Skip to main navigationSkip to main content
The University of Southampton
Politics and International RelationsPart of Economic, Social and Political Science
(023) 8059 4442

Professor Christian Enemark BA, LLB (Sydney), PhD (ANU)

Professor of International Relations

Professor Christian Enemark's photo


Christian Enemark is Professor of International Relations at the University of Southampton.

I am the author of numerous articles and three books. Disease and Security: Natural Plagues and Biological Weapons in East Asia (2007), Armed Drones and the Ethics of War: Military Virtue in a Post-Heroic Age (2014), and Biosecurity Dilemmas: Dreaded Diseases, Ethical Responses, and the Health of Nations (2017).

My research and teaching interests include global health politics, international and global security, and the ethics of war.

Before coming to Southampton, I was Reader in Global Health and International Politics at Aberystwyth University. I have been a Visiting Fellow at the Australian National University’s John Curtin School of Medical Research and Centre for Applied Philosophy and Public Ethics, and in 2007-2008 I was a member of the Australian Government’s National Consultative Committee on International Security Issues (appointed by the Minister for Foreign Affairs). Prior to completing a PhD in International Relations, I was a parliamentary liaison officer in the Attorney General's Department of New South Wales.

Research interests

My research (and research-led teaching) focuses on global health politics, international and global security, and the ethics of war. When inquiring into the security politics surrounding infectious disease challenges, I am interested in naturally-occurring disease outbreaks (e.g. Ebola, pandemic influenza, drug-resistant TB, and cholera), the use of biological weapons by state and non-state actors, and the risks and benefits of laboratory research on pathogenic microorganisms. The US-based Alfred P. Sloan Foundation and the Australian Research Council have previously sponsored my work investigating policy challenges arising where health, security and ethics concerns intersect. My normative approach to health and international/global politics complements my research on the ethics of war. On this theme, I am particularly interested in military technologies (e.g. drones, robots, biological and chemical weapons, and ‘non-lethal’ weapons) and developments in Just War theory.


DRONETHICS (2018 – 2022) 

Professor Christian Enemark is the Principal Investigator on a Consolidator project funded under the European Research Council Horizon 2020 Programme: “Emergent Ethics of Drone Violence: Toward a Comprehensive Governance Framework” (DRONETHICS), ERC-2017-COG grant no. 771082 (€1.36m). 

He is working with two research fellows based in the Department of Politics and International Relations: Dr Thompson Chengeta and Dr Lindsay Clark.

This project opens up an ethical inquiry into drone violence conceptualised as either war, law enforcement, interpersonal violence, or violence devolved to artificial intelligence (AI). It aims to produce: the first integrated conceptual framework for explaining ethical concerns arising from current and potential forms of drone violence; concrete recommendations for policy-makers on how to manage this violence ethically; and a new normative vision for shaping the longer-term trajectory of drone violence. 

Research into the ethics of drone violence receives major EU funding boost (3 January 2018):

DRONETHICS Project website.

Principal Investigator, DRONETHICS (European Research Council project)

Editorial Board member, Contemporary Security Policy

Sort via:TypeorYear



Book Chapters

Working Papers

Ethics of War (PAIR2034, PAIR3042)
Politics of Global Health (PAIR2033, PAIR3041)
Introduction to International Relations (PAIR1001)
Theorising International Politics (PAIR2001)

Security Theory (PAIR6046, PAIR6047) 

Areas of PhD supervision:
Drone violence
Ethics of armed conflict
Security theories and practices
Security and global health
Biological weapons and biosecurity 


In 2017 Professor Christian Enemark won the Most Engaging Lecturer prize at the Union Southampton Academic Awards.

In 2019 he was Highly Commended in the Best Pastoral Support award category.


Professor Christian Enemark
Politics & International Relations, Social Sciences, University of Southampton, Southampton SO17 1BJ United Kingdom

Room Number: 58/3055

Share this profile Share this on Facebook Share this on Twitter Share this on Weibo
Privacy Settings