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The University of Southampton
Centre for Risk Research

What drives flood preparedness? A survey-based investigation of community and individual characteristics Event

Leen Gammoh
15:00 - 16:00
7 May 2020
Room 3043, Building 2, University of Southampton, Highfield Campus, SO171BJ.

For more information regarding this event, please email Dr Mario Brito at .

Event details


Developing countries are often severely impacted by natural disasters. However, the level of their disaster preparedness is often minimal and the determinants of such levels are understudied. To address this issue, this study evaluated the relationship between self-efficacy, sense of community, past experience and flood risk preparedness in the developing country of Jordan. The study employed a quantitative, cross-sectional, correlational research design with 300 adult participants. All participants were citizens in the four Jordanian cities (Amman, Madaba, Ma’an and Balqa) that were most impacted by flooding disasters in 2018 and 2019. Multiple regression analysis determined the relationship between the independent variables of self-efficacy, sense of community, and past experience and the dependent variable of flood risk preparedness. The results of the study indicated that all three independent variables had positive significant relationships with Jordanians’ flood risk preparedness. The strongest of these relationships was with self-efficacy, which had a correlation of r = 0.481, p < 0.01. We argue that self-efficacy may have a particularly strong relationship with flood risk preparedness because individuals with higher self-efficacy are those who are better empowered to instigate a greater quality and quantity of actions against disasters. These findings indicate that flood risk preparedness in Jordan could be improved by increasing self-efficacy and risk awareness. Recommendations for further research include quantitative or qualitative studies to understand better the connection between flood risk preparedness training, and determining how to improve disaster risk warning systems for individuals and communities in developing countries such as Jordan. 

Speaker Biography:

Leen Gammoh is a second year Ph.D. candidate in the department of Decision Analytics and Risk and a member of the Centre for Risk Research at the University of Southampton. Her main research interest focuses on investigating the way in which certain variables impact the behaviours of individuals when faced with natural disasters.

Speaker information

Leen Gammoh, ,PhD student, Centre for Risk Research, Southampton Business School,

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