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The University of Southampton

Professor Tony Kendrick BSc MD FRCGP FRCPsych (Hon) FHEA

Professor of Primary Care

Professor Tony Kendrick's photo

Professor Tony Kendrick is Professor of Primary Care within Medicine at the University of Southampton.

We are developing more accurate and efficient techniques for primary care practitioners to use to assess the needs of people with mental health problems, so that they can quickly target treatments to those who most need them.

Tony Kendrick’s research over 30 years has addressed the management of common and costly mental health problems in primary care, and has been influential in changing the management of schizophrenia and depression in primary care. He is a Retained GP working part-time at Stoneham Lane Surgery, Southampton.

He has over 250 publications including 166 peer-reviewed articles, six books, and 32 book chapters. He was awarded his MD at St George’s Hospital Medical School in 1996, writing his doctoral thesis on a randomised controlled trial of teaching general practitioners to carry out structured assessments of their long-term mentally ill patients, funded by a four year half time Mental Health Foundation research training fellowship.

He then moved to Southampton and carried out a number of multicentre randomised controlled trials, as well as observational and qualitative studies, on treatments and health service developments in primary care, mainly for depression and anxiety, but also for eating disorders, bereavement, carers’ health, and multimorbidity, through his PhD students’ work.

His work has had significant impact on clinical practice through the development of NICE guidelines on depression and through the introduction of performance indicators in the UK GP contract quality and outcomes framework (QOF), which has improved the GP assessment of psychosis and depression.

He has an international reputation in research having collaborated directly with colleagues in Australia, New Zealand, the USA, Canada, and the Netherlands. He has given invited plenary presentations at conferences organised by the World Organisation of Family Doctors, World Psychiatry Association, and the North American Primary Care Research Group.

He was elected to Fellowship of the Royal College of General Practitioners in 1997 and to Honorary Fellowship of the Royal College of Psychiatrists in 2001, in recognition of his research into primary care mental health. He was awarded the RCGP President’s Medal for his research in 2009.


BSc, Medical Sciences with Psychology, London Hospital Medical College, 1978

MB BS, St George's Hospital Medical School, London,  1981

DRCOG, Royal College of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists, 1983

DCH, Royal College of Physicians, London, 1984

MRCGP, Royal College of General Practitioners, 1985

MD, General practitioner care of people with long term mental illness, St George's Hospital Medical School, London, 1996

FRCGP, Royal College of General Practitioners, 1997 

FHEA, Higher Education Academy, 2007


Honorary Fellowship, Royal College of Psychiatrists, 2001

President's Medal, Royal College of General Practitioners, 2009

RCGP George Swift Lecture, 2010 

Previous posts

Dean, Hull York Medical School. 2010-2013

Associate Non-Executive Director, Hull and East Yorkshire NHS Hospitals Trust. 2010-2013

Sessional GP, New Hall Surgery, Hull. 2011-2013

Associate Dean for Clinical Research, Faculty of Medicine, Health and Life Sciences, University of Southampton. 2008-2010

Director, Community Clinical Sciences Division, School of Medicine, University of Southampton. 2001-2008

Professor of Primary Medical Care University of Southampton.

Sessional GP at Aldermoor Surgery, Hill Lane Surgery, Bath Lodge Practice, and St Mary’s Surgery. 1998-2010

Reader in General Practice, St George's Hospital Medical School, London. 1997-1998

Director, South Thames Research Network, St George's Hospital Medical School, London. 1996-1998

Senior Lecturer in General Practice & Primary Care, St George's Hospital Medical School, London. 1994-1997

Mental Health Foundation Research Training Fellow, St George's Hospital Medical School, London. 1990-1994

General Practitioner (two-thirds time), Chertsey Health Centre, Surrey. 1990-1998

General Practitioner (full time), Weybridge Health Centre, Surrey, and Area Organiser and Senior Tutor, St George's Hospital Medical School, London. 1985-1990

Vocational Trainee in Dover and Canterbury, Kent. 1982-1985

House Surgeon, Kingston General Hospital, Surrey. 1982

House Physician, St George's Hospital, London. 1981-1982

Current roles

2015- Member, NICE Depression Guideline Update Committee.

