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Engineering
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I.Kaparias@southampton.ac.uk

Dr Ioannis Kaparias MEng, PhD, DIC, ACGI, FHEA, MCIHT

Lecturer in Transport Engineering

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Dr Ioannis Kaparias is a Lecturer in Transport Engineering within Engineering and Physical Sciences at the University of Southampton.

He graduated with a Master of Engineering (MEng) degree in Civil Engineering from Imperial College London in 2004, having spent his final year of study at RWTH Aachen University in Germany. He then joined the Centre for Transport Studies of Imperial for his PhD research on the topic of Reliable Dynamic In-vehicle Navigation, in collaboration with BMW Group, which he completed in 2008, and continued as a post-doctoral Research Associate in the same institution for a period of four years, working on a wide range of transport research projects.

From 2012 he held a Lecturer position at City, University of London, and in 2016 he joined the Transportation Research Group (TRG) of the University of Southampton as a Lecturer in Transport Engineering. He is a Fellow of Advance HE (formerly the Higher Education Academy) (FHEA), a chartered engineer in Greece as a member of the Technical Chamber of Greece (TEE), and a member of the Society of Greek Transport Engineers (SES). He also holds an Honorary Lecturer position at the Centre for Transport Studies of Imperial College London, and acts as an independent expert for the European Commission in research and innovation activities. He currently serves as Deputy Editor-in-Chief of the IET Intelligent Transport Systems journal, as well as a member of two Standing Committees of the US Transportation Research Board (on Pedestrians (ACH10) and on Human Factors of Infrastructure Design and Operations (ACH40)). Aside from English and his native Greek, he also speaks German, French and Italian.

Research interests

Ioannis has a diverse research profile spanning across a wide range of areas in the field transport engineering. His primary focus and specialisation is in the area of efficient, safe, sustainable and inclusive land transport of passengers, and his track record includes the participation to research projects funded by the European Commission, UK local and national authorities, as well as industry. His research focuses on the following themes.

Highway and traffic management
With the ever-increasing need to travel, ensuring efficient use of road infrastructure and good service provision to drivers and passengers remains a key challenge. Ioannis’s research in this area includes the development, implementation and validation of novel methods and tools for managing traffic in both urban and inter-urban networks, with a particular interest in real-time routing and route guidance, travel time estimation, network reliability, highway capacity, microscopic traffic modelling and simulation, and performance evaluation.  

Fig 1.

Active travel modes
Walking and cycling are increasingly popular travel modes due to the benefits they offer in terms of space consumption, health and environmental sustainability. However, this popularity is often compromised by inadequate infrastructure, a poor safety record and a lack of understanding of the characteristics and needs of pedestrians and cyclists. Ioannis’s work focuses on addressing these issues, with highlights including the development and use of an instrumented bicycle, the investigation of the interaction of traffic with the public realm, and the analysis of road user behaviour and perceptions.

Fig 2

Public transport operations
A public transport system able to transport large numbers of passengers reliably, comfortably, safely and sustainably is the backbone of any successful city. Ioannis’s research in this area is aimed at the operational aspect of public transport networks and spans across different modes (bus, light rail, metro, on-demand transport). Recent studies include the development of route choice and transit assignment algorithms, the modelling of bus passenger waiting times and tram vehicle dwell times at stops/stations, the analysis of the customer impact of service disruptions on metro networks, and the re-configuration of bus networks in order to reduce emissions.

Fig 3

New transport technologies
The transport sector is undergoing radical change with technological advances introducing new mobility forms, such as Connected and Autonomous Vehicles (CAVs) and Mobility-as-a-Service (MaaS). The integration of these in the current transport system entails important research challenges, both in terms of how this integration should take place as well as what impacts it will have. Ioannis’s research attempts to provide an insight into these aspects, with recent activity tackling the aspects of CAV control algorithms, highway design standards for CAVs, using CAVs to improve traffic control, evaluating MaaS schemes, and estimating the impact of CAVs and MaaS on land use.

Fig 4

Research Projects

“Future Towns Mobility Demonstrator” (funded by the Enterprise M3 Local Economic Partnership, 2021) – Principal Investigator. The project develops a tool to determine rapid infrastructure responses to changing economic circumstances, and comprises the planning of schemes in three relevant areas: (i) re-allocation of road space; (ii) micro-mobility, and (iii) digital and data interventions.

“Measuring riding comfort on a street in Southampton using an instrumented bicycle” (funded by Southampton City Council, 2019) – Principal Investigator. The project involved performing field experiments with TRG’s instrumented bicycle on Millbrook Road East in Southampton before and after re-surfacing of the road in order to measure changes in cyclist riding comfort.

“Metamorphosis Global” (funded by the Department for International Development, 2018 – 2019) – Co-Investigator. The project looked at developing and testing an online toolkit for devising and implementing child-friendly street design measures for urban and rural areas of Low- and Middle Income countries.

“Potential future updates and enhancements to the Solent Sub-Regional Transport Model” (funded by Solent Transport, 2019) – Co-Investigator. The project involved assessing the data, methodological and software needs of, and making recommendations for building a new transport model for the Solent region.

