Dr Ramesh Kurukulaaratchy (more commonly known as “Dr Ramesh”) is Associate Professor in Asthma & Allergy at the University of Southampton (UoS), Deputy Director of the David Hide Asthma & Allergy Research Centre (DHAARC), Isle of Wight and an Honorary Consultant clinically specialising in Severe Asthma and Allergy at University Hospital Southampton (UHS) and at St Mary's Hospital Isle of Wight.
- The natural history of asthma and allergy across the lifecourse.Identification of risk factors for asthma and allergy across the lifecourse.Development of risk prediction scores and new diagnostics for asthma.Prevention strategies for asthma and allergy.Phenotyping and endotypic understanding of difficult-to-treat asthma.Understanding the multimorbidity framework of difficult-to-treat asthma.Developing multimodal interventions for difficult-to-treat asthma.
1. Epidemiology, natural history, genetic and environmental risk factors and epigenetic mechanisms in the origins and progression of asthma and allergy:
Ramesh undertook his DM thesis on the natural history of and risk factors for asthma and allergy in childhood by studying the IOWBC at age 10-years. He has since published extensively on this cohort and contributed to both 18 and 26-year follow-ups of that study. This work has expanded from epidemiology to include more mechanistic insights including the epigenetic basis of these diseases.
2. Prevention of asthma and allergy:
In addition to the IOWBC, Ramesh has been a senior co-investigator in the Isle of Wight Allergy Prevention study which was followed up to age 18-years and the Mite Allergen Prevention (MAPS) Study which has just reported findings to 6-years.
3. Severe Asthma - WATCH Cohort:
Ramesh established this study in 2015. It offers a novel research model that engages NHS clinic patients in research through their routine clinical care. Over 550 patients have been recruited, and the study has attracted external funding from the National Institutes of Health (NIH), Asthma UK-BLF and Industry, generating ~ £1.4 million research income to date. 25 abstracts have been presented at international meetings. The protocol paper can be accessed here https://rdcu.be/bEd9R. To date 9 papers have been published from WATCH in peer reveiwed journals. Areas of research focus include the clinical phenotyping and deeper endotyping of difficult asthma, epigenetics of severe asthma, the role of comorbidities, and new treatments for severe asthma.
Lead role and teacher for 3rd year Allergy SSU for BM students.
Lead role and teacher for 5th year Allergy SSU for BM students.
Teacher on BM4 Course.
Co-lead for Allergic Airways Disease Module on UoS Allergy MSC.
Organisation and teaching for both primary care colleagues and specialist trainees (Respiratory Medicine) on asthma and allergy.
Ramesh graduated in Medicine from the University of Southampton before specialising in Respiratory and General Medicine with particular clinical and research interests in asthma and allergy. He completed his DM on the natural history of, and risk factors, for development of asthma and allergy in childhood through work on the Isle of Wight Birth Cohort (IOWBC).
Ramesh was appointed as fulltime NHS Consultant at University Hospital Southampton (UHS) in 2006 and in parallel as Honorary Senior Lecturer at UoS. Subsequently he led and significantly developed tertiary Severe Asthma and Allergy clinical services at UHS and wider collaborations such as the Wessex Asthma Network. In October 2018, Ramesh took up a formal academic appointment as Principal Research Fellow in Asthma and Allergy at UoS. In March 2022 this changed to an Associate Professor appointment. His research is based both at the Faculty of Medicine and at DHAARC and includes collaborations with colleagues at the La Jolla Institute for Allergy and Immunology, San Diego plus the University of Memphis in the USA.
Ramesh is a clinical epidemiologist undertaking research in the natural history, phenotyping, endotyping, treatment and prevention of asthma and allergy. He remains a Senior Co-Investigator in the IOWBC and multiple other DHAARC birth cohorts. He is also Chief Investigator for the Wessex AsThma CoHORT of difficult asthma which he created within the tertiary severe asthma clinic at UHS to align clinical and research goals for patients with severe asthma. This study has attracted around £1million of research income.
Ramesh is a co-investigator on 4 NIH grants related to epigenetics of severe asthma, T-cell epitopes in fungal asthma and epigenetics of childhood asthma. He is Chief Investigator of the Wessex AsThma CoHort of difficult asthma (WATCH) study at Southampton and Principal Investigator for an Asthma UK funded study to identify miRNAs as a diagnostic tool in asthma. He has published over 90 Medline cited papers - h-index google scholar (currently 36); https://scholar.google.com/citations?user=GX_wkD0AAAAJ&hl=en.
In addition to his research and clinical work, Ramesh is passionate about teaching. He co-leads the Allergic Airways Disease Module within the UoS Allergy MSC and leads the undergraduate 3rd year and 5th year Allergy SSU for medical students at Southampton.
BM, University of Southampton 1994
MRCP, Royal College of Physicians (London) 1997
DM, University of Southampton 2003
FRCP, Royal College of Physicians (London) 2012