2020- Member, Improving Access to Psychological Therapies (IAPT) Expert Advisory Group.

Previous roles

1996-2000 Member, Royal College of General Practitioners Research Group.

1998-2002 Secretary, Heads of Departments Group, AUDGP.

1998-2010 Co-opted member, RCGP Wessex Faculty Board.

1998-2006 Co-opted member, Southampton Local Medical Committee.

1998-1999 Member, Clinical Standards Advisory Group (CSAG) on Depression, DH

1999-2003 Member, RCGP Scientific Foundation Board Grants Committee.

2000-2002 Member, Southampton City PCT Education Strategy Steering Committee

2000-2004 Member, DH panel for National Primary Care Research Fellowship Awards.

2001-2002 Member, National Task Force on Suicide Prevention.

2001-2002 Member, National Expert Group on Outcome Measurement in Mental Health

2001-2002 Member, National Mental Health Taskforce.

2002-2009 Member, Southampton City PCT Research Strategy Group

2003-2007 Member, Executive of the Society for Academic Primary Care

2003-2005 Member, Mental Health expert group for the GP contract QOF

2003-2009 Member, MRC Medical Advisory Board/ MRC College of Experts

2003-2008 Chair, RCGP Scientific Foundation Board Grants Committee

2004-2007 Chair, SAPC Heads of Departments Group.

2004-2007 SAPC Representative, BMA Medical Academic Staff Committee

2004-2007 Chair, DH Researcher Development Awards panel.

2005-2008 Member, ACCEA South Clinical Excellence Awards Sub-Committee

2005-2008 Member, RCGP Clinical Excellence Awards ranking committee

2005-2013 Member, Board of Governors, BUPA Foundation.

2006-2008 Member, Adoptions Committee, Mental Health Research Network.

2006-2007 Member, UKCRN working party on research potential of Connecting for Health.

2006-2008 Chair, Mental Health expert group for the GP contract Quality & Outcomes Framework.

2007-2010 Co-Director, Hampshire & Isle of Wight Comprehensive Local Research Network.

2007-2009 Member, NIHR Research Training Fellowships Panel.

2009-2011 Chair, NICE Guideline on identification and care pathways for common mental disorders.

2009-2012 Member, NIHR HTA Diagnostics and Screening Technologies panel.

2009-2014 Member, NICE national QOF Indicators Advisory Committee.

2010-2014 Member, BMJ primary care editorial advisory group.

2012-2013 Member, ACCEA Yorkshire & Humber Clinical Excellence Awards Sub-Committee.

2013-2016 Chair, NIHR Academic In-Practice GP Research Fellowships Panel. 

2015-2018 Member, NICE Indicators Advisory Committee.


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Book Chapter






BM5 critical appraisal teaching, and supervision of BMedSc research projects.


Seminar leader, Wessex GP Trainees mental health course, Minstead Lodge. 


Led on development of Primary Medical Care seminar teaching for 5th Year students, 1999-2001.
Developed Scientific Basis of Medicine Clinico-pathological symposium on Depression 1999-2001.
Examiner for BM Intermediate and Final examinations, 1998-2010.
PBL group facilitator, BM4 Graduate entry programme, 2006 -2008.  

At St. George's

Design of MB.BS Communication Skills Course, 1992-1993.
MB.BS Community and Mental Health Special Study Module, 1993-1996.
Health Sciences MSc Communication Skills Module, 1992-1996. 

External examining

External Examiner for the MSc in General Practice, King’s College London, 1998-2001.
External Examiner for the MSc in General Practice in Cyprus, 1999-2001.
External Examiner for Primary Care for MB.BS Finals, St George’s, London, 2001.
Senior Visiting Examiner for MB.BS Finals, St George’s, London, 2002-2004.

Professor Tony Kendrick discussing antidepressant withdrawal feature on BBC South Today May 2021.

