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The University of Southampton
Courses

CHEM1035 Fundamentals of Inorganic Chemistry I

Module Overview

Aims and Objectives

Learning Outcomes

Learning Outcomes

Having successfully completed this module you will be able to:

  • Qualitatively discuss the structure of a multi-electron atom and the basis of the Periodic Table
  • Set up glassware and apparatus to conduct experiments in Inorganic Chemistry.
  • Interpret data from a range of physical techniques to characterise inorganic compounds.
  • Present the results of a practical investigation in a concise manner.
  • Describe bonding models that can be applied to a consideration of the properties of simple molecules
  • Construct appropriate qualitative energy level diagrams to explain molecular properties
  • Determine the shapes and symmetry properties of simple Inorganic compounds and ions
  • Calculate lattice enthalpy using the Born-Mayer equation and Born-Haber cycles, and use both to explain aspects of behaviour in extended lattice systems
  • Describe formation of a number of simple inorganic structures in terms of close packing and hole filling, and draw these structures
  • Perform calculations relating parameters such bond length, ionic/metallic radii, unit cell size, density, packing density and number of lattice points in the unit cell
  • Use bonding principles from parts 1 and 2 to describe aspects of the chemistry of Groups 1 and 2.
  • Evaluate the risks associated with an experiment and understand how to mitigate against those risks.

Syllabus

• Atomic orbital theory • Hydrogenic atoms, wavefunctions and their solutions, quantum numbers and atomic orbitals • Radial and angular wavefunctions and the shapes of atomic orbitals • Electron spin, aufbau principles, electronic structure, shielding/penetration and the Periodic Table • Covalent bonding in diatomic molecules, Lewis model and valence bond theory • Molecular orbital theory, boundary surface diagrams, sp-mixing and energy level diagrams • Valence bond and molecular orbital theory for polyatomic molecules, hybridisation, resonance, hypervalency • Shapes and symmetry of molecules; VSEPR, geometry, symmetry elements/operations and point groups • Extended lattices, ionic bonding, comparison with molecular structures and coordination numbers • Born-Haber cycles, Born-Mayer calculations and their use in discussion of stability of structures • Lattice descriptions – translations, lattice points, the unit cell, crystal systems, Bravais lattices and cell settings • Close packing including stacking arrangements, hcp and ccp unit cells, packing density, and positions and sizes of octahedral and tetrahedral holes; metal structures • Simple ionic-derived structures – CsCl, NaCl, ZnS (x 2), NiAs, TiO2, diamond and crystabolite • Ionic chemistry of the Group 1 and 2 elements. • Completion of four practical experiments and associated reports covering a range of topics and skills in inorganic chemistry including the application of a variety of fundamental techniques and methodologies (including spectroscopy) to the synthesis and analysis of molecules and materials; the ability to understand and communicate the experimental methods and outcomes; understanding the importance of experimental safety and time management.

Learning and Teaching

Teaching and learning methods

Lectures, problem-solving Seminars with group working and tutor support Practical chemistry: Prelaboratory e-learning; pre-lab skills lectures/ Seminars; practical sessions, supporting demonstrations, group and one-to-one tuition Practical hours includes pre-laboratory e-learning.

TypeHours
Practical24
Wider reading or practice15
Lecture24
Follow-up work24
Preparation for scheduled sessions48
Tutorial5
Revision10
Total study time150

Resources & Reading list

M Hesse, H Meier, B Zeeh (2008). Spectroscopic Methods in Organic Chemistry. 

J S Ogden. Introduction to Molecular Symmetry. 

M J Winter. Chemical Bonding. 

D Williams, I Fleming (2008). Spectroscopic Methods in Organic Chemistry. 

D M P Mingos (1995). Essentials of Inorganic Chemistry 1. 

Andrew Burrows, John Holman, Andrew Parsons, Gwen Pilling, and Gareth Price (2013). Chemistry3: Introducing inorganic, organic, and physical chemistry. 

C. E. Housecroft and A. G. Sharpe (2012). Inorganic Chemistry. 

James Keeler and Peter Wothers (2008). Chemical Stucture and Reactivity. 

W G Richards and P R Scott. Energy Levels in Atoms and Molecules. 

Assessment

Assessment Strategy

All absences from practical sessions must be validated. Unexcused absences will result in failure of the module. Repeat year externally: allowed if practical component passed. The practical marks are retained, the theory assessment is exam only. Repeat year internally: note that practical may be reassessed by resubmission of reports or repeated.

Formative

Tutorial

Summative

MethodPercentage contribution
Assessed Tutorials 10%
Examination  (2 hours) 65%
Lab proficiency 
Practical write-ups 25%

Referral

MethodPercentage contribution
Examination  (2 hours) 100%
Lab proficiency 

Repeat Information

Repeat type: Internal & External

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