Aims and Objectives
Having successfully completed this module you will be able to:
- Use bonding principles from parts 1 and 2 to describe aspects of the chemistry of Groups 1 and 2.
- Perform calculations relating parameters such bond length, ionic/metallic radii, unit cell size, density, packing density and number of lattice points in the unit cell
- Interpret data from a range of physical techniques to characterise inorganic compounds.
- Describe bonding models that can be applied to a consideration of the properties of simple molecules
- Present the results of a practical investigation in a concise manner.
- Evaluate the risks associated with an experiment and understand how to mitigate against those risks.
- Set up glassware and apparatus to conduct experiments in Inorganic Chemistry.
- Qualitatively discuss the structure of a multi-electron atom and the basis of the Periodic Table
- Calculate lattice enthalpy using the Born-Mayer equation and Born-Haber cycles, and use both to explain aspects of behaviour in extended lattice systems
- Construct appropriate qualitative energy level diagrams to explain molecular properties
- Determine the shapes and symmetry properties of simple Inorganic compounds and ions
- Describe formation of a number of simple inorganic structures in terms of close packing and hole filling, and draw these structures
- Atomic orbital theory
- Hydrogenic atoms, wavefunctions and their solutions, quantum numbers and atomic orbitals
- Radial and angular wavefunctions and the shapes of atomic orbitals
- Electron spin, aufbau principles, electronic structure, shielding/penetration and the Periodic Table
- Covalent bonding in diatomic molecules, Lewis model and valence bond theory
- Molecular orbital theory, boundary surface diagrams, sp-mixing and energy level diagrams
- Valence bond and molecular orbital theory for polyatomic molecules, hybridisation, resonance, hypervalency
- Shapes and symmetry of molecules; VSEPR, geometry, symmetry elements/operations and point groups
- Extended lattices, ionic bonding, comparison with molecular structures and coordination numbers
- Born-Haber cycles, Born-Mayer calculations and their use in discussion of stability of structures
- Lattice descriptions – translations, lattice points, the unit cell, crystal systems, Bravais lattices and cell settings
- Close packing including stacking arrangements, hcp and ccp unit cells, packing density, and positions and sizes of octahedral and tetrahedral holes; metal structures
- Simple ionic-derived structures – CsCl, NaCl, ZnS (x 2), NiAs, TiO2, diamond and crystabolite
- Ionic chemistry of the Group 1 and 2 elements.
- Completion of four practical experiments and associated reports covering a range of topics and skills in inorganic chemistry including the application of a variety of fundamental techniques and methodologies (including spectroscopy) to the synthesis and analysis of molecules and materials; the ability to understand and communicate the experimental methods and outcomes; understanding the importance of experimental safety and time management.
Learning and Teaching
Teaching and learning methods
Lectures, problem-solving Seminars with group working and tutor support
Practical chemistry: Prelaboratory e-learning; pre-lab skills lectures/ Seminars; practical sessions, supporting demonstrations, group and one-to-one tuition
Practical hours includes pre-laboratory e-learning.
|Preparation for scheduled sessions||48|
|Wider reading or practice||15|
|Total study time||150|
Resources & Reading list
J S Ogden. Introduction to Molecular Symmetry. Oxford Chemistry Primer 97, OUP.
D Williams, I Fleming (2008). Spectroscopic Methods in Organic Chemistry. McGraw Hill.
M J Winter. Chemical Bonding. Oxford Chemistry Primer 15, OUP.
Andrew Burrows, John Holman, Andrew Parsons, Gwen Pilling, and Gareth Price (2013). Chemistry3: Introducing inorganic, organic, and physical chemistry. OUP.
C. E. Housecroft and A. G. Sharpe (2012). Inorganic Chemistry. London: Pearson.
D M P Mingos (1995). Essentials of Inorganic Chemistry 1. Oxford: Oxford Chemistry Primer 28, OUP.
W G Richards and P R Scott. Energy Levels in Atoms and Molecules. Oxford Chemistry Primer 26, OUP.
James Keeler and Peter Wothers (2008). Chemical Stucture and Reactivity. OUP.
M Hesse, H Meier, B Zeeh (2008). Spectroscopic Methods in Organic Chemistry. Thieme.
All absences from practical sessions must be validated. Unexcused absences will result in failure of the module.
Repeat year externally: allowed if practical component passed. The practical marks are retained, the theory assessment is exam only.
Repeat year internally: note that practical may be reassessed by resubmission of reports or repeated.
This is how we’ll give you feedback as you are learning. It is not a formal test or exam.Tutorial
This is how we’ll formally assess what you have learned in this module.
This is how we’ll assess you if you don’t meet the criteria to pass this module.
Repeat type: Internal & External