Professor Tony Kendrick was a co-author on a Cochrane review of approaches to discontinuing antidepressants which received the following mainstream UK press attention among many hundreds of articles around the world.
Urgent research needed on how to safely stop using antidepressants - experts – Daily Mail Online, April 2021.
Millions in stress pill habit – The Sun, April 2021.
Urgent need to find safe ways for patients to withdraw from antidepressants, survey finds – The Guardian, April 2021.
Little research on safe withdrawal from antidepressants - The Times, April 2021.

Professor Tony Kendrick contributes to Naked Scientists Neuroscience podcast discussing the REDUCE trial. January 2020.

Faculty Professors win BMA Primary Health Care Book of the Year award. September 2019

Professor Tony Kendrick was interviewed on Radio 4's PM on 6 March by Sarah Vine for a feature on withdrawal of antidepressants. Tony discussed the new NICE guidelines, which are going to include more advice for GPs on slower withdrawal especially for patients who've been on antidepressants for years, and on how to deal with withdrawal symptoms. Tony is a member of the NICE guideline committee updating the Depression guidelines, and leads the £2.4 million NIHR funded REDUCE research programme. Tony features 16 minutes and 17 seconds into the programme. March 2019.

REDUCE study mentioned in The New York Times article, Many people taking antidepressants discover they cannot quit. Long-term use of the medications is surging in the United States, according to an analysis by The Times. One reason: withdrawal symptoms that make it difficult to stop. April 2018.

The New Scientist article, 'People are hacking antidepressant doses to avoid withdrawal', comment by Professor Tony Kendrick. July 2017.

The Times article, Dr Mark Porters writes 'One in ten people is on antidepressants and some need to come off them', he discusses the REDUCE study. July 2017.

Radio 5 live, Professor Tony Kendrick talks (approx 25 minutes in) about the REDUCE study looking at web support. Feb 2017.

An interview between Professor Tony Kendrick and GP broadcaster Dr Mark Porter on the BBC radio 4 programme Inside Health is available to listen to via this link, it starts at 5 minutes in and discusses his research into the rise in long-term antidepressant treatment and the need for support to help people come off unnecessary long-term treatment. (Mar 2016)

Professor Tony Kendrick's SPCR funded CPRD study coverage in Pulse Today. (Aug 2015)

Rates of depression among working aged men are on the rise, read the story here from the NIHR School for Primary Care Research. (May 2015)

Professor Tony Kendrick recently spoke to Pulse for the story GP consultations for depression have risen since financial crisis hit. He said the increase in depression rates explained some - but not all - of the rise in antidepressant use recorded by the Health Survey for England. That data showed GP prescriptions of antidepressants had rocketed - by around 50% - since 2008. The researchers, led by Professor Kendrick, studied GP records of depression before and after the recession, using anonymised data from 142 practices contributing to the Clinical Practice Research Datalink between 2003 and 2013. (April 2015)

Prof Tony Kendrick is quoted in an article about alternative treatments for depression following the publication of the ANTLER trial of maintenance antidepressants in the New England Journal of Medicine. October 2021

Current Grants

2018-2021 - Kendrick T, Moore M, Leydon G, Stuart B, Geraghty A, Griffiths G, Dewar-Haggart R, Williams S (University of Southampton), Yao G (University of Leicester), Dowrick C (University of Liverpool), Lewis G (University College London), May C (London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine). Patient-reported outcome measures for monitoring primary care patients with depression: PROMDEP randomised controlled trial. Grant reference 17/42/02 NIHR HTA funded Project - £1,668,028 Protocol.

2017-2026 – Little P, Kendrick T, Yao GL, Stuart B, Griffiths G, Robinson L, Ballard C, Rossor M, Griffin S, Mutrie N, Rathod S, Gallacher J, Phiri P. REducing and preventing COgnitive impairment iN older age groups (the RECON Programme). NIHR Programme Grant - £2,803,331

2016-2022 – Kendrick T, Collinson S, Dowrick C, Geraghty A, Gilbody S, Griffiths G, Lewis G, Leydon G, Little P, Macleod U, May C, Meron D, Moncrieff J, Moore M, Stuart B, Yao GL. NIHR Applied Health Research Programme Grant - REviewing long term anti-Depressant Use by Careful monitoring in Everyday practice (REDUCE) programme - £2,418,366


Previous grants

1990-1994 - Kendrick T, Burns T, Freeling P, Sibbald B.
Mental Health Foundation - Research Training Fellowship, Tony Kendrick - £107,000.

