The University of Southampton
Courses

PSYC2005 Individual Differences

Module Overview

The course covers the topics of personality and intelligence from the perspective of individual differences. Some research psychologists explore the ways in which people are the same, and seek to draw general conclusions about human nature. However, other research psychologists explore the ways in which people differ, and seek to describe the diversity inherent human nature. That is the subject matter of this module.

Aims and Objectives

Module Aims

To acquaint students with several leading theories designed to characterize and explain variations in what people are like (their personality). To acquaint students with several leading theories designed to characterize and explain variations in what they can do (their intelligence). To acquaint students with how theories of personality and intelligence are rationally evaluated and empirically tested, how they have developed historically, and whether and to what extent they are currently supported by scientific evidence. To acquaint students with the basic methodology and statistics used to develop questionnaire measures of personality and intelligence.

Learning Outcomes

Learning Outcomes

Having successfully completed this module you will be able to:

  • grasp the overall general nature of individual differences
  • understand yourself and others better, in terms of who are you, and what your skills are
  • grasp many issues and controversies that affect the topic individual differences
  • understand several major theoretical perspectives on personality
  • understand several major theoretical perspectives on intelligence
  • appreciate the assumptions underlying major theoretical perspectives on personality and intelligence
  • compare and critically evaluate major theories about personality and intelligence
  • compare and critically evaluate major theories about personality and intelligence
  • discuss and evaluate how empirical research can test theories about personality and intelligence
  • understand how to construct scales to assess personality traits and/or mental abilities
  • understand some basic issues in psychometrics (item quality, scale structure, scale, reliability, scale validity)

Syllabus

1. Overview of the Module 2. Personality: An Introduction 3. Psychoanalysis: Freud 4. Psychoanalysis: After Freud 5. Learning Theories I 6. Learning Theories II 7. Social Learning Theory 8. Evolutionary Theory 9. Biological Theories I 10. Biological Theories II 11. Psychometrics and Scale Construction I 12. Psychometrics and Scale Construction II 13. Cognitive Theories 14. Humanistic Theories 15. Trait Theories 16. Intelligence: An introduction 17. Intelligence: Theory and Measurement 18. Interpretations of Intelligence 19. Heritability, Gender, and Race 20. Emotional Intelligence

Learning and Teaching

Teaching and learning methods

Lecturing

TypeHours
Independent Study128
Teaching22
Total study time150

Resources & Reading list

Deary, I. J. (2001). Intelligence: A very short introduction. 

Maltby, J. Day, L. & Macaskill, A. (2013). Personality, Individual Differences and Intelligence. 

Nettle, D. (2007). Personality: What makes you the way you. 

Assessment

Summative

MethodPercentage contribution
Final Exam  (2 hours) 68%
Midterm Quiz  (30 minutes) 30%
Research Participation 2%

Referral

MethodPercentage contribution
Exam  (2 hours) 100%

Repeat Information

Repeat type: Internal & External

Linked modules

PSYC 2005 will be discontinued as of 2017/2018. The material underlying has migrated to PSYC1018.

Share this module Facebook Google+ Twitter Weibo

We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. If you continue without changing your settings, we will assume that you are happy to receive cookies on the University of Southampton website.

×