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The University of Southampton
Engineering

Research project: Water Availability and the Production of Biofuels - An Integrated Assessment

Currently Active: 
Yes

Funded by SetSquared

Staff from Southampton visiting the Institute of the Americas in San Diego, California
Staff from Southampton visiting

The prospect of producing large amounts of biofuels to replace substantial percentages of conventional gasoline is raising a number of environmental, engineering, and economic questions, both in the United Kingdom and in the United States. First, there are many unanswered engineering questions related to the efficient production of biofuels from biomass, and a number of crops and chemical processes still need to be investigated and/or improved to obtain economically attractive options. The potential environmental impacts of these chemical processes are also imperfectly known, which suggests the need to carry out Life Cycle Assessments. Second, planning the large scale production of biofuels requires understanding climatic factors and the potential implications of climate change at the regional level, especially with regard to precipitation. One key question in particular is: will there be enough (or too much) water to sustainably produce biomass in suitable agricultural areas? It is also important to understand the potential economic and social impacts of producing biomass on the cost of food and more generally, on economic welfare.

Associated research themes

Theme Water and Environment

Related research groups

Water and Environmental Engineering Group
Bioenergy and Organic Resources
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