1993-1997 Burns T, Kendrick T, Ross F. SW
Thames Regional R&D Directorate - Practice nurse assessments of the long-term mentally ill - £110,000.

1995-1998 - Kendrick T, Burns T.
NHS Interface R&D Programme - Psychotic patients in and out of specialist contact - £91,000.

1999-2002 - Thompson C, Kendrick T, Baldwin D, Peveler R, Smith H, Buxton M, Campbell M, Moore M.
NHS R&D HTA Programme - RCT to compare the cost-effectiveness of SSRIs, TCAs, and Lofepramine (AHEAD Study) - £556,000.

1999-2002 - Kendrick T, Thompson C, Mynors-Wallis L, Brooking J, Gray A, Pickering R.
NHS R&D HTA Programme - A trial of problem solving by CPNs for anxiety and depression in general practice (CPN-GP Study) - £312,000.

2000-2003 - Simon C, Kendrick T, Kumar S.
NHS R&D SE Region - Research training fellowship, Chantal Simon - £110,000.

2000-2001 - Kendrick T, Paynton D, Smith F, Ridgway G.
SIFT, MADEL, and NMET development funding - Developing the educational environment within a PCT - £45,000.

2001-2002 - Kendrick T, Paynton D, Little P, Thompson C.
SUHT Strategic R&D fund - Development of a PCT research consortium - £29,000.

2001-2004 - Kendrick T, Thompson C, Smith H, Newton J, Roderick P, Latter S, Kingdon D, Gabbay J.
NHS R&D SE Region - R&D Support Unit for NHS researchers in Hampshire - £497,000.

2001-2002 - King, E, Kendall K, Kendrick T, Thompson C.
HOPE (Wessex Medical Trust) - Critical incident reviews of patient suicides in general practice - £10,000.

2001-2004 - Kendrick T, Kumar S, Kendall K, Peveler R.
Medical Research Council - A qualitative study of GPs and patients and carers about the management of depression - £116,000.

2003-2008 - Kendrick T, Peveler R, Dowrick C, Morriss R, Tylee A, Mann A, Harris T, McCrone R, Leese M.
NHS R&D HTA Programme - RCT of SSRIs for mild depression in general practice (THREAD Study) - £767,000.

2004-2006 - Kendrick T, Moore M, Baverstock J.
NHS R&D NCCRCD Programme - Wessex Research Network (WReN) - £360,000.

2004-2008 - Kendrick T, Roderick R, Kersten P, Latter, S.
NHS R&D NCCRCD Programme - R&D Support Unit for NHS researchers in Hampshire - £754,000.

2003-2005 - Kendrick T.
NHS R&D NCCRCD Programme - Developing research Capacity in Primary Care - £282,000.

2003-2006 - Simon C, Kendrick T, Little P, Kumar S.
MRC - HSR Special Training Fellowship, Chantal Simon - £191,000.

2003-2006 - Johnston O, Kendrick T, Yardley L.
NHS R&D NCCRCD Programme - DoH/PPP Post-Doctoral Training Fellowship, Olwyn Johnston - £167,000.

2003-2006 - Kendrick T, Moore M, Baverstock J.
Department of Health - 13-PCT Research Management and Governance Consortium  - £300,000.

2003-2008 - Silman A, McFarlane G, Cooper C, Kendrick T, Croft P, Sibbald B, Baverstock J, Hughes R, Smith H.
MRC/ Wellcome/ Department of Health - North-West and Wessex Spoke of UK Biobank - £24,000.

2005-2010 Kendrick T.
NHS R&D NCCRCD Programme - Developing research Capacity in Primary Care - £780,000.

2006-2008 - Kendrick T, Dunn N, Moore M, Peveler R, Smith P, Raftery J, Lester H, Dowrick C, Sharp D, Gask L, Campbell S, Tylee A, Howe A, Gilbody S.
Lilly, Lundbeck, Servier, and Wyeth Pharmaceutical Companies - Observational study of GP treatment of depression following the introduction of quality indicators in the new GP contract - £70,000.

