingstone.
Mitchell B, Sharma R. (2009). Embryology: An Illustrated Colour Text. London: Churchill Livingstone.
Davies A, Moores C. (2010). The Respiratory System.. Edinburgh: Churchill Livingstone.
Noble A, Johnson RA, Thomas A, Bass P. (2010). The Cardiovascular System. Edinburgh: Churchill Livingstone.
O'Callagham CA. (2009). The renal system at a glance.. Oxford: Wiley-Blackwell.
Helmut G Rennke & Bradley M Denker (2014). Renal Pathophysiology (The Essentials). LWW.
At the end of year 2 there is a synoptic examination comprising four elements; a written paper, MCQ and practical paper covering material from Renal, Nervous System, Gastro-intestinal System, Endocrine and Life Cycle and Research for Medicine and Health modules. There is compensation between these three components however a qualifying mark needs to be achieved in each of the components. Students who fail any/all of these components will have a supplementary attempt which will consist of all 3 components. A fourth stand alone component of the synoptic exams is a Critical Appraisal which must be passed independently of the other three components and without compensation. Students who fail the Critical Appraisal component will have a supplementary attempt for that component. Students who fail the supplementary examinations will be offered a repeat year.
This is how we’ll give you feedback as you are learning. It is not a formal test or exam.Multiple choice question
This is how we’ll formally assess what you have learned in this module.
|Part II Assessment schedule||100%|
This is how we’ll assess you if you don’t meet the criteria to pass this module.
Repeat type: Internal