The University of Southampton

BIOL2003 Animal Reproduction and Development

Module Overview

This module develops the basic concepts of animal reproduction and development in a range of organisms.

Aims and Objectives

Module Aims

The aim of this module is to develop the basic concepts of animal reproduction and development in a range of organisms

Learning Outcomes

Learning Outcomes

Having successfully completed this module you will be able to:

  • Describe how different organisms undergo oogenesis and fertilization
  • Explain how locust and amphibian strategies of oogenesis may compare or contrast with each other
  • Describe the major processes of mammalian development from fertilisation through to fetal organogenesis
  • Explain the different strategies for egg cleavage in a range of organisms
  • Describe the concepts of gastrulation and neurulation in invertebrate and vertebrate animals
  • Describe how limb formation and patterning is achieved
  • Explain the main stages of chick development
  • Describe how the mechanism of egg cleavage may influence future developmental strategies in echinoderms, ascidians, molluscs and amphibians
  • Explain how master control genes may coordinate the formation of the body plan during insect development


The module combines basic understanding of the stages of embryogenesis of a range of organisms (from lower vertebrates to mammals) with an introduction to modern experimental analysis of developmental mechanisms. Topics covered include oogenesis, fertilisation, cleavage, gastrulation, neurulation and organogenesis in vertebrate and invertebrate species; developmental strategies in determinate and regulative embryos; the role of developmental genes in controlling pattern formation; and regulation of mammalian reproduction and development.

Learning and Teaching

Teaching and learning methods

Lectures, practicals, exercises, independent learning

Independent Study111
Practical classes and workshops15
Total study time150



MethodPercentage contribution
Coursework 25%
Written exam  (2 hours) 75%


MethodPercentage contribution
Coursework 25%
Written exam  (2 hours) 75%
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