The University of Southampton
Courses

PAIR2037 Comparative lobbying and interest groups politics

Module Overview

In democratic political systems, interest groups are widely perceived as channels of societal representation of policy demands and key actors of effective problem-solving and implementation of legislation. The course examines the role of interest groups’ lobbying activities across institutional branches of government (executive, legislative and judicial) and policymaking stages (agenda-setting, policy formulation, decision-making and implementation) in national and supranational decision-making. The course examines the theories and research methodologies currently employed in the literature for the systematic, scientific study of key aspects of lobbying and interest groups’ activities such as levels and methods of lobbying success and policy influence, advocacy coalition formation and the regulation of lobbying activities. Throughout the course, a comparative theoretical and empirical perspective is employed and lobbying and interest groups’ activities are examined across different political systems such as the United States, Canada, the European Union and EU Member States. This comparative approach will be reflected directly in the readings assigned for each class.

Aims and Objectives

Learning Outcomes

Learning Outcomes

Having successfully completed this module you will be able to:

  • Demonstrate knowledge and understanding of core concepts and theories in the field of comparative lobbying and interest groups
  • Demonstrate knowledge and understanding of the main methodological approaches to the empirical study of interest groups lobbying activities across democratic systems of government
  • Demonstrate knowledge and understanding of the role of private actors in political decision-making and public policymaking across democratic systems of government
  • Use analytical skills to critically assess contemporary politics and policymaking
  • Explain the role of interest groups and lobbying in national and supranational level decision-making processes in a systematic, social-scientific way
  • Critically evaluate the usefulness of different theoretical approaches to the study of key aspects of lobbying across different system of governance
  • Assess the appropriateness of different research methodologies to the empirical study of different aspects of lobbying
  • Examine interest groups’ political activities in the context of broader theories of interest intermediation and representation in democratic systems of government
  • Demonstrate knowledge and understanding of the practical aspects of lobbying and interest groups’ political activities across political systems

Syllabus

Week by week course topics Week 1: Defining interest groups and lobbying activities in democratic systems of government Week 2: Understanding systems of interest representation and intermediation: pluralism versus corporatism Week 3: Theories of lobbying in national, supranational and international systems of government Week 4: Interest groups and institutional actors: lobbying branches of government Week 5: Interest groups’ activities across policymaking stages Week 6: Regulating lobbying: national and supranational regulatory regimes Week 7: Lobbying success: theoretical and methodological considerations Week 8: Advocacy coalitions Week 9: Interest groups and lobbying activities in US, Canada and the United Kingdom Week 10: Interest groups and lobbying activities in EU and Member States Week 11: Interest groups and modern media Week 12: Lobbying as a profession & revision session

Learning and Teaching

Teaching and learning methods

The course is delivered by a combination of lectures and fortnightly 1-hour seminars. Each student will have 2 weekly contact hours.

TypeHours
Preparation for scheduled sessions44
Seminar12
Lecture12
Completion of assessment task82
Total study time150

Resources & Reading list

Eising R (2004). Multilevel Governance and Business Interests in the European Union. 

Marshall D (2010). ‘Who to lobby and when: Institutional determinants of interest group strategies in European Parliament committees.’ European Union Politics. 

Dur A (2008). Measuring Interest Group Influence in the EU: A note on Methodology.’ European Union Politics. 

Baroni L, Caroll B.J, Chalmers A.W, Munoz Marquez L.M, Rasmussen A (2014). Defining and classifying interest groups.’ Interest Groups and Advocacy. 

Eising R (2007). 'Institutional Context, Organizational Resources and Strategic Choices: Explaining Interest Group Access in the European Union' European Union Politics. 

Mahoney C (2007). Networking vs. allying: the decision of interest groups to join coalitions in the US and the EU. 

Beyers J (2004).  ‘Voice and Access. Political Practices of European Interest Associations.’ European Union Politics. 

Althaus M (2015).  Recruiting the competent lobbyist: Career options and employer demands in Germany. Interest Groups and Advocacy. 

Bunea A, Ibenskas R (2015). Quantitative text analyses and the study of EU lobbying ?and interest groups.’ European Union Politics. ,0 , pp. 0.

Kluver H (2009). ‘Measuring Interest Group Influence Using Quantitative Text Anal- ?ysis.’ European Union Politics. 

Mahoney C (2007). Lobbying Success in the United States and the European Union. Journal of Public Policy. ,0 , pp. 0.

Obradovic D In: D. Coen and J. Richardson (2009). Regulating Lobbying in the European Union In: Lobbying the European Union: Institutions, Actors and Issues. 

Lowery D (2015). Images of an unbiased interest system.. Journal of European Public Policy. ,0 , pp. 0.

Holyoke T.T, Brown H, LaPira T.M (2015). ‘Learnable skills, or unteachable instinct? What can and what cannot be taught in the lobbying profession.’ Interest Groups and Advocacy. 

Wippersberg J, Wagner N, Lojka K (2015). An academic program for public affairs in Austria. Interest Groups and Advocacy. 

Bernhagen P, Dur A, Marshall D (2014). Measuring lobbying success spatially.’ ?Interest Groups and Advocacy. 

Dur A, Bernhagen P, Marshall D (2015). ‘Interest Groups Success in the European Union: When (and Why) Does Business Lose?’ Comparative Political Studies. 

Woll C (2012). ‘The brash and the soft-spoken: Lobbying styles in a transatlantic comparison.’ Interest Groups and Advocacy. 

Coen D, Katsaitis A (2013). Chameleon pluralism in the EU: an empirical study of the European ommission interest group density and diversity across policy domains. Journal of European Public Policy. ,0 , pp. 0.

Chalmers A.W (2013). Trading information for access: informational lobbying strategies and interest group access to the European Union. Journal of European Public Policy. ,0 , pp. 0.

Bunea A (2013). Issues, preferences and ties: determinants of interest groups’ preference attainment in the EU environmental policy.. ,0 , pp. 0.

Greenwood J, Dreger J (2013). ‘The Transparency Register: A European vanguard of strong lobby regulation?’ Interest Groups and Advocacy. 

Kluver H (2011).  The contextual nature of lobbying: Explaining lobbying success in the European Union.’ European Union Politics. 

(2002). Corporate lobbying in the European Union: the logic of access.. Journal of European Public Policy. ,0 , pp. 0.

Assessment

Summative

MethodPercentage contribution
Essay  (1500 words) 30%
Position Paper  (500 words) 10%
Research project  (3000 words) 60%

Referral

MethodPercentage contribution
Essay  (2000 words) 50%
Essay  (2000 words) 50%

Repeat Information

Repeat type: Internal & External

Linked modules

Pre-requisite: PAIR1002 Political Systems 2017-18

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