This module introduces you to the past and present of the international music industry. It focuses on infrastructure (artists, repertoires, distribution channels etc.) in order to help you understand the consumption of music as a practice on a global scale, and prepare you manage your own career and that of others. Indicative case studies will be drawn from (for instance) genres such as Western Art Music (including orchestral, chamber and operatic repertoires), jazz, pop, musical theatre and folk/traditional music as they are practiced all over the world. Where chosen repertories have a long history this will be taken into account, including the ways in which kinds of music and musical practices have moved from one part of the world to another. Questions we may ask include: Has opera always been a “loss-maker”? How has the music of Beethoven been received across the 20th Century in East Asia? What is the nature of the symphony orchestra as an institution? What goes into a successful chamber music concert? How is Asian pop music changing the global pop market? What is the impact of the X-factor on the way musicians across the world want to train today? Why is Italian opera such an important component of the global live music market? What goes into a successful Broadway or West-End musical? How is the world-wide web changing the reception of all of these repertories?