“University Partnership Programme” (funded by Transport Systems Catapult, 2017 – 2018) – Co-Investigator. Activities comprised the facilitation of two PhD researcher placements (S. Miah and M. Mamouei) at the Transport Systems Catapult so as to enable validation tasks of their PhD research on energy-efficient Adaptive Cruise Control and on an intelligent cyclist localisation system, respectively.

“A user-centred mobile tool for transport information discovery” (Knowledge Transfer Partnership with Cubic Transportation Systems, sponsored by Innovate UK and EPSRC, 2016 – 2017) – Co-Investigator. The project looked at incorporating user experience principles in the design of new digital tools for passenger mobility.

“CONDUITS-DST: Further development of the CONDUITS Key Performance Indicators” (sponsored by Kapsch TrafficCom through POLIS aisbl, 2012 – 2015) - Principal Investigator. Implementation of the CONDUITS performance evaluation framework for urban traffic management and ITS in a novel decision support tool, using the output of microscopic and macroscopic traffic simulation tools.

“Modelling and incorporating travel time reliability in public transport” (sponsored by City University’s Research Pump-Priming Fund, 2013 – 2015) - Principal Investigator. Further development of an existing travel time quantification approach from car traffic to public transport and applying it to part of London’s bus network.

“Monitoring the Exhibition Road single surface scheme” (sponsored by the Royal Borough of Kensington and Chelsea, 2008 – 2012) - Main researcher at Imperial College London. Conduct of a series of research studies related to the Exhibition Road redevelopment scheme covering a wide range of transport aspects, such as traffic conflicts, perceptions of pedestrians and drivers, and travel behaviour, but also research extending beyond the scope of Exhibition Road itself, such as the investigation of the willingness to share space of pedestrians and drivers, the impacts on road safety, and the financial impacts of similar schemes.

“CONDUITS: Coordination of Network Descriptors for Urban Intelligent Transport Systems” (sponsored by the European Commission through the 7th Framework Programme (FP7), 2009 – 2011) - Main researcher at Imperial College London. Collaborative international project with the objective of developing a framework enabling the evaluation of urban traffic management policies and technologies. The main outcome was the definition and testing of a set of Key Performance Indicators in the areas of traffic efficiency; traffic safety; pollution reduction; and social inclusion and land use.

“NEARCTIS: Network of Excellence for Advanced Road Cooperative Traffic Management in the Information Society” (sponsored by the European Commission through FP7, 2008 – 2013) - Main researcher at Imperial College London. Collaborative international project with the objective of the identification and development of Intelligent Transport Systems (ITS) solutions to the main transport problems (safety; energy consumption; environmental impacts; and congestion) within the framework of a virtual research centre through the integration of the research activities of a number of participating institutions.

“BENEFIT: Benchmarking of Efficient Infrastructure and Transport” (sponsored by Transport for London, 2008) - Main researcher at Imperial College London. Conduct of a comparative analysis study and coordination of the first steps towards the formation of a worldwide city benchmarking club for road traffic management and infrastructure.

“Personalised Route Guidance” (sponsored by BMW Group within the framework of the “OFFENSIVE” collaborative research project, 2005 – 2009) - Supporting researcher at Imperial College London. Use of machine learning techniques in route guidance, so as to be able to derive the driver’s preferences and to consider them in route finding. The project resulted in the development of an algorithm for this purpose.

“Reliable Dynamic In-vehicle Navigation” (sponsored by BMW Group within the framework of the “OFFENSIVE” collaborative research project, 2004 – 2008) - Main PhD researcher at Imperial College London. Development of a new algorithm that evaluates travel time reliability based on historical data, and considers it in the search for optimal routes in the road network. With the prospect of making use of the algorithm in in-vehicle navigation systems, the research extended to the development of software (ARIAdNE), as well as to its application through laboratory and field experiments, which demonstrated its superiority compared with existing conventional navigation systems.

 

Research group

Transportation Group

Affiliate research group

Centre for Transport Studies, Imperial College London

Research project(s)

Metamorphosis

Doctoral Programme Director (Training), Engineering Graduate School (since 2017)

3MT Competition Lead for the School of Engineering (since 2017)

School of Engineering Lead of Early Career Researchers (ECRs) Career Development Cross-Faculty Initiative (since 2017)

Member of the School of Engineering Athena SWAN Self-Assessment Team (SAT) (f.k.a. Equality, Diversity & Inclusivity Committee) (since 2017)

Member of the Faculty of Engineering and Physical Sciences Ethics Committee (since 2017)

Organiser of the Transportation Group’s bi-weekly research seminar series (since 2019)

 

 

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Ioannis teaches on the following modules:

CENV1026 Design& Computing (lecturer)

CENV3060 Highway & Traffic Engineering (lecturer)  

CENV6171 Highway & Traffic Engineering (module coordinator and lecturer)

In addition, as part of his role as Doctoral Programme Director (Training) in the School for Engineering, he is responsible for the coordination and delivery of the Training Programme for Engineering Postgraduate Researchers (PGRs).

Current:

H. Jehanfo

P. Sarri

H. Abu Saq

P. Worrawichaipat

Completed:

S. Yoon (University of Southampton, 2020)

S. Miah (City University of London, 2018)

M. Mamouei (City University of London, 2017)

Dr Ioannis Kaparias
Engineering, University of Southampton, Southampton Boldrewood Innovation Campus, Burgess Road, Southampton, SO16 7QF

Room Number: 176/4061

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