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The University of Southampton
Courses

CHEM1035 Fundamentals of Inorganic Chemistry I

Module Overview

Aims and Objectives

Learning Outcomes

Learning Outcomes

Having successfully completed this module you will be able to:

  • Qualitatively discuss the structure of a multi-electron atom and the basis of the Periodic Table
  • Set up glassware and apparatus to conduct experiments in Inorganic Chemistry.
  • Interpret data from a range of physical techniques to characterise inorganic compounds.
  • Present the results of a practical investigation in a concise manner.
  • Describe bonding models that can be applied to a consideration of the properties of simple molecules
  • Construct appropriate qualitative energy level diagrams to explain molecular properties
  • Determine the shapes and symmetry properties of simple Inorganic compounds and ions
  • Calculate lattice enthalpy using the Born-Mayer equation and Born-Haber cycles, and use both to explain aspects of behaviour in extended lattice systems
  • Describe formation of a number of simple inorganic structures in terms of close packing and hole filling, and draw these structures
  • Perform calculations relating parameters such bond length, ionic/metallic radii, unit cell size, density, packing density and number of lattice points in the unit cell
  • Use bonding principles from parts 1 and 2 to describe aspects of the chemistry of Groups 1 and 2.
  • Evaluate the risks associated with an experiment and understand how to mitigate against those risks.

Syllabus

• Atomic orbital theory • Hydrogenic atoms, wavefunctions and their solutions, quantum numbers and atomic orbitals • Radial and angular wavefunctions and the shapes of atomic orbitals • Electron spin, aufbau principles, electronic structure, shielding/penetration and the Periodic Table • Covalent bonding in diatomic molecules, Lewis model and valence bond theory • Molecular orbital theory, boundary surface diagrams, sp-mixing and energy level diagrams • Valence bond and molecular orbital theory for polyatomic molecules, hybridisation, resonance, hypervalency • Shapes and symmetry of molecules; VSEPR, geometry, symmetry elements/operations and point groups • Extended lattices, ionic bonding, comparison with molecular structures and coordination numbers • Born-Haber cycles, Born-Mayer calculations and their use in discussion of stability of structures • Lattice descriptions – translations, lattice points, the unit cell, crystal systems, Bravais lattices and cell settings • Close packing including stacking arrangements, hcp and ccp unit cells, packing density, and positions and sizes of octahedral and tetrahedral holes; metal structures • Simple ionic-derived structures – CsCl, NaCl, ZnS (x 2), NiAs, TiO2, diamond and crystabolite • Ionic chemistry of the Group 1 and 2 elements. • Completion of four practical experiments and associated reports covering a range of topics and skills in inorganic chemistry including the application of a variety of fundamental techniques and methodologies (including spectroscopy) to the synthesis and analysis of molecules and materials; the ability to understand and communicate the experimental methods and outcomes; understanding the importance of experimental safety and time management.

Learning and Teaching

Teaching and learning methods

Lectures, problem-solving Seminars with group working and tutor support Practical chemistry: Prelaboratory e-learning; pre-lab skills lectures/ Seminars; practical sessions, supporting demonstrations, group and one-to-one tuition Practical hours includes pre-laboratory e-learning.

TypeHours
Lecture24
Follow-up work24
Tutorial5
Practical24
Preparation for scheduled sessions48
Wider reading or practice15
Revision10
Total study time150

Resources & Reading list

Andrew Burrows, John Holman, Andrew Parsons, Gwen Pilling, and Gareth Price (2013). Chemistry3: Introducing inorganic, organic, and physical chemistry. 

M J Winter. Chemical Bonding. 

D Williams, I Fleming (2008). Spectroscopic Methods in Organic Chemistry. 

W G Richards and P R Scott. Energy Levels in Atoms and Molecules. 

James Keeler and Peter Wothers (2008). Chemical Stucture and Reactivity. 

M Hesse, H Meier, B Zeeh (2008). Spectroscopic Methods in Organic Chemistry. 

D M P Mingos (1995). Essentials of Inorganic Chemistry 1. 

J S Ogden. Introduction to Molecular Symmetry. 

C. E. Housecroft and A. G. Sharpe (2012). Inorganic Chemistry. 

Assessment

Assessment Strategy

All absences from practical sessions must be validated. Unexcused absences will result in failure of the module. Repeat year externally: allowed if practical component passed. The practical marks are retained, the theory assessment is exam only. Repeat year internally: note that practical may be reassessed by resubmission of reports or repeated.

Formative

Tutorial

Summative

MethodPercentage contribution
Assessed Tutorials 10%
Examination  (2 hours) 65%
Lab proficiency %
Practical write-ups 25%

Referral

MethodPercentage contribution
Examination  (2 hours) 100%
Lab proficiency %

Repeat Information

Repeat type: Internal & External

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