Modernism responded to the advent of modernity: to urbanisation, mechanisation, consumer capitalism and two World Wars. It reacted to, reflected and even extended twentieth-century advances in the understanding of time and space, consciousness, language, desire and perception. In this era of immense change, writers and artists demanded a revolution in culture. Radical ideas and aesthetics were transmitted back and forth between Britain, Europe and America. Modernist writing broke with inherited conventions of genre, narrative, originality, realism and authorship; established rules of grammar, syntax and typography were overturned. New literary techniques developed in correspondence with innovations across the arts. This module will explore key ideas and formal strategies in modernist literature.