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The University of Southampton

HIST3267 Empires In Crisis: The Austro-Hungarian And Russian Revolutions, 1900-1921 (Part 1)

Module Overview

Aims and Objectives

Learning Outcomes

Knowledge and Understanding

Having successfully completed this module, you will be able to demonstrate knowledge and understanding of:

  • The main political, social, cultural and foreign challenges that faced the Austro-Hungarian and Russian empires in their last two decades.
  • How to think comparatively across the two empires about a variety of political, social and cultural topics, revealing similar or dissimilar points of instability and the degree of success with which the two regimes responded.
  • The key historiographical debates surrounding the unrest and revolutions which engulfed Austria-Hungary and Tsarist Russia.


This is a comparative study of the last decades of the Habsburg and Romanov empires, analysing their key points of instability and viability over twenty years. Part 1 focuses on domestic problems which faced the two empires before 1914, and how the regimes managed them (e.g. social unrest, terrorism, nationalism, and gender questions). Part 2 turns to issues of foreign policy, war, and revolution. After studying Habsburg-Russian foreign relations in the Balkans, the focus is on the two empires at war and their collapse into revolution. Out of this came civil wars but also promises of a radical new order.

Learning and Teaching

Teaching and learning methods

The current intention is to deliver teaching for this module online. If circumstances allow, some form of blended delivery methods, including lectures, seminars, workshops, or individual tutorials may be introduced if it is safe for all concerned to do so. However, delivery will remain entirely online if face to face teaching is not possible or advisable.

Independent Study252
Total study time300



MethodPercentage contribution
Timed Assignment 50%
Written assignment 25%
Written assignment 25%
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