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Professor Andrew Cruden BEng, MSc, PhD, CEng, MIET

Professor of Energy Technology

Professor Andrew Cruden's photo

Professor Andrew Cruden is Professor of Energy Technology within Engineering and Physical Sciences at the University of Southampton.

Prof Andrew Cruden obtained his BEng, MSc and PhD degrees in Electronic and Electrical Engineering from the University of Strathclyde, Glasgow, in 1989, 1990 and 1998, respectively. He had a range of research posts at Strathclyde until 1998 when he was appointed Lecturer, then promoted to Senior Lecturer in 2004 and Reader in 2010. He was appointed as Professor of Energy Technology at the University of Southampton in July 2012, within the Electro-Mechanical Research Group. In July 2013, he took up the role of Head of the Energy Technology Research Group. He is a Chartered Engineer.

He has significant experience in the field of renewable energy, particularly in fuel cell technology and condition monitoring of wind turbines. The interest in fuel cell technology led, indirectly, to an interest in the field of electric vehicles, and subsequently to research activity in energy storage (both batteries and supercapacitors, with EPSRC and TSB) and traction drives (through current EPSRC funding and two TSB funded projects).

He has attracted over £3M in research funding from both the Research Councils and industry, and published over 110 articles, including conferences and journal papers.

He has acted a Director for the Argyll, Lomond and the Islands Energy Agency from 1998 – 2012, (, a local energy agency established as a not-for-profit company to promote and develop renewable energy and energy efficiency within this locale. Additionally he was instrumental in establishing, and the first Chairman of, the Scottish Hydrogen and Fuel Cell Association (SHFCA,, a Trade Association within Scotland to promote hydrogen and fuel cell technology.

Latterly he was the Chairman of the 4th World Hydrogen Technologies Convention (WHTC), held in Glasgow in September 2011 under the auspices of the International Hydrogen Energy Association. Previously he organised and delivered the IET Christmas Lecture series in Scotland in 2005, which delivered a talk on the history and future of electrical power generation to over 1,200 school children around Scotland.

Prof Cruden currently acts as the Faculty Advisor for the Southampton University Formula Student Team (SUFST, Watch the video of the Team competing at the Formula Student 2013 Competition at Silverstone by clicking on the video link below! 

Research interests

  • electric vehicles
  • energy storage
  • renewable energy
  • condition monitoring

Research group

Energy Technology

Affiliate research group

Mechatronics Engineering Group

Research project(s)

Hybrid Energy Storage System

This research project is part of the SUPERGEN Energy Storage Consortium funded by the EPSRC, in developing a hybrid energy storage system based on batteries and supercapacitors for transport applications, and has been exploring the use of large signal electrochemical impedance spectroscopy to characterise and understand supercapacitor behaviour and degradation.

Vehicle To Grid (V2G) Implementation for Integrated Bi-Directional Chargers

As Electric Vehicle (EV) technologies begin to reshape the automotive industry the question of how this will affect the already over-burdened energy distribution network is becoming ever more important. Vehicle To Grid (V2G) Technologies aim to lessen this burden by allowing vehicles equipped with high capacity bi-directional charging systems to facilitate ancillary services such as frequency regulation and load balancing through the use of their on board energy storage units (Batteries) as shown in Image 1.

Battery Characterisation and Management - the key to Smart Grids and the Integration of Electric Vehicles

This project is supported by Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EPSRC) and has five UK academic partners and three Chinese partners. It will study lithium battery cell development and Vehicle to Grid (V2G) operation to investigate grid scale energy storage, from a battery perspective ‘upwards’ and not from a network level 'downwards'.

Examining long-term degradation of LiFePO4 batteries for Vehicle-to-Grid (V2G) Energy Storage

This project will use the neutron instruments at ISIS at the Rutherford Appleton Laboratory to investigate the degradation of batteries as a result of operation under Vehicle to Grid (V2G) condition.

EPSRC Centre for Doctoral Training (CDT) in Energy Storage and its Applications (EP/L016818/1)

EPSRC - Supergen Energy Storage Hub (SuperStore) (EP/L019469/1)

H2020 – Aluminium Ion Batteries (Grant No: 646286)

ELEVATE - ELEctrochemical Vehicle Advanced TEchnology (EP/M009394/1)

TransEnergy - Road to Rail Energy Exchange (R2REE) (EP/N022289/1)

Manifest - Multi-scale ANalysis for Facilities for Energy STorage (EP/N032888/1)

JUICE Joint UK-India Clean Energy Centre (EP/P003605/1)

Buoyancy propulsion system for an Unmanned Air System (UAS): Phoenix (ref: 102379)

RELCoBatt: Reclaimed Electrolyte, Low Cost Flow Battery

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Book Chapter


FEEG2004  Electronics, Drives and Control Lecturer
SESM6032  Sustainable Energy Systems, Resources and Usage Lecturer
SESS3025  Marine Engineering Lecturer
SESM3036 Automotive Mechatronics Lecturer
SESM6043 Applications of Renewable Energy, Storage and Nuclear Energy Module Coordinator
Professor Andrew Cruden
Engineering, University of Southampton, Highfield, Southampton. SO17 1BJ United Kingdom

Room Number : 7/5025

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