2006-2010 - Parry G, Barkham M, Kendrick T, Bower P, Lovell K, Rick J, Hardy G, Walters S, & Dent-Brown K.
NHS R&D Service Delivery & Organisation Programme - A proposal to evaluate a new model of improving access to psychological therapies - £449,346.

2008-2010 - Nanchahal K, Kessel A, Ebrahim S, Townsend J, Thorogood N, Haslam D, Kendrick T.
Camden Primary Care Trust, London - Camden Primary Care Weight Loss (CAMWEL) Trial - £599,291.

2010-2014 - Hobbs FDR, Avery AJ, Croft P, Kendrick T, Mant D, Nazareth I, Rogers A, Sharp D.
National Institute for Health Research - NIHR School for Primary Care Programme Grant - £16,789,986.

2010-2014 - Hobbs FDR, Avery AJ, Croft P, Kendrick T, Mant D, Nazareth I, Rogers A, Sharp D.
National Institute for Health Research - NIHR School for Primary Care Developing Research Capacity Training Grant - £10,190,000.

2011-2013 - Jacobs R, Goddard M, Mason A, Gravelle H, Gilbody S, Richardson R, Verzulli R, Kendrick T, Wainwright J.
NIHR SDO Programme - Do higher primary care practice performance scores predict lower rates of emergency admissions for persons with serious mental illness? £181,328.

2011-2016 - Lewis G, Ades A, Churchill C, Araya R, Dowrick C, Gilbody S, Hollingworth W, Kendrick T, Kessler D, Malpass A, Mulvenna S, Peters T, Welton N, Wiles N, Lanham P, Eakins M, Sharp D.
NIHR Applied Health Research Programme Grant - What are the indications for prescribing antidepressants that will lead to a clinical benefit? - £1,999,968.

2014-2015 - Little P, Stuart B, Leydon G, Lewith G, Moore M, Kendrick T.
NIHR SPCR project grant - Fatigue Assessment and Management in Everyday practice (FAME) pilot. £70,529.

2014-2016 - Kendrick T, Moore M, Leydon G, Stuart B, Geraghty A, Yao L.
NIHR research for Patient Benefit project grant, round 22 - Feasibility study for a randomised controlled trial of structured questionnaire based assessment and follow-up monitoring of patients with depression in primary care. £244,892.

2014-2016 - Brien S, Kendrick T, Thomas M.
NIHR School for Primary Care Pump Priming Grant - Independent determinants of heath related quality of life in people with COPD. An exploratory cross sectional postal questionnaire study in stable COPD patients to inform subsequent non-pharmacological interventions. - £19,976.

2014-2015 - Kendrick T, Moore M, Stuart B.
National Institute for Health Research School for Primary Care Research - How has the GP management of depression changed in the last 10 years? - £84,185

2015-2019 – Lewis G, Nazareth I, King M, Fremantle N, Wiles N, Hunter R, Moore M, Kendrick T, Mangin D, Gilbody S, Lanham P.
NIHR HTA trial grant - Antidepressants to prevent relapse in depression. £1,668,027.

2015-2018 - Jacobs R, Aylott L, Doran T, Gilbody S, Goddard M, Gravelle H, Gutacker N, Kasteridis P, Kendrick T, Mason A, Rice N, Wainwright J.
NIHR HS&DR Programme - Does better quality of primary care influence admissions and health outcomes for people with serious mental illness (SMI)? A linked patient-level analysis of the full patient care pathway. £767,235.20.

2017-2020 – Driessens C, Smith P, Kendrick T, Kingdon D, Pilgrim D, Crepaz-Keay D. Evaluating the effect of Community Mental Health services on the lives of people with mental health problems in England over a time of economic insecurity. Nuffield Foundation - £249,559

Professor Tony Kendrick
Aldermoor Health Centre Southampton SO16 5ST

Room Number : 9590 AHC/145/S2

Facsimile: (023) 8070 1125

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