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The University of Southampton
Health Sciences

Dr Martin Warner BSc, MSc, PhD

Senior Research Fellow in Musculoskeletal Biomechanics

Dr Martin Warner's photo

Dr Martin Warner is a Senior Research Fellow within the Arthritis Research UK Centre for Sport, Exercise and Osteoarthritis and Health Science, University of Southampton. Dr Warner’s research experience involves understanding the biomechanical mechanisms of joint dysfunction, specifically the upper limb and shoulder, in sport and physical activity.

Physical activity is important to remain healthy, but it’s important to exercise in the right way to prevent damage to joints.

Graduating from the University College Chichester with an undergraduate degree in Sport and Exercise Science and a Master’s degree in Sports Biomechanics, Martin joined Health Science at the University of Southampton as Experimental Officer. Whilst undertaking this role Martin completed his PhD exploring the biomechanics of shoulder function through development of motion analysis methodologies and techniques for measuring scapular kinematics.

Martin subsequently undertook a role as Senior Research Fellow in Musculoskeletal Biomechanics within Health Sciences; a role that is funded by, and in association with, the Arthritis Research UK Centre for Sport, Exercise and Osteoarthritis. The aim of his work is to examine the biomechanical mechanisms that lead to the development of osteoarthritis as a result of injury through sport and physical activity. Specifically, this work involves investigating the effect of sport on the shoulders and arms of disability athletes, through to understanding hip pain and impingement in footballers. This work is undertaken using motion analysis and biomechanical modelling techniques, which also involves the development and validation of measurement protocols and biomechanical models, to understand joint movements and loading.

Research interests

Understanding the mechanism between the development of osteoarthritis and sports injury through biomechanical analysis.

  • Shoulder and arm function in wheelchair athletes
  • Development of osteoarthritis in wheelchair athletes as a result of sport injury
  • Hip pain in football players
  • Development of motion analysis measurement protocols and biomechanical models; particularly the shoulder and arm.



Research group

Active Living and Rehabilitation

Affiliate research group

Arthritis Research UK Centre for Sport, Exercise and Osteoarthritis.

Research project(s)

Assessing muscle tone in patients with neurological conditions

This collaborative project with Korle Bu Teaching Hospital in Ghana is examining the robustness of the MyotonPRO device to measure muscle tone, and monitor effects of physiotherapy treatments in stroke and Parkinson’s disease patients in a clinical setting in Africa.

The development and validation of a kinematic model for the measurement of scapular kinematics

Measuring movement of the shoulder, particularly the scapula (shoulder blade), is difficult due to its gliding nature beneath the surface of the skin. This project aims to develop a suitable method to overcome these problems using a sophisticated system for analyzing movement of the body.

Motor task manager reliability and validity study - Dormant

The Motor Task Manager (MTM) is a portable computerised system designed to analyse the shoulder-elbow motion while performing goal oriented reaching tasks.

Optimized athlete body sensor networks for simulation-based performance analysis

We have developed a system of wearable sensors that gather information about the movement of athletes so that we can then simulate what their muscles are doing, their aerodynamic drag, etc. This will allow us to optimize the athlete's technique in much the same way as an aircraft's shape is optimized.

Movement dysfunction in footballers with hip and groin pain

This study aims to investigate whether there are altered biomechanics, muscle activation and movement patterns in young footballers with femoroacetabular impingement (FAI) that can cause hip and groin pain. More specifically, this study aims to establish appropriate functional tests from existing clinical tests, for examining kinematics and muscle activity, to determine the feasibility of test protocols for a larger study to examine mechanisms underlying movement dysfunction. This work forms the basis for studies to develop and evaluate exercise interventions to manage and prevent FAI.

Novel technology for assessing muscle tone and mechanical properties: MyotonPRO

Motion analysis of movement dysfunction in musculoskeletal disorders

Research to measure abnormal movement accurately with a view to improving diagnosis and treatment.

Strength and Balance in Older Golfers

This study aims to determine if playing golf is associated with good strength and balance in older recreational golfers. This will help determine if golf meets World Health Organization recommendations and can be adopted on referral and social prescribing schemes.

Muscle Tone in Space (Myotones Project)

Changes in astronauts' muscles are being monitored during their six-month stay on the International Space Station. Novel technologies are used to measure the tone and size of muscles. Researchers guide astronauts via a live video link to carry out testing.

Warm up exercise programmes in youth football to improve movement quality

Football is very popular, with over 265 million players worldwide. Physical activity is important for good health and warming up before activity can prevent injuries so that the activity is performed safely. Use of warm-up programmes is limited and injuries can lead to problems in the long-term, such as osteoarthritis. This study aims to examine how warm-up exercise programmes can prevent injuries and improve performance.

Vice-Chair of Health Sciences’ Ethics Committee
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Management of biomechanics laboratory facilities

Provide biomechanical technical advice, support and training to staff and students

Research in kinematic modelling for the analysis of human movement

Dr Martin Warner
University of Southampton Health Sciences Building 45 Highfield Southampton SO17 1BJ

Room Number: 67